Jan Tinbergen (12 April 1903 – 9 June 1994) was a Dutch economist and one of the pioneers of econometrics. He was awarded the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences in 1969.

Life and Career

He was born on 12 April 1903, in the Netherlands. He received his education in economics and mathematics at the University of Leiden in the Netherlands. He completed his undergraduate degree in 1929 and went on to earn his doctorate in economics in 1933.

After completing his studies, he worked at the Dutch Central Bureau of Statistics and the Netherlands Economic Institute. During World War II, he served as a consultant to the Dutch government-in-exile in London.

In 1945, Tinbergen became a professor of economics at the Netherlands School of Economics, which later became part of Erasmus University Rotterdam. He also held positions at the United Nations, the International Labour Organization, and the Cowles Commission for Research in Economics at the University of Chicago.


He developed econometric models, which are statistical models used to analyze economic data. He was one of the pioneers in the use of econometrics to understand economic phenomena. His work helped establish econometrics as a field of study.

His work also focused on macroeconomic policy, particularly in the areas of fiscal and monetary policy. He developed models that could be used to analyze the effects of policy changes on the economy. His work helped establish the importance of macroeconomic policy in stabilizing the economy.

Then, he developed the concept of the Tinbergen Rule, which states that in order to achieve a desired policy outcome, there must be at least as many policy instruments as there are policy objectives. This rule has been influential in the development of macroeconomic policy.


He died on 9 June 1994, in the Netherlands.

Award and Legacy

He was the first person to receive the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences in 1969 for his work in the field of econometrics and his contributions to the study of macroeconomic policy.

He was also awarded the Order of the Netherlands Lion and the French Legion of Honor for his contributions to economics.

His legacy is significant, as he was one of the pioneers of econometrics, a field that has become essential to modern economics. He developed econometric models that have been used to analyze economic data and make predictions about economic behavior.


Overall, Jan Tinbergen’s contributions to economics have had a lasting impact on the field. His work helped establish econometrics and macroeconomic policy as key areas of study, and his ideas continue to be influential today.

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