4 September in Indian and World History

OV Digital Desk

4 September in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons.1 September is the birth anniversary of Dadabhai Naoroji, Bhupendra Nath Datta, Dadulare Vajpayee, and Rishi Kapoor.

4 September is also observed as the death anniversary of Mohanlal Vishnu Pandya, and Dr. Dharamvir Bharati.

Birth Anniversary on 4 September

4 September in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:

Dadabhai Naoroji (4 September 1825 – 30 June 1917), is called the ‘Father of Indian Politics’. He was also a veteran politician, industrialist, educationist, and thinker. The academic side of Shri Dadabhai Naoroji was very bright. In 1845 he became a professor of mathematics at Elphinstone College. An English professor here called them ‘India’s hope’. Dadabhai created many organizations. In 1851, the weekly ‘Rast Gaftar’ was started in the Gujarati language. Formed ‘East India Association’ in 1867. Elsewhere he became a professor of Gujarati at the University of London. Came back to India in 1869. Here he was welcomed with a bag of Rs 30,000 and a certificate of honor. Became a member of the Bombay Legislative Council in 1885. Contested for Parliament in 1886 from the ‘Holborn region’ but was unsuccessful. Elected to Parliament in 1886 from the Finsbury area. Wrote the book ‘Poverty and British Rule in India’, which was a great work of his time. In 1886 and 1906, he was made the President of the ‘Indian National Congress. His masterpiece Poverty and Un-British Rule in India is called the ‘Bible of the National Movement’. He was the source of inspiration for Mahatma Gandhi. He is known as the Grand Old Man of India. He was Born on 4 September 1825 in Mumbai.

Bhupendra Nath Datta (4 September 1880 – 26 December 1961), a famous revolutionary, writer, and sociologist of India’s freedom struggle. He was the brother of Swami Vivekananda. Bhupendra Nath Dutt was strongly associated with the ‘Yugantar Movement’ during his youth. He was the editor of ‘Yugantar Patrika’ till his arrest (1907). Bhupendra Nath was also the president of the ‘All India Labour Union’ twice. Bhupendra Nath had his early education in the school established by Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar. He also continued his studies with political activities and obtained his M.A. from America. and Ph.D. from Germany Received degree. He was against caste-line, untouchability, and discrimination against women. He was Born on 4 September 1880 in Kolkata.

Dadulare Vajpayee (4 September 1906 – 11 August 1967), a famous Hindi journalist, critic, litterateur, critic, and editor. He was the editor of ‘Bharat’ for some time. Nanddulare Vajpayee edited ‘Soorsagar’ in ‘Kashi Negri Parchorins Sabha’ and later ‘Ramcharitmanas’ in ‘Gita Press’, Gorakhpur. For some time, he was a teacher in the Hindi department of ‘Banaras Hindu University and for many years he was also the chairman of the Hindi department of ‘Sagar Vishwavidyalaya’. At the time of his death, Nanddulare Vajpayee was the Vice-Chancellor of Vikram Vishwavidyalaya in Ujjain. While editing ‘Sursagar’ and ‘Ramcharitmanas’, Vajpayee Ji made a deep study of Indian history, philosophy, etc. along with medieval devotional poetry and thus linked his thinking with the living tradition. He was Born on 4 September 1906 in Utter Pradesh.

Rishi Kapoor (4 September 1952 – 30 April 2020), an actor in Hindi films. Rishi Kapoor was an Indian film actor, film producer, and director. He has worked as a child artist. He has been honored with the Filmfare Award for Best Actor in 1974 for the film Bobby as well as the Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award in 2008. He received the National Film Award in 1970 for his brilliant role as a child artist in his debut film Mera Naam Joker. Rishi Kapoor is the son of the late Raj Kapoor and grandson of Prithviraj Kapoor. According to tradition, he also followed in the footsteps of his grandfather and father and acted in films, and emerged as a successful actor. He played leading roles as the romantic lead in 92 films between 1973 and 2000. For his performance in Do Dooni Chaar, he was awarded the 2011 Filmfare Critics Award for Best Actor, and his role in Kapoor & Sons. For, he won the 2017 Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actor. He was awarded the Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award in 2008. He was Born on 4 September 1952 in Mumbai.

Read More: 2 September in Indian and World History

Death Anniversary on 4 September

4 September in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:

Mohanlal Vishnu Pandya (1850 – 4 September 1912), a prominent place among the Hindi servicemen of the Bharatendu era. He wrote a book called ‘Raso Protection’. Due to his writings, Mohanlal Vishnu Pandya was nominated as the editor-in-chief of ‘Prithviraj Raso’ to be published from ‘Nagri Pracharini Sabha. When Kaviraja Shyamaldan, in his book named ‘Prithviraj Charitra’, by many evidence forged ‘Prithviraj Raso’, then Mohanlal Vishnu Pandya wrote a book named ‘Raso protection’ in its refutation. He said that – “The samvat given in the Raso, which falls 90-91 years behind the historical eras, must have been a special reason.” Mohanlal Vishnu Pandya edited ‘Prithviraj Raso’ in twenty-two volumes. Babu Shyamsunder Das and Krishnadas were his assistants in the editing of Raso. He died on 4 September 1912.

Dr. Dharamvir Bharati (25 December 1926 – 4 September 1997), a prominent writer, poet, playwright, and social thinker of modern Hindi literature. He was also the editor-in-chief of the weekly magazine ‘Dharmyug’. Dr. Dharamvir Bharti was awarded the Padma Shri in 1972. His novel ‘Gunahon Ka Devta’ is evergreen in the history of Hindi literature. He got many awards from Padma Shri, Haldighati Best Journalism Award, Vyas Samman, Sahitya Akademi Ratna Membership, and Sangeet Natak Akademi Award. Dharamvir Bharti was the editor-in-chief of the weekly magazine ‘Dharmyug’. His novel ‘Gunahon Ka Devta’ is considered to be evergreen in the history of Hindi literature. He died on 4 September 1997.

Read More: 1 September in Indian and World History

Notable events on 4 September in Indian and World History

Some of the Notable events on 4 September in World History are mentioned below:

4 September 1888 – Mahatma Gandhi embarked on a sea voyage to England.

4 September 1906 – Max Delbruck, a German-American biophysicist, and Nobel Prize Laureate, was born.

4 September 1913 – Stanford Moore an American biochemist, and Nobel Prize Laureate, was born.

4 September 1934 – Clive Granger a British economist, and Nobel Prize Laureate, was born.

4 September 1946 – An interim government was formed in India on this day.

4 September 1967 – Kayna Dam in Maharashtra came under the grip of a 6.5 magnitude earthquake, more than 200 people died.

4 September 1985 – After 73 years, pictures of the ship Titanic sunk in the sea were revealed. The Titanic crash killed 1,500 people aboard the ship.

4 September 2008 – The Union Cabinet approved a proposal to amend the recommendations of the Delimitation Commission regarding re-delimitation of constituencies in seven states.

4 September 2009 – Coal company SCCL was given the autonomy of Mini Ratna Company.

4 September 2009 – The Gujarat High Court lifted the ban on Aswan Singh’s book on Muhammad Ali Jinnah in Gujarat.

4 September 2012 – Girish Hosangara Nagaraje Gowda won India’s first medal in the Paralympic Games.

4 September Historical Significance

The 4th of September holds a rich tapestry of historical events that have shaped the world in various ways. On this day in 476 AD, the Western Roman Empire came to an end when Romulus Augustulus, the last emperor, was deposed by Odoacer, marking a pivotal point in ancient history. Centuries later, in 1781, the city of Los Angeles was founded by Spanish settlers, which would grow to become a major cultural and economic hub in the United States. The date also marks the discovery of Manhattan by Henry Hudson in 1609, an event that would lead to the establishment of New York City, one of the world’s most influential cities. In the realm of science, September 4th saw the birth of notable figures like Max Delbrück, a Nobel Prize-winning biophysicist, contributing immensely to the field of genetics. Each event, whether a beginning, an end, or a discovery, has contributed to the intricate historical narrative that continues to influence our present and future.

Important Days of 4 September in History

Some of the Notable events on 4 September in History are mentioned below:

  • Labor Day (United States): A day dedicated to honoring and recognizing the American labor movement and the works and contributions of laborers to the development and achievements of the United States.
  • National Wildlife Day (United States): An opportunity to acknowledge the diverse and unique wildlife, as well as the conservation and preservation efforts to protect natural habitats and endangered species.
  • National Macadamia Nut Day (United States): A celebration of the macadamia nut, often enjoyed as a snack or used in various recipes, highlighting its nutritional benefits and culinary versatility.
  • Eat an Extra Dessert Day (United States): A light-hearted observance encouraging people to indulge in an additional dessert, celebrating the joys and sweetness that desserts bring to our lives.