The 2021 Nobel Prize in Literature is awarded to the novelist Abdulrazak Gurnah

The 2021 Nobel Prize in Literature is awarded to the novelist Abdulrazak Gurnah

The 2021 Nobel Prize in Literature is awarded to the novelist Abdulrazak Gurnah | Source: Twitter/The Nobel Prize

The 2021 Nobel Prize in Literature is awarded to the novelist Abdulrazak Gurnah “for his uncompromising and compassionate penetration of the effects of colonialism and the fate of the refugee in the gulf between cultures and continents.”

Gurnah was born in 1948 and grew up on the island of Zanzibar in the Indian Ocean but arrived in England as a refugee at the end of the 1960s. He has published ten novels and a number of short stories. The theme of the refugee’s disruption runs throughout his work.

The 2020 Nobel Prize in Literature is awarded to the American poet Louise Glück “for her unmistakable poetic voice that with austere beauty makes individual existence universal.”

The 2021 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was jointly awarded to David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian for their discoveries of receptors for temperature and touch.

The Nobel Prize in Physics 2021 was awarded “for groundbreaking contributions to our understanding of complex systems” with one half jointly to Syukuro Manabe and Klaus Hasselmann “for the physical modeling of Earth’s climate, quantifying variability and reliably predicting global warming” and the other half to Giorgio Parisi “for the discovery of the interplay of disorder and fluctuations in physical systems from atomic to planetary scales.”

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2021 was awarded jointly to Benjamin List and David W.C. MacMillan “for the development of asymmetric organocatalysis.” Benjamin List and David MacMillan are awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2021 because in 2000 they, independent of each other, developed a third type of catalysis. It is called asymmetric organocatalysis and builds upon small organic molecules.

The prestigious award comes with a gold medal and prize money of 10 million Swedish kronor (more than USD 1.14 million), courtesy of a bequest left by the prize’s creator, Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel who died in 1895.

The Nobel Prize awarding institutions have decided to announce their 2021 prize decisions. the distribution will begin on 04 October and conclude on 11 October.  On 8th October, The Norwegian Nobel Committee will announce the Nobel prize in Peace for 2021.

OV Digital Desk