15 July in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 15 July is the birth anniversary of Jamshedji Jijabhai, Prabhas Joshi, Kumaraswamy Kamaraj, and Durgābāi Deshmukh.
15 July is also observed as the death anniversary of Raja Dakshinaranjan Mukherjee, and Banoo Jehangir Koyaji.
15 July in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:
Jamshedji Jijabhai (15 July 1783 – 14 April 1859), a very wealthy charity from his business. Jamshed Ji Jijabhai’s most name is due to his charity. Due to financial constraints, he could not take education. At the young age of 12, he joined the business of selling old bottles with his maternal uncle. A few days later he also got married to my sister. With the death of his parents in 1899, the entire burden of the family came over Jijabhai. He was the first Indian to be honored by Queen Victoria. Jijabai, who was away from communal discrimination, took many steps to improve the condition of women and to remove the evils of Parsi society. Prominent among the institutions established with his financial assistance is – J. J. Hospital, J. J. School of Art, Poona Dam, and Water Institute. He was Bron on 15 July 1783 in Mumbai.
Prabhas Joshi (15 July 1915 – 5 November 2009), The pillars of Hindi journalism. He was also considered an expert in politics and cricket journalism. He died of a heart attack around midnight on Thursday, 5 November 2009 at his residence in Vasundhara Colony, Ghaziabad. His Major books published by Rajkamal Prakashan are – Dharma of being Hindu, Masi Kagad, and Kagad Kare. He was also awarded the Shalaka Samman for the year 2007-08 for his contribution to the development of the Hindi language and literature. He was Bron on 15 July 1915 in Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India.
Kumaraswamy Kamaraj (15 July 1903 – 2 October 1975) was a South Indian politician who rose to Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu. popularly known as Kamarajar was an Indian independence activist and politician who served as the Chief Minister of Madras State. He also served as the president of the Indian National Congress for two terms i.e. four years between 1964–1967 and was responsible for the elevation of Lal Bahadur Shastri to the position of Prime Minister of India after Nehru’s death and Indira Gandhi after Shastri’s death. Starting his political career from a very low level in the politics of Tamil Nadu, K. K., was called the kingmaker, due to playing an important role in choosing two prime ministers of the country. Kamaraj became famous due to the Kamaraj plan made in the sixties to reform the Congress organization. He was Bron on 15 July 1903 in Virudhunagar, Tamil Nadu.
Durgābāi Deshmukh, Lady Deshmukh (15 July 1909 – 9 May 1981), an Indian freedom fighter, lawyer, social worker, and politician. Deshmukh was a member of the Constituent Assembly of India and the Planning Commission of India. Durgabai Deshmukh authored a book called The Stone That Speaketh. Her autobiography Chintaman and I was published one year before her death in 1981. In 1953, she was sent to Washington D.C. as a member of the Indian delegation to the World Food Congress. She was Bron on 15 July 1909 in Rajahmundry, Madras Presidency, British India (now Andhra Pradesh, India).
Read More: 14 July in Indian and World History
15 July in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:
Raja Dakshinaranjan Mukherjee (2 October 1815 – 15 July 1878), the Taluqdar of the formerly confiscated taluq of Shankarpur in West Bengal. He was one of the leaders of the Young Bengal group in 19th-century India. He established the Awadh British Indian Association in 1871 and campaigned for the formation of a provincial government with an equal number of nominated and elected legislators costing him some favor with the British government. Dakshinaranjan Mukherjee died on 15 July 1878 in Lucknow.
Banoo Jehangir Koyaji (7 September 1917 – 15 July 2004), an Indian medical scientist. Bano was brought up in a well-to-do Parsi family. She was also an advocate and expert in family planning. She started her career in ‘Gynecology and Obstetrics’ in 1943. Instead of doing his own practice there, he worked as a general doctor with Dr. Edulji Koyali. Right from the birth of Bano, the culture of national sentiment was received. He also had an affinity for Gandhiji. For this social concern of Bano Jehangir Koyaji and his efficiency, he was awarded the Magsaysay Award in 1993. Bano was also decorated with the title of ‘Padma Bhushan’ in the year 1989. He died on 15 July 2004.
Read More: 13 July in Indian and World History
Notable events on 15 July in Indian and World history
15 July 1904 – The first Buddhist temple was built in Los Angeles, the USA on this day.
15 July 1904 – Anton Chekhov, was a Russian playwright and short-story writer, died.
15 July 1907 – Eugène Poubelle, was a French lawyer and diplomat who introduced waste containers to Paris and made their use compulsory, died.
15 July 1910 – Emil Kreplin named Alzheimer’s disease after Alois Alzheimer.
15 July 1915 – Boeing, the world’s largest aerospace company, started on this day.
15 July 1915 – The first motor bus service was started in Bombay (now Mumbai).
15 July 1918 – Bertram Brockhouse, a Canadian physicist, and Nobel Prize Laureate was born.
15 July 1921 – Robert Bruce Merrifield, an American biochemist, and Nobel Prize Laureate was born.
15 July 1922 – Leon M. Lederman, an American physicist, and Nobel Prize Laureate was born.
15 July 1944 – During World War II, the US military launched a massive bombing of Japan.
15 July 1955 – The first President Dr. Rajendra Prasad announced the Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award, to the then Prime Minister of the country, Jawaharlal Nehru.
15 July 1970 – Denmark won the first Women’s World Cup of football by defeating Italy 2–0.
15 July 1979 – Morarji Desai, the Prime Minister of India, resigned from his post on this day.
15 July 1915 – Female cricketer Sandhya Agarwal set a world record by scoring 190 runs in Test cricket.
15 July 2011 – India successfully put the advanced communication satellite GSAT-12 into space orbit by a Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV).
15 July 2011 – The Tata group announced to give a house after the Nano for Rs 32,000.
15 July 2012 – Forty pilgrims were killed in a bus accident in Parsi, Nepal.