5 May in Indian and World History
5 May in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 5 May is the birth anniversary of Guru Amar Das, Pritilata Waddedar, and Giani Zail Singh.
5 May is also observed as the death anniversary of Naushad Ali and Raman Surendranath.
5 May in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:
Guru Amar Das (5 May 1479 – 1 September 1574), also known as Guru Amardas, was the third of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Sikh Guru on 26 March 1552 at age 73. He was an important innovator in Sikhism, who introduced a religious organization called the ‘manji system by appointing trained clergy, a system that expanded and survives into the contemporary era. He wrote and compiled hymns into a Pothi (book) that ultimately helped create the Adi Granth. Guru Amar Das remained the leader of the Sikhs till age 95 and named his son-in-law Bhai Jetha later remembered by the name Guru Ram Das as his successor. He was born on 5 May 1479.
Pritilata Waddedar (5 May 1911 – 24 September 1932), a Bengali revolutionary nationalist from the Indian subcontinent who was influential in the Indian independence movement. After completing her education in Chittagong and Dhaka, she attended Bethune College in Kolkata. She graduated in philosophy with distinction and became a schoolteacher. She is known for leading fifteen revolutionaries in the 1932-armed attack on the Pahartali European Club, during which one person was killed and eleven injured. The revolutionaries torched the club and were later caught by the British police. To avoid arrest, Pritilata consumed cyanide and died. She was born on 5 May 1911.
Giani Zail Singh (5 May 1916 – 25 December 1994) was the seventh President of India serving from 1982 to 1987. He was born as Jarnail Singh. Prior to his presidency, he was a politician with the Indian National Congress Party, and had held several ministerial posts in the Union Cabinet, including that of Home Minister. He also served as the Chairman of the Non-Aligned Movement from 1983 to 1986. His presidency was marked by Operation Blue Star, the assassination of Indira Gandhi, and the 1984 anti-Sikh riots. He was born on 5 May 1916.
Read More: 4 May in Indian and World History
5 May in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:
Naushad Ali (26 December 1919 – 5 May 2006), an Indian music director for Hindi films. He is widely considered to be one of the greatest and foremost music directors of the Hindi film industry. He is particularly known for popularising the use of classical music in films. Naushad was conferred the Dadasaheb Phalke Award and the Padma Bhushan in 1981 and 1992 respectively for his contribution to the Hindi film industry. He died on 5 May 2006.
Raman Surendranath (4 January 1937 – 5 May 2012), an Indian cricketer who played in eleven Test matches between 1958 and 1961. He was primarily a medium-pace swing bowler, who enjoyed a particularly successful tour of England in 1959. He died on 5 May 2012.
Read More: 3 May in Indian and World History
Notable events on 5 May in Indian and World history
5 May 1818 – Karl Marx, great journalist, chief editor, writer and social worker, was born in Trier, Germany.
5 May 1862 – Mexico repelled the French forces of Napoleon III at the Battle of Puebla, a victory that became a symbol of resistance to foreign domination and is now celebrated as a national holiday, Cinco de Mayo.
5 May 1903 – Former minister William Petty declares the Persian Gulf a part of British dominion in India.
5 May 1945 – The Prague uprising begins as an attempt by the Czech resistance to free the city from German occupation.
5 May 1945 – A Fu-Go balloon bomb launched by the Japanese Army kills six people near Bly, Oregon.
5 May 1945 – Battle of Castle Itter, the only battle in which American and German troops fought cooperatively.