5 September in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons.1 September is the birth anniversary of Chidambaram Pillai, Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, Vachaspati Pathak, and Laxminarayan Ramdas.
5 September is also observed as the death anniversary of Neerja Bhanot, and Mother Teresa.
5 September in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:
Chidambaram Pillai (5 September 1872 – 3 November 1936), a Tamil language scholar and noted social reformer. His commentary on the famous Tamil text ‘Tirukural’ became incredibly famous. Chidambaram Pillai propagated Swadeshi in the movement against ‘Bang-Bhang’ and played an important role in motivating the people against the foreign government. Chidambaram Pillai was sentenced to life imprisonment by the British government after declaring him a traitor. Chidambaram Pillai propagated Swadeshi in the movement against ‘Bang-Bhang’ and played an important role in motivating the people against the foreign government. He was Born on 5 September 1872 in Tamil Nadu.
Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (5 September 1888 – 17 April 1975), the first Vice President and second President of independent India. He carried forward the glorious tradition of Dr. Rajendra Prasad. His tenure lasted from May 13, 1962, to May 13, 1967. His name is included in the first line of the great Presidents of India. The entire nation will always be indebted to him for his personality and creativity. Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was born on 5 September 1888 in Tiruttani village, Tamil Nadu. His birthday, 5 September, is still celebrated by the whole nation as ‘Teacher’s Day. Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was a scholar of Indian culture, a great educationist, a great philosopher, a great speaker as well as a scientific Hindu thinker. Dr. Radhakrishnan spent 40 years of his life as a teacher. He was an ideal teacher. He also became the Vice President of India. Radhakrishnan did many important works in the philosophical world. In 1925, he wrote ‘Indian Philosophy of Rabindranath Tagore’, ‘The Rain of Religion in Contemporary Philosophy, ‘Contemporary Indian Philosophy’ ‘Eastern Religion and Western Thought’ etc. He was Born on 5 September 1888 in Tamil Nadu.
Vachaspati Pathak (5 September 1905 – 19 November 1980), is named after famous novelists. He gained special popularity with the story ‘Kaagaz Ki Topi’. Vachaspati Pathak was not only an important story writer of his time but also a notable editor. He made his mark as an active warrior of the literary movement. After independence, when the ‘All India Hindi Publishers Association’ was established in Delhi, Pathak was also made its convener. He was Born on 5 September 1905 in Utter Pradesh.
Laxminarayan Ramdas is an Indian recipient of the 2004 Ramon Magsaysay Award for international peacekeeping. The partition of the country after India’s independence had created an unbroken atmosphere of animosity and unrest between India and the newly formed country of Pakistan. The issue of Kashmir also fueled this situation and the relations between the two countries could not be normalized. Unrest and mutual animosity increased. The separation of Bangladesh from Pakistan also deepened this tension. In this way the bitter relations between India and Pakistan politically affected the peace of both the countries. In such a situation, Abdur Rahman of Pakistan and Laxminarayan Ramdas of India, contractually formed the ‘Pakistan India Forum for Peace and Democracy in the interest of both the countries and forgetting the political discrimination between the two countries, started working towards creating peace and democracy. For this joint effort of these two, which was a step to maintain peace at the international level, both of them were jointly awarded the ‘Magsaysay Award’ for the year 2004. In 1990, Laxminarayan Ramdas was progressively promoted to the rank of Chief of the Indian Navy. He got this good fortune on November 30, 1990. He was Born on 5 September 1933 in Mumbai.
Read More: 4 September in Indian and World History
5 September in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:
Neerja Bhanot (7 September 1963 – 5 September 1986), a flight attendant for Pan Am Airlines in Mumbai. She was shot by terrorists while assisting and protecting passengers on the hijacked Pan Am Flight 73 from Mumbai to New York on 5 September 1986. For his bravery, he was posthumously honoured by the Government of India with its highest peacetime gallantry award, the Ashok Chakra, and the Government of Pakistan and the US Government have also honoured him for this gallantry. A film was also made based on his story in 2016, in which Sonam Kapoor played his character. If she wanted, she could have jumped out herself as soon as she opened the door, but by not doing so, she tried to get the passengers out first. While taking out three children in the same effort, when a terrorist tried to shoot at the children, Neerja died due to a barrage of bullets from that terrorist. This heroic self-sacrifice of Neerja earned her international fame as the Heroine of Hijack. Neerja was posthumously awarded the Ashok Chakra, which is India’s highest peacetime gallantry award, by the Government of India for her valour and courage. Neerja Bhanot was 23 years old at the time of her martyrdom. Thus, she became the first woman and the youngest citizen to receive this medal. She died on 5 September 1986.
Mother Teresa (26 August 1910 – 5 September 1997), christened Saint Teresa of Calcutta by the Roman Catholic Church, was born in an Albanian family by the name of Anyeze Gonza Boyajiu in Uskub, Ottoman Empire (present-day Skopje, Republic of Macedonia) Happened in. Mother Teresa was a Roman Catholic nun who voluntarily took Indian citizenship in 1948. In 1981, Avesh changed her name to Teresa and took the pledge of lifelong service. She herself has written – It was 10th September 1940 when I was going to Darjeeling on my annual leave. At that time a voice arose from my conscience that I should renounce everything and dedicate my life to the poor body by serving God and the poor Narayan. Mother Teresa has been honoured with various awards and honours for her services. In 1931 he was awarded the Pope John XXIII Peace Prize and the Templeton Foundation Prize for the Advancement of Religion. Visva-Bharati Vidyalaya gave him the Deshikottam title, which is the highest title given by him. The Catholic University of America honoured him with a doctorate degree. He received the title of ‘Padma Shri’ by the Government of India in 1962. Awarded the title ‘Eyer of the British Empire’ by Britain in 1988. She died on 5 September 1997.
Read More: 2 September in Indian and World History
Notable events on 5 September in Indian and World History
5 September 1947 – Corky Lee – a Chinese-American activist, community organizer, photographer, journalist – was born.
5 September 1987 – American tennis player John McIlroy was fined $17,500 for his statement.
5 September 1991 – Nelson Mandela was elected President of the African National Congress.
5 September 1991 – Fahrelnissa Zeid, a Turkish artist, died.
5 September 1997 – The International Olympic Committee decided to organize the 2004 Summer Olympic Games in Athens.
5 September 2005 – Mandala Airlines flight 091 crashed in Indonesia in a residential area in Sumatra, killing 104 people on board and 39 people in the residential area.
5 September 2008 – A delegation of the Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers (SIAM), led by Ratan Tata, presented to Prime Minister Manmohan Singh.
5 September 2011 – The technical system for clearing checks through ATMs developed by the Indian Banks’ Association and the National Payments Corporation of India was finalized.
5 September 2011 – At least 15 people were killed and 43 missing in a powerful storm that hit Japan’s Shikoku Island.
5 September 2014 – According to an estimate by the World Health Organization, in Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, Senegal, and Sierra Leone, 1900 out of 3500 people infected with the Ebola virus died.
This is celebrated Teachers’ Day for the appreciation of teachers and may include celebrations to honour them for their special contributions in a particular field area, or the community in general. In India, the birthday of the second president Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan on 5 September is celebrated as Teachers’ Day since 1962 and Guru Purnima has traditionally been observed as a day to venerate teachers by Hindus. Many countries celebrate their Teachers’ Day on 5 October in conjunction with World Teachers’ Day, which was established by UNESCO in 1994.