9 September in Indian and World History

9 September in Indian and World History

9 September in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons.1 September is the birth anniversary of Bharatendra Harishchandra, Leela Chitnis, Akshay Kumar, and Captain Vikram Batra.

9 September is also observed as the death anniversary of  Ananda Kumaraswamy, Ramvriksh Benipuri, and Dr. Verghese Kurien.

Birth Anniversary

9 September in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:

Bharatendra Harishchandra (9 September 1850 – 6 January 1885), is called the father of modern Hindi literature. Bharatendu was the first author of modernity in Hindi. When Bharatendu Harishchandra appeared, the country was in the chains of slavery. English was at its zenith under British rule. All the work related to the governance system was done in English only. The Indian people had a fascination for foreign civilization. Under British rule, people considered it a matter of pride to read and understand English. There was less attraction among the people towards Hindi, because the policy of English was affecting our literature badly. We were forced to live a life of slavery. Our culture was being played with. When Babu Harishchandra was incarnated in such an environment, he first thought about the condition of the society and the country and then exposed the foreign rule through his writings. Bharatendu ji used to compose in different languages, but he had extraordinary authority over Brajbhasha. In this language, he has shown amazing beauty. His literature was love because he has published his ‘Sapta Sangrah’ only about love. He was Born on 9 September 1850 in Uttar Pradesh.

Leela Chitnis (9 September 1909 – 14 July 2003), a famous Hindi film actress. Leela Chitnis acted for 52 years and was the heroine of Ashok Kumar, then later she appeared in several films as the mother of Dilip Kumar, Raj Kapoor and Dev Anand. Apart from acting, Leela Chitnis also produced and directed the film ‘Aaj Ki Baat’ (1955). Apart from acting, Leela Chitnis also produced and directed the film Aaj Ki Baat (1955). Leela Chitnis had to prove her mettle in the studio of a rare, beautiful lady like Devika Rani along with her beloved hero Ashok Kumar. Devika Rani was a tough administrator. Playing the mother of the actors who were once their protagonists after being displaced by newcomers from girlfriend roles was not an easy journey. Leela Chitnis never got involved in any controversy in her long innings. She was Born on 9 September 1909 in Karnataka.

Akshay Kumar, is an Indian-born naturalized Canadian Bollywood film actor. He has worked in more than 145 Hindi films. In the 90s. for starring in hit action films such as Khiladi (1992), Mohra (1994), and Sabse Bada Khiladi (1995), Kumar was referred to as the action hero of Bollywood and was notably the “Khiladi”. series”. Nevertheless, he was honored for his performances in romantic films such as Yeh Dillagi (1994) and Dhadkan (2000) as well as dramatic films such as Ek Rishta (2001). Keen to change his image, Akshay Kumar mostly did comedy films.  Comedy performances in the films Hera Pheri (2002), Mujhse Shaadi Karogi (2004), Garam Masala (2005), and Jaan-E-Mann (2006) He was praised by film critics for in 2007, he reached the heights of success when four consecutive commercial films starring him became a hit. In this way, he established himself as a leading actor in the Hindi film industry. During his stay in Bollywood, Kumar’s name was associated with several actresses he worked with such as Raveena Tandon, Rekha, and Shilpa Shetty. After being engaged twice to Twinkle Khanna, daughter of well-known actors Rajesh Khanna and Dimple Kapadia, they finally got married on 14 January 2001. Their son’s name is Aarav who was born on 15 September 2002. He was Born on 9 September 1967 in Panjab.

Captain Vikram Batra (09 September 1974 – 07 July 1999) was an officer of the Indian Army who attained martyrdom in the Kargil War while displaying unprecedented gallantry. He was posthumously awarded the Param Vir Chakra, India’s highest gallantry award. After graduating in science, Vikram got selected in the army through CDS. In July 1996, he joined the Indian Military Academy, Dehradun. On completion of training in December 1997, he was appointed as a lieutenant in the 13 Jammu and Kashmir Rifles of the Army on 6 December 1997 at a place called Sopore in Jammu. He also took several pieces of training in 1999 along with commando training. On 1 June 1999, his contingent was sent to the Kargil War. After conquering Hump and Raki Nab places, Vikram was made Captain. After this, the responsibility of freeing the most important 5140 peaks just above the Srinagar-Leh Road was given to Captain Batra’s contingent. Captain Batra, with his company, moved towards this area from the east side, and without even noticing the enemy, reached within his strike distance. Captain Batra reorganized his squad and led them to attack the enemy positions directly. Leading the squad at the forefront, he fiercely attacked the enemy and killed four of them in a close-knit fight. Despite being a very inaccessible area, Vikram Batra along with his comrades took possession of this peak at 3.30 am on 20th June 1999. If he said ‘peacock’, his name was covered not only in the army but in the whole of India. During this time, along with the code name of Vikram, he was also given the name of ‘Lion of Kargil’. The next day the photo of Vikram Batra and his team with the Indian flag in peak 5140 came in the media. Staying at the fore, he mobilized his fellow men and motivated the attack, and accomplished an almost impossible military task in the face of heavy enemy fire. Without caring for his life, he along with his comrades, including Lieutenant Anuj Nayar, killed many Pakistani soldiers. But due to the wounds, this officer got Veergati. Staying at the fore, he mobilized his fellow men and motivated the attack, and accomplished an almost impossible military task in the face of heavy enemy fire. Without caring for his life, he along with his comrades, including Lieutenant Anuj Nayar, killed many Pakistani soldiers. But due to the wounds, this officer got Veergati. He was Born on 9 September 1975 in Himachal Pradesh.

Read More: 5 September in Indian and World History

Death Anniversary

9 September in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:

Ananda Kumaraswamy (22 August 1877 – 9 September 1947), an eminent Indian thinker. He was born on August 22, 1877, in Kolupitya Colombo (Sri Lanka). His father Sir Mutukumar Swami was the first Hindu to go to England and pass the barrister. There he married an English woman named Elizabeth Clay. After four years of marriage, when Kumaraswamy was only two years old, his father died. He was brought up by an English mother. In 1917, he was appointed the chairman of the Indian Department of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, and remained in that post until his death. He also established the ‘Indian Culture Center’ in New York. He traveled to India and Southeast Asia to study ancient sculptures and paintings. He was rich in versatility. He showed his originality in the search for religion, philosophy, alchemy, sculpture and painting, Indian literature, Islamic art, music, science in all fields. One of his special contributions in the formulation of the essence of the Upanishads in the context of art. He died on 9 September 1877.

Ramvriksh Benipuri (23 December 1899 – 9 September 1968), an Indian novelist, story writer, essayist, and playwright. He is also indescribable as a great thinker, thinker, contemplative revolutionary, litterateur, journalist, and editor. Benipuri Ji was a famous litterateur of the ‘Shuklotttar era’ of Hindi literature. He was also a true patriot and revolutionary. He spent eight years in jail in the ‘Indian Freedom Struggle’. Apart from being a journalist of Hindi literature, he also brought out many newspapers, such as ‘Yuvak’ (1929), etc. Apart from this, he has also involved in many nationalists and freedom struggle-related works. Ramvriksha Benipuri’s soul was full of national spirit, he had spent eight years in jail in the ‘Indian Freedom Struggle’. You were also elected a member of the Bihar Legislative Assembly in 1957. Following the ideal of simple living and high thinking, he did a lot of work in the field of social service. He died on 23 December 1899.

Dr. Verghese Kurien (26 November 1921 – 9 September 2012), a renowned Indian social entrepreneur and known as the ‘Father of the White Revolution’ for his ‘Billion Liter Idea’ (Operation Flood) – the world’s largest agricultural development program – are still famous for today. This operation gave India more progress than America in 1998 and made it the largest producer of milk from a milk deficient country. Dairy farming became the largest self-sustaining industry in India. By taking over, he gave India self-reliance in the field of edible oils. An important achievement of Amul was that they made available powder of buffalo milk instead of a cow in major milk-producing countries. As a result of Amul’s achievements, then Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri appointed him as the founding chairman of the National Dairy Development Board in 1965 so that he could replicate Amul’s “Anand Model” nationwide. One of the greatest supporters of the cooperative movement in the world Dr. Kurien has brought millions of people out of poverty not only in India but in other countries. Dr. Kurien was honored with several awards including the Padma Vibhushan (India’s second-highest civilian honor), the World Food Prize, and the Magsaysay Award for Community Leadership. He was known as the Father of the White Revolution. He died on 9 September 2012.

Read More: 4 September in Indian and World History

Notable events on 9 September in Indian and World history

9 September 1791 – The capital of America was named Washington after President George Washington.

9 September 1791 – The capital of the United States is Washington DC. Named after President George Washington on this day.

9 September 1915 – Conflict between the famous Indian revolutionary Jatindranath Sanyal and the British in Kaptewada, Orissa.

9 September 1920 – Aligarh was transformed into the Anglo-Oriental College Aligarh Muslim University.

9 September 2008 – The Supreme Court, the CBI Justice Nirmal Yadav, and Nirmal Jeet Kaur, two judges of the Punjab and Haryana High Court, were allowed to be interrogated in a bribery case of Rs 15 lakh.

9 September 2009 – The Ministry of Railways announced the introduction of a biometric identification system for its employees on the lines of the Ministry of Home Affairs.

9 September 2011 – Paleontologists have unearthed a relic. It is the oldest ancestor of man which was found on earth about 2 million years ago. It looks like a monkey and its name is ‘Australopithecine sidebar.

9 September 2012 – On this day, the Indian Space Agency put the heaviest foreign satellite into orbit.

 

 

 

 

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