12 February in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 12 February is the birth anniversary of Nana Fadnavis, Maharishi Swami Dayanand Saraswati, and Pran Krishna Sikand.

12 February is also observed as the death anniversary of Mahadji Shinde, Sufi Amba Prasad, and Nawab Syed Mohammad Bahadur.

Birth Anniversary

12 February in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:

Nana Fadnavis (12 February 1742 – 13 March 1800), a Maratha statesman who served in the Peshwa during the Third Battle of Panipat. He is very famous for his cleverness and intelligence. He also fought with Tipu Sultan. He made a successful attempt to collect the power of the Maratha Empire under one umbrella. During the Peshwa rule, Nana Fadnavis was an influential minister and diplomat of the Maratha Empire. He was called the Maratha Machiavelli (named after the famous Italian diplomat Niccol Machiavelli) by the Europeans. He was born on 12 February 1742.

Maharishi Swami Dayanand Saraswati (12 February 1824 – 30 October 1883), the founder of Arya Samaj and an intense reformist monk. Around the time when Keshavchandra Sen was engaged in the propagation of Brahmo Samaj, Dandi Swami Virjanand’s hut at Mathura Puri ignited like a fierce fire-Shikha, a sanyasi, who first challenged the Sanskrit scholar Vidvatsansar for Vedartha and debate. He was born on 12 February 1824 in Gujarat.

Pran Krishna Sikand (12 February 1920 – 12 July 2013), a well-known hero, villain, and character actor in Hindi films. Pran was such an actor who always has makeup on his face and a storm of emotions, who pours his life into every character to make him feel that without him the character would have been worthless. Even today people have not forgotten his style of dialogue delivery. He was born on 12 February 1920 in Delhi.

Read More: 11 February in Indian and World History

Death Anniversary

12 February in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:

Mahadji Shinde (12 February 1794), the illegitimate son and successor of Ranoji Scindia. He was prominently active during the colonial period of the British. Mahadji Shinde was a very ambitious and military man. Due to his sharp intelligence and military skills, he held a special place in the Maratha Empire. He died on 12 February 1794.

Sufi Amba Prasad (1858 – 12 February 1919), a famous nationalist leader, great revolutionary, and freedom fighter of India. Due to his revolutionary activities, the British government sentenced him to death in the years 1897 and 1907. But both times Sufi Amba Prasad fled to Iran to escape the execution. He was the leading leader of the ‘Ghadar Party’ in Iran. He remained a leftist throughout his life. The tomb of Sufi Amba Prasad is built in the city of Shiraz, Iran. He was born on 12 February 1919 in Iran.

Nawab Syed Mohammad Bahadur (1867 – 12 February 1919), an Indian politician. He presided over the Karachi convention of the Indian National Congress in 1913. He was the third Muslim, after Badruddin Tyabji and Rahimtullah M. Sayani, to preside over a Congress conference. He died on 12 February 1919.

Read More: 9 February in Indian and World History

Notable events on 12 February in Indian and World history

12 February 1502 – Vasco da Gama left Lisbon in his ship for his second visit to India.

12 February 1544 – In England, Jane Gray was sentenced to death for treason.

12 February 1577 – The new governor of the Netherlands, Dan Jan of Austria, issued an order to end the civil war.

12 February 1689 – William and Mary were proclaimed King and Queen of England.

12 February 1736 – Nadir Shah became the ruler of France.

12 February 1762 – The British Navy captured the Caribbean Island of Martinique.

12 February 1771 – Gustav III became King of Sweden on this day.

12 February 1885 – The German East Africa Company was formed.

12 February 1912 – the Manchu dynasty left the throne in China.

12 February 1918 – Julian Seymour Schwinger an American theoretical physicist, and Nobel Laureate, was born.

12 February 1922 – Mahatma Gandhi announced the withdrawal of the non-cooperation movement.

12 February 1925 – The Communist Party was banned by the Baltic country of Estonia in Northern Europe.

12 February 1928 – Gandhiji announced Satyagraha in Bardoli on this day.

12 February 1949 – Hassan-al-Batra, the famous Egyptian fighter and the founder of the Ikhwanul Muslim organization, was martyred by a conspiracy by Britain and the then Egyptian King Malik Farooq.

12 February 1953 – Egypt and Britain signed an agreement regarding Sudan.

12 February 1974 – Nobel Prize winner Alexander Solzhenitsyn of the Soviet Union was arrested in Moscow.

12 February 1985  Mahmoud Shokoko – an Egyptian actor and artist – died.

12 February 2002 – an Iranian plane crashed while landing at Khurramabad airport, in which 119 people lost their lives.

12 February 2009 – Cambridge University announced the award of the degree of DLIT to the famous economist of India, Amartya Sen.

12 February 2013 – North Korea conducted its third underground nuclear test.

12 February is Observed as Darwin Day. Charles Darwin’s birthday is celebrated every year as Darwin Day to commemorate the birth anniversary of the father of evolutionary biology, Charles Darwin, who was born in 1809. On this day, Darwin’s contribution to evolutionary biology and plant science is highlighted.

12 February is also Observed as Abraham Lincoln’s Birthday. The day is celebrated as the birthday of one of the most popular presidents in the history of the United States, Abraham Lincoln. In addition to being Abraham Lincoln’s birthday, this day is also known as Lincoln Day, Abraham Lincoln Day, or Lincoln Day.

12 February is also Observed as National Productivity Day. It is observed on 12 February annually to increase the productivity culture in India. It is celebrated by the National Productivity Council (NPC).

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