12 April: Songkran Festival and its Significance

OV Digital Desk
3 Min Read
Songkran Festival

Songkran Festival, also known as Thai New Year or Water Festival, is a traditional festival celebrated in Thailand and some other parts of Southeast Asia. It is observed annually from April 13 to April 15, marking the beginning of the Thai lunar calendar year. The festival is known for its exuberant water-related activities, including water splashing, water fights, and other water-related rituals.

History of Songkran Festival

The origins of Songkran Festival can be traced back to ancient Hindu traditions, which were later adopted and adapted by Buddhist cultures in Southeast Asia, including Thailand. The word “Songkran” comes from the Sanskrit word “Sankranti,” which means “astrological passage” or “transition.” Songkran marks the transition from one astrological year to another, and it is a time for Thais to reflect on the past year, pay respects to elders and ancestors, and make merit at temples.

The most distinctive aspect of the Songkran Festival is the water-related activities that take place during the celebration. Thais and tourists alike engage in playful water splashing and water fights using water guns, buckets, hoses, and other containers filled with water. This is done as a symbol of cleansing and purifying oneself for the new year, and also to cool down during the hot month of April, which is the peak of Thailand’s summer season.

In addition to water splashing, Songkran Festival also involves other traditional rituals and customs. These include visiting temples to make merit, offering food to Buddhist monks, pouring water on Buddha statues and images as a sign of respect, and performing traditional dances and cultural performances. Songkran is also a time for family reunions, as many Thais return to their hometowns to celebrate with their loved ones.


The Songkran Festival is not only a time for fun and festivities, but it also holds cultural and spiritual significance for the Thai people. It is a time to express gratitude, seek blessings, and foster community spirit. The festival promotes unity, harmony, and goodwill among people, and it is one of the most beloved and widely celebrated festivals in Thailand, attracting both locals and tourists from around the world.

In recent years, Songkran Festival has also gained popularity as a tourist attraction, with many foreigners coming to Thailand to experience the unique and vibrant celebration. However, it’s important to note that Songkran is a traditional festival deeply rooted in Thai culture and traditions, and it is essential to respect the local customs, practices, and etiquette while participating in the festivities.

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