Yashwantrao Chavan was an Indian Politician and writer. He was the first chief Minister of Maharashtra.
He was born on 12 March 1913, Maharashtra, India. After completing his high school education from Tilak High school Karad. In 1938, he completed his B.A degree in History and Political Science from University of Bombay. In 1941, He received his Law Degree from the Law college at Pune.
During his college year, He engaged in many social activities and was strongly associated with the Congress party and its leaders, such as Jawaharlal Nehru, Sardar Patel, and Keshavrao Jedhe. In 1940, He became the President of Satara district Congress.
In 1930, he participated in Civil Disobedience Movement of Gandhi and in 1932, he was arrested and sent to jail for 18 Month for flying an Indian national flag in Satara.
In 1942, He also involved on Quit India Movement. He arrested for his participation in the movement and spent two years om Jail. And In 1944, he released from jail. Thus, he was an Integral part of Congress Party.
In 1946, He firstly elected for Member of Legislative Assembly of the Bombay State from the South Satara constituency. In the same year, he was appointed as parliamentary secretary to Morarji Desai, then the home minister.
In 1952, he was reelected to the state assembly and was appointed minister of civil supplies, social welfare, and forests by Morarji Desai. From 1957 to 1960 he also served on the All-India Congress Working Committee.
On 1 May 1960, He became the Chief Minister of Maharashtra.
In 1962, when military loss in its brief border conflict with China, He was taken into the national government as the defense minister in the cabinet of Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. He also continued the post in the Lal Bahadur Shastri Government and oversaw the war with Pakistan in the Kashmir.
In 1966, He was appointed as the home minister in the cabinet of Indira Gandhi. After some year, He subsequently became the finance minister, in 1970, and then the foreign minister in 1974. In 1975, an Internal State of Emergency was declared in India by the Indira Gandhi Government, Chavan sided with Indira Gandhi.
In 1977, Lok Sabha elections held, and congress lose the election. And split into two parties, namely Congress (Indira) and Congress (Urs). Chavan decided to move away from Indira Gandhi party.
In 1979, Chavan was appointed as Home Minister and Deputy Prime Minister of India in the short-lived cabinet of Prime Minister Charan Singh.
In the election of 1980, Congress won, and Indira Gandhi again became the Prime Minister of India. In 1981, Chavan was allowed to return to the Indira-led Congress after a six month wait. In 1982, he was appointed the Chairperson of the 8th Finance Commission of India.
He died on 25 November 1984 in Delhi, due to a Heart attack.