14 July in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 14 July is the birth anniversary of Gopal Ganesh Agarkar, Deshbandhu Gupta, Shiv Nadar, and Sudha Shivpuri.
14 July is also observed as the death anniversary of Madan Mohan Kohli, Leela Chitnis, and Syed Mohammad.
14 July in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:
Gopal Ganesh Agarkar (14 July 1856 – 17 June 1895), the famous social worker of India. He also gained fame as a journalist. He was a classmate of the famous freedom fighter Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak. He also started a weekly called ‘Sudhakar’. Gopal Ganesh Agarkar Ji was made the headmaster of Fergusson College, Pune in the year 1892 and then he remained in this post till the end. Agarkar was Bron on 14 July 1856 in Satara, Maharashtra.
Deshbandhu Gupta (14 July 1900 – 1951), a famous patriot, freedom fighter, and journalist. In his student life, Deshbandhu Gupta had jumped into the national movement. Impressed by him, Lala Lajpat Rai took him with him. Gupta had a great ability to organize. He was arrested during the ‘Quit India Movement in the year 1942 and then came out of jail only in 1945. Deshbandhu was also known as Gupt as a journalist. Swami Shraddhanand appointed him the editor of the national paper ‘Tej’. In 1948, you were also elected the President of the ‘All India Newspaper Editor’s Conference’. Gupta Ji always opposed the ‘caste system’. He was Bron on 14 July 1900 in Panipat, Haryana.
Shiv Nadar, an Indian billionaire industrialist. Nadar was the founder and chairman of HCL Technologies Limited and the Shiv Nadar Foundation. In 1996, Nadar founded SSN College of Engineering in Chennai, Tamil Nadu in the name of his father, Sivasubramaniya Nadar. He was Bron on 14 July 1945(age 75) in Moolaipozhi, Thoothukudi, Tamil Nadu, India.
Sudha Shivpuri (14 July 1937 – 20 May 2015), an Indian actress who was most famous for her role as Baa in the Hindi TV serial Kyunki Saas Bhi Kabhi Bahu Thi. In 2009, she received the Award Sangeet Natak Akademi. she took a break from films and shifted to television, where she acted in a few serials like Aa Bail Mujhe Maar and Rajni (1985), She was Bron on 14 July 1937 in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
Read More: 13 July in Indian and World History
14 July in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:
Madan Mohan Kohli (25 June 1924 – 14 July 1975), a famous Hindi film composer. Famous for his Ghazals, the full name of this musician was ‘Madan Mohan Kohli’. He was a soldier in his youth. He later joined All India Radio due to his inclination towards music. He sang many memorable ghazals from Talat Mehmood and Lata Mangeshkar, including songs like “Aapki nazron ne samjha, pyar ke kaabil mujhe”. Madan Mohan was awarded the National Award for Best Music Director for the film Dastak, released in the year 1970. He died on 14 July 1975.
Leela Chitnis (9 September 1909 – 14 July 2003), a famous Hindi film actress. Leela Chitnis acted for 52 years and was the heroine of Ashok Kumar, then later she appeared in several films as the mother of Dilip Kumar, Raj Kapoor, and Dev Anand. Apart from acting, Leela Chitnis also produced and directed the film ‘Aaj Ki Baat’ (1955). She was the first Indian actress to appear in an ad film for the soap ‘Lux’ in 1941. She died on 14 July 2003.
Syed Mohammad (12 August 1899 – 14 July 1971), the most gifted pioneering athlete of India. Mohammad not only represented India in cricket and tennis, but was also proficient in field hockey, soccer, table tennis, chess, and polo. Nawab Moin-Ud-Dowlah was also a great patron of cricket in India. Hadi died in his native Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, of lung cancer at the age of 72. He died on 14 July 1917.
Read More: 12 July in Indian and World History
Notable events on 14 July in Indian and World history
14 July 1636 – The Mughal emperor Shah Jahan appointed Aurangzeb as the Viceroy of the Deccan.
14 July 1789 – The French Revolution started on this day.
14 July 1798 – The US Congress approved the ‘Sedition Act’. After this, writing, printing or speaking false or misleading things against the government became an offense.
14 July 1850 – The first public display of artificially frozen ice on this day.
14 July 1864 – Gold was discovered in Helena, the capital of the US state of Montana.
14 July 1914 – The design patent for the first liquid fuel-based rocket was obtained by Robert H. Goggard.
14 July 1921 – Geoffrey Wilkinson, a renowned British chemist, and Nobel Prize Laureate, was born.
14 July 1927 – The first commercial flight of the aircraft to the Hawaiian Islands began.
14 July 1939 – Alfonse Mucha – was a Czech painter, illustrator, and graphic artist, living in Paris during the Art Nouveau period – died.
14 July 1940 – In World War II, German bombers bombed Suez on this day.
14 July 1951 – The first color broadcast of a sporting event in the form of horse racing was on the CBS channel.
14 July 1954 – Jacinto Benavente, a prominent Spanish playwright, and Nobel Prize Laureate, died.
14 July 1965 – A NASA spacecraft passing by Mars took the first close-up pictures of another planet.
14 July 1965 – 85 people died in a collision between a goods train and a passenger train in Jaipur.
14 July 1979 – The then Soviet Union conducted an underground nuclear test in 1972. The US conducted its nuclear test.
14 July 1987 – The 37 years of military rule in Taiwan came to an end.
14 July 1996 – NO. The US started sending weapons to Pakistan under the Brown Amendment.
14 July 1999 – Maker Morita appointed Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea on this day.
14 July 2003 – Russia’s Yelena Isinbayeva set a new world record in the women’s pole vault.
14 July 2015 – NASA’s New Horizons became the first spacecraft to visit Pluto.
Bastille Day was first celebrated on July 14, 1790, exactly one year after the Bastille fell. Since then, large parties have been held all over the world.
Every year, 14 July is observed as International Non-Binary People’s Day. The aim of this event is to raise awareness and organize around the issues faced by non-binary people around the world.
14 July is observed as Mad Pride Day. It is a mass movement of the users of mental health services, former users, and the aligned, which advocates that individual with mental illness should be proud of their ‘mad’ identity.