23 July in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 23 July is the birth anniversary of Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Pandit Chandrashekhar Azad, Himesh Reshammiya, and Tarasankar Bandyopadhyay.

23 July is also observed as the death anniversary of Laxman Prasad Dubey, Captain Lakshmi Sahgal, and Syed Haider Raza.


Birth Anniversary


23 July in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:

Bal Gangadhar Tilak (23 July 1856 – 1 August 1920) was a scholar, mathematician, philosopher, and radical nationalist who helped lay the foundation of India’s independence. He founded the ‘Indian Home Rule League’ in the year 1914 and was its president in 1916 signing the Lucknow Pact with Muhammad Ali Jinnah. He started the work of awakening the political consciousness of the people through two weekly newspapers, Kesari in Marathi and The Maratha in English.

Tilak’s views were a bit more extreme for the moderate party of the Indian National Congress. His prominent slogan was “Swaraj is our birthright and I will have it.”  Taking a resolution to use his free time for some good work, he devoted it to the reading of his favourite books Bhagavad Gita and Rigveda.


Pandit Chandrashekhar Azad (23 July 1906 – 27 February 1931), a famous revolutionary of the Indian freedom struggle. 17-year-old Chandrashekhar Azad joined the revolutionary party ‘Hindustan Republican Association’. He took an active part in the famous ‘Kakori Kand’ and escaped throwing dust in the eyes of the police. When Mahatma Gandhi started the non-cooperation movement in 1921, he made an active contribution to it. Chandrashekhar Azad was the first to participate in “Kakori dacoity” in any major campaign. Under the successful leadership of Chandrashekhar Azad, Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt detonated a bomb in the Central Assembly of Delhi on April 8, 1929. On February 27, 1931, in the form of Chandrashekhar Azad, a great revolutionary warrior of the country who sacrificed his life for the freedom of the country, was martyred. While paying tribute to him, the following are the statements of some great personalities- I am saddened by the death of Chandrashekhar. Such persons are born only once in an era. Yet we must protest non-violently. – Mahatma Gandhi. Azad was Bron on 23 July 1906 in Madhya Pradesh in India.

Himesh Reshammiya, an Indian playback singer, music director, songwriter, producer, and actor in Bollywood. Himesh Reshammiya started his career as music director in the film Pyaar Kiya To Darna Kya in 1998 and made his acting debut with the film Aap Kaa Surroor in 2007. Reshammiya began producing TV series such as Andaz, Ahha, Aman, Aashiqui, Amar Prem, and Jaan on Zee TV. He also composed title tracks for some of these shows. He was Bron on 23 July 1973 in India.

Tarasankar Bandyopadhyay (23 July 1898 – 14 September 1971), an Indian novelist who wrote in the Bengali language. Bandyopadhyay wrote 65 novels, 53-storybooks, 12 plays, 4 essay books, 4 autobiographies, 2 travel stories, and composed several songs. He was awarded Rabindra Puraskar, Sahitya Akademi Award, Jnanpith Award, Padma Shri, and Padma Bhushan. Tarasankar mainly flourished during the war years, having produced in that period a large number of novels and short stories. He was born on 23 July 1898 in India.



Read More: 22 July in Indian and World History

Death Anniversary

23 July in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:

Laxman Prasad Dubey (9 June 1909 – 23 July 1993), the freedom fighters of India. Lakshman Prasad Dubey, who considered his teaching duty as his spiritual practice, had spent his entire life as a teacher, due to which he was known as ‘Guruji’. Laxman Prasad Ji was a strong advocate of women’s freedom and women’s education in the country. Narsingh Prasad Agrawal jihad handed over the complete outline and documentary work of the Jungle Satyagraha held in village Podi of Balod. He had joined the Durg District Congress in 1930. He served as an executive member of the District Congress from 1942 to 1947. He was an active member of the District Congress till his death on 23 July 1993.

Captain Lakshmi Sahgal (24 October 1914 – 23 July 2012), a great freedom fighter and officer of the Azad Hind Fauj. She was the Minister of Women’s Affairs in the Azad Hind government. While in the army shoulder to shoulder with Subhash Chandra Bose, Lakshmi Sehgal did many commendable works. Nako was entrusted with a difficult responsibility. The responsibility on his shoulders was to inspire women to join the army and enlist them in the army. Laxmi Sehgal carried out this responsibility very well. In the time when it was considered a crime to evict women from the house, at that time, he created an army of 500 women, the first wing of its kind in Asia. According to Subhashini, Captain Dr. Sehgal was associated with communist ideology and always talked about communism, in view of his important contribution and struggle in the Tantra movement, she was awarded the President of India K. R. Narayanan was awarded the Padma Vibhushan. Sahgal died on 23 July 2012.

Syed Haider Raza (22 February 1922 – 23 July 2016), an eminent painter. His main paintings are landscapes mostly in oil or acrylic, with high use of color and replete with signs of Indian cosmology as well as its philosophy. In June 2010, one of his paintings was sold for 16.42 crores, which was very much discussed. He got many awards including ‘Padma Shri’ (1981), ‘Kalidas Samman’ (1981), ‘Padma Bhushan’ (2007), ‘Prix de la Critic’ etc. He died on 23 July 2016.


Read More: 21 July in Indian and World History

Notable events on 23 July in Indian and World history

23 July 1555 – The Mughal ruler Humayun reached Delhi after defeating Sikandar Suri at Sirhind.

23 July 1906 – Vladimir Prelog, a Croatian-Swiss organic chemist, and Nobel Prize Laureate, was born.

23 July 1914 – Austria-Hungary gave an ultimatum to Serbia after the assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand. After this, the First World War started.

23 July 1916 – William Ramsay, a Scottish chemist, and Nobel Prize Laureate, died.

23 July 1927 – Regular radio broadcasting in India started from Mumbai.

23 July 1955 – Cordell Hull, an American politician, and Nobel Prize Laureate, died.

23 July 1968 – Henry Hallett Dale, an English pharmacologist, and Nobel Prize Laureate, died.

23 July 1998 – NO. the US ordered seven Indian scientists to leave the country.

23 July 2011 – US-led NATO forces claimed to have killed 50 infiltrators in a military operation in eastern Afghanistan.

23 July 2012 – 03 people were killed in a series of attacks in Iraq.

23 July 2021 – Steven Weinberg, a renowned American physicist, died.






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