11 November in Indian and World History

OV Digital Desk

11 November in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 11 November is the birth anniversary of Anasuya Sarabhai, Maulana Abul Kalam Muhiuddin Ahmed, Jivatram Bhagwandas Kripalani, and Kailash Bajpai.

11 November is also observed as the death anniversary of Devaki Kumar Bose.

Birth Anniversary on 11 November

11 November in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:

Anasuya Sarabhai (11 November 1885 – 1972), was a noted social activist and a pioneer of the women’s labor movement in India. He founded Mazdoor Mahajan Sangh in Ahmedabad in 1920, which is the oldest union of textile workers in India. In 1920, he founded Mazdoor Mahajan Sangh, which is the oldest union of textile workers in India. Who was from a wealthy family of industrialists and business people? After returning to India after studying in London, he started working for the betterment of the poor. He saw the pathetic condition of the women mill workers returning home exhausted after finishing the 36-hour shift, after which they decided to launch a labor movement. In 1918, she helped organize the textile workers in the strike and was involved in the month-long strike. She was Born on 11 November 1885 in Gujrat.

Maulana Abul Kalam Muhiuddin Ahmed (11 November 1888 – 22 February 1958), was a Muslim scholar. He participated in the Indian freedom struggle. He was a senior political leader. He supported Hindu-Muslim unity and opposed the partition of the country based on communalism. He was the first Education Minister of the Government of India in independent India. He is popularly known as ‘Maulana Azad’. ‘Azad’ is his surname. India Wins Freedom i.e. victory of India’s freedom, Translation of Quran Sharif from Arabic to Urdu, Tarjuman-e-Quran, Ghubare-e-Khatir, Hijr-o-Wasal, Khatbat-l-Azad, Our Freedom and Takara. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Trophy was introduced in 1956-1957. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Trophy is Chal Vaijati (Rolling Trophy). It is awarded to the best overall performing university in inter-university tournaments. A replica of the trophy is also given to the university that has regained the Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Trophy. In addition, the University is given a cash prize of Rs.10 lakh. The university that comes second in the competition is given a cash prize of Rs.5 lakh and the third-place winner is given a cash prize of Rs.3 lakh. Maulana was Born on 11 November 1888.

Jivatram Bhagwandas Kripalani (11 November 1888 – 19 March 1982), an Indian freedom fighter and politician. He started his professional career as a teacher. He had close contact with the Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi. He had also been the principal of ‘Gujarat Vidyapeeth’, since then he was called ‘Acharya Kripalani’. Kripalani ji was a constant ally of Gandhiji for the salvation of Harijans. He was also the General Secretary of the ‘All India National Congress’ and President of the Meerut Congress of 1946. His wife Sucheta Kriplani was also the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh. After 1927, the life of Acharya Kripalani was completely spent in the freedom struggle and furthering the creative tendencies of Gandhiji. He also established an institution called ‘Gandhi Ashram’ in Uttar Pradesh to revive Khadi and village industries. He did M.A. He received his education from ‘Ferguson College’ in Pune, which was founded by Lokmanya Tilak and his associates. Kripalani started his professional career as a teacher. From 1912 to 1917, he was a Professor of English and History at Muzaffarpur College, Bihar. He was Born on 11 November 1888 in Hyderabad.

Kailash Bajpai (11 November 1936 – 1 April 2015), is a well-known Hindi litterateur. He has been honored with many honors including Sahitya Akademi. Kailash Bajpai also wrote a column for the daily newspaper Amar Ujala. He was a ‘philosophical mood’ poet on whom the deep influence of Indian monism and Buddhist philosophy can be targeted. He also changed the craft of poetry. His poems have been translated into many languages. He had also presented poems in international forums. For Delhi Doordarshan, Kailash Bajpai did Kabir, Haridas Swami, and Surdas, J. Made films on Krishnamurti, Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, and the life philosophy of Buddha. He was Born on 11 November 1936 in Utter Pradesh.

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Death Anniversary on 11 November

11 November in Indian history is celebrated as the death anniversary of the following personalities:

Devaki Kumar Bose (25 November 1898 – 11 November 1971), the most imaginative film director of the theaters era, followed the ‘silent era’ in the history of Indian cinema. He was an amazing master of sound and music. This is the reason that the melody of music is scattered in all the films directed by him. Rai Chand Boral composed music for most of his films. Devaki Bose was the first Bengali film director who combined ‘Rabindra Sangeet’ with ‘Indian classical music to create a wonderful sonic melody in films. If Devaki Bose had not joined ‘New Theatres’, it was possible that ‘New Theatres’ would not have had the fame it is today. Devaki Bose was the first Bengali film director to create a wonderful sonic melody in films by combining ‘Rabindra Sangeet’ with ‘Indian classical music. He died on 11 November 1971.

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Notable events on 11 November in Indian and World History

11 November 1675 – Guru Gobind Singh was appointed Guru of the Sikhs.

11 November 1864 Alfred Hermann Fried, an Austrian pacifist, and Nobel Prize Laureate, was born.

11 November 1907 – Débora Arango a trailblazing Colombian artist known for her unapologetic and provocative artworks that challenged societal norms and advocated for social justice, was born.

11 November 1936 – Kailash Vajpeyi, an eminent Indian poet, literary critic, and cultural theorist, writer, was born.

11 November 1956 – The state of Madhya Pradesh was formed based on language.

11 November 1956 – The capital Delhi became a Union Territory.

11 November 1966 – The American space agency NASA launched the spacecraft ‘Gemini-12’.

11 November 1966 – Haryana state was formed by separating it from Punjab.

11 November 1973 – Mysore has renamed Karnataka on this day.

11 November 1973 – The first International Postage Stamp Exhibition started in New Delhi.

11 November 1994Kuppali Venkatappa Puttappa, an Indian poet, playwright, novelist and critic, died.

11 November 2004 Yasser Arafat, a Palestinian political leader, and Nobel Prize Laureate, died.

11 November 2021 – Frederik Willem de Klerk a South African politician, and Nobel Prize Laureate, died.

11 November Historical Significance

November 11 holds significant historical importance for several reasons. It is observed as Veterans Day in the United States, honoring military veterans who have served in the U.S. Armed Forces. The date marks the armistice that ended World War I, known as Armistice Day in many countries, including the UK, France, and Belgium. This armistice, signed on November 11, 1918, brought an end to the fighting on the Western Front of World War I, making it a symbol of peace and remembrance for those who lost their lives in the conflict. In addition to its association with the end of World War I, November 11 is also recognized as Remembrance Day in Commonwealth countries, commemorating the sacrifices of members of the armed forces and civilians in times of war. Throughout history, November 11 has served as a day for reflection, honoring the bravery and sacrifices of those who have served their countries.

Important Days of 11 November in History

Angola Independence Day: also known as National Heroes Day, is celebrated on November 11th each year. This significant national holiday commemorates the country’s independence from Portuguese colonial rule. Angola, located in southwestern Africa, gained its independence on November 11, 1975, after years of struggle and resistance against colonial forces.

National Independence Day: (Polish: Narodowe Święto Niepodległości) is a national day in Poland celebrated on 11 November to commemorate the anniversary of the restoration of Poland’s sovereignty as the Second Polish Republic in 1918 from the German, Austro-Hungarian and Russian Empires. Following the partitions in the late 18th century, Poland ceased to exist for 123 years until the end of World War I, when the destruction of the neighboring powers allowed the country to reemerge. It is a non-working day and a flag-flying day in Poland.

Veterans Day (United States): Originally known as Armistice Day, this holiday commemorates the end of World War I and honors military veterans who have served in the United States Armed Forces.

Remembrance Day (Commonwealth countries): Similar to Veterans Day, Remembrance Day is observed in Commonwealth countries to honor the members of the armed forces who have died in the line of duty since World War I. It is marked by ceremonies and the wearing of poppies as a symbol of remembrance.

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