30 January in Indian and World History
30 January in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 30 January is the birth anniversary of Jaishankar Prasad, Chidambaram Subramaniam, and Amrita Sher-Gil.
30 January is also observed as the death anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, Makhan Lal Chaturvedi, and J. C. Kumarappa.
30 January in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:
Jaishankar Prasad (30 January 1889 – 15 November 1937), holds a special place in the Hindi theatrical world and fiction. He also has a special place in the field of fiction. Jaishankar Prasad was unique among those who wrote sentiment-oriented stories. He was born on 30 January 1889 in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh.
Chidambaram Subramaniam (30 January 1910 – 7 November 2000), known as the “Father of the Green Revolution” in India. When India got independence, at that time the situation of food production in the country was very deplorable. There was a famine in many places. In Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa, many people became victims of starvation and became the victims of time. When C. Subrahmanyam was made the agriculture minister at the Centre, he implemented many schemes to make the country self-sufficient in food production. It was because of his better agricultural policies that record food grain production in the country happened in 1972. Due to the policies and efficient efforts of C. Subrahmanyam, today the country has become completely self-sufficient in the production of food grains. He was born on 30 January 1910.
Amrita Sher-Gil (30 January 1913 – 5 December 1941), one of the most beautiful painters. Amrita Shergill painted a new picture of India on canvas. Regarding her paintings, Amrita said, “I have given a new look to the soul of India”. This change is not only about the subject, but also technical. Amrita had composed such realistic paintings, which were discussed all over the world. She was born on 30 January 1913.
Read More: 29 January in Indian and World History
30 January in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:
Mahatma Gandhi (2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948), considered the leader of the Indian national movement against British rule and the ‘Father of the Nation’. His full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He gained international fame for his theory of non-violent protest to achieve political and social progress. He was a prominent political and spiritual leader of India and the Indian independence movement. He had an unbreakable relationship with the ‘Sabarmati Ashram’. Mahatma Gandhi was associated with this ashram for life, that is why he also got the title of ‘Saint of Sabarmati’. He died on 30 January 1948 in New Delhi.
Makhan Lal Chaturvedi (4 April 1889 – 30 January 1968), a unique Hindi writer of simple language and full of emotions. He studied Hindi and Sanskrit. He was the editor of the national daily ‘Karmaveer’. He actively participated in the freedom movement. Nationality is the essence of his poetry and mystical love is his soul. He died on 30 January 1968.
J.C. Kumarappa (4 January 1892 – 30 January 1960), an Indian economist. His original name was ‘Joseph Chelladurai Cornelius’. He had been a close associate of Mahatma Gandhi. J. C. Kumarappa is considered the first master of Gandhian economics in India. He died on 30 January 1960 in Madurai.
Read More: 28 January in Indian and World History
Notable events on 30 January in Indian and World history
30 January 1641 – Portugal ceded the Gulf of Malacca to the Malaya Dutch.
30 January 1648 – A peace agreement was signed between Holland and Spain.
30 January 1649 – The Emperor of England ‘Charles I’ was hanged.
30 January 1788 – Prince Charles Edward Stuart of Britain died in Rome.
30 January 1790 – Testing of the first boat built as a lifeboat in the River Tyne.
30 January 1902 – The first Anglo-Japanese treaty between Japan and Britain was signed in London regarding the independence of Korea and China.
30 January 1903 – Lord Curzon inaugurated the ‘Imperial Library’ at Metcalfe Hall.
30 January 1911 – The name ‘Canadian Naval Service’ was changed to ‘Royal Canadian Navy’.
30 January 1913 – The House of Lords rejected the Irish Home Rule Bill.
30 January 1933 – Adolf Hitler officially took over as Chancellor of Germany.
30 January 1941 – a German ship sank in a Soviet submarine, killing about 9,000 people on board.
30 January 1943 – The German army was defeated by Soviet forces near the Stalin Graf.
30 January 1948 – On this day, Nathuram Godse assassinated the Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi, who made an important contribution to India’s freedom struggle.
30 January 1949 – Night airmail service was started.
30 January 1964 – The military seized power in South Vietnam.
30 January 1965 – the people of Britain gave their last farewell to Winston Churchill, who was the Prime Minister of the country during the Second World War. Winston Churchill was not only a strong speaker but also a skilled diplomat, who was awarded the Nobel Prize.
30 January 1972 – Pakistan withdrew its name from the ‘Commonwealth’.
30 January 1989 – the US closed its embassy in Kabul, Afghanistan.
30 January 1991 – Iraqi forces captured a city near the Saudi Arabian border About 12 American soldiers had to lose their lives in this attack.
30 January 2004 – Scientists had announced the presence of iron oxide on Mars.
30 January 2007 – Tata bought the Anglo-Dutch steelmaker Corus Group for over $12 billion.
30 January 2009 – The pair of Sania Mirza and Mahesh Bhupathi reached the finals in the mixed doubles match Australian Open.
30 January 2009 – The Coca-Cola Company announced to change the name of Coca Black Classic to Coca-Cola.
30 January 2013 – South Korea launched its first carrier rocket Naro-1.
30 January is celebrated as Martyrs Day or Shaheed Diwas every year. It is celebrated in the memory of Mahatma Gandhi and the sacrifice of three revolutionaries of India. On 30 January 1948, the ‘Father of Nation’ was assassinated, and on 23rd March 3 heroes namely Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru, and Sukhdev Thapar of the nation were hanged to death by the British.
World Leprosy Day is observed on the last Sunday of January to focus on the target of zero cases of leprosy-related disabilities in children.