12 November in Indian and World History
12 November in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 11 November is the birth anniversary of Salim Ali and Amjad Khan.
12 November is also observed as the death anniversary of Madan Mohan Malaviya.
12 November in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:
Salim Ali (12 November 1896 – 27 July 1987), an Indian ornithologist and naturalist. He is known as the Birdman of India. Salim Ali was the first person in India to systematically conduct bird surveys across India and his books on birds have greatly helped in the development of ornithology in India. In the year 1906, the inexhaustible curiosity of a ten-year-old boy, Salim Ali, has given him recognition in the world today as an ornithologist. This person, who spent 65 years in the survey of birds, was called the moving encyclopedia of birds. The efforts made in the direction of nature conservation of this ‘messiah of birds’, awarded with Padma Vibhushan, can never be forgotten. He was born on 12 November 1896 in Bombay.
Amjad Khan (12 November 1940 – 27 July 1992), a famous actor in Hindi films. The character ‘Gabbar Singh’ played by him in the film ‘Sholay‘ is one of the memorable villains of Indian cinema. In his career, he worked in about 130 films like ‘Sholay’, ‘Parvarish’, ‘Muqaddar Ka Sikandar’, ‘Laawaris’, ‘Hiralal-Pannalal’, ‘Sitapur Ki Geeta’, ‘Himmatwala’ and ‘Kalia’. Amjad Khan played one-to-one dangerous and atrocious roles on screen, was in real life a civilized, cultured, and good-hearted person who helped the poor. The role of Gabbar Singh of ‘Sholay’ was given to actor Danny before him, but when he refused due to time constraints, the role went to Amjad Khan. Amjad Khan brought to life the character of dacoit Gabbar Singh on the film screen in such a way that he made him immortal. He was born on 12 November 1940 in Peshawar.
Read More: 11 November in Indian and World History
12 November in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:
Madan Mohan Malaviya (25 December 1861 – 12 November 1946), not only a great freedom fighter, politician, and educationist, but also a great social reformer. According to historian VC Sahu, Madan Mohan Malviya, a supporter of Hindu nationalism, wanted to break the caste shackles from the country. He launched a nationwide movement against the evil of prohibition of entry in the temples of Dalits. On 24 December 2014, the President of India, Pranab Mukherjee, posthumously awarded the country’s highest civilian award ‘Bharat Ratna’ to Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya. He died on 12 November 1946.
Read More: 9 November in Indian and World History
Notable events on 12 November in Indian and World history
12 November 1847 – British physician Sir James Young Simpson first used chloroform as an anesthetic.
12 November 1918 – Austria became a republic.
12 November 1933 – Princess Maud of Fife married Captain Charles Alexander Carnegie at Wellington Barracks, London.
12 November 1925 – The US and Italy signed a peace agreement.
12 November 1930 – At the beginning of the first Round Table Conference in London, 56 Indian and 23 British delegates participated in it but no member of the Indian National Congress attended.
12 November 1936 – The temples of Kerala were opened to all Hindus.
12 November 1953 – The Prime Minister of Israel, David Ben Gurion, resigned.
12 November 1956 – Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia joined the United Nations.
12 November 1963 – a train accident in Japan killed 164 people.
12 November 1967 – Indira Gandhi was expelled from the party while being the Prime Minister.
12 November 1984 – British one-rupee notes disappeared; coins were introduced.
12 November 1990 – The traditional accession of Emperor Akihito to Japan.
12 November 1995 – Nigeria was suspended from Commonwealth membership.
12 November 2002 – The United Nations prepared a new peace plan for Cyprus, based on the federal structure of Switzerland.
12 November 2008 – The Reserve Bank of India canceled the license of Maharashtra’s Adalpur Urban Co-operative Bank.
12 November 2009 – The ‘Incredible India’ campaign of the Central Government to promote tourism in India was awarded the World Travel Award.