Ivar Giaever is a Norwegian-American physicist. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1973.
Life and Career
He was born on 5 April 1929, in Bergen, Norway. He earned his undergraduate degree in mechanical engineering from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology in Trondheim in 1952.
He went on to work at the General Electric (GE) Research Laboratory in New York, where he made significant contributions to the field of superconductivity.
In 1960, he established that tunneling also took place in superconductors. He conducted the experiment with a thin layer of oxide, coated with layers of superconducting metals. The experiment also demonstrated the existence of an energy gap, which is an energy range where no electron states can exist.
After that, he earned his Ph.D. in physics at the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy, New York, in 1964. His thesis work focused on the properties of superconductors.
In 1969, his interest turned to biophysics. On receiving Guggenheim Fellowship, he traveled to England and spent one year at Clare Hall, University of Cambridge, working on biophysics.
Later in his career, Giaever became interested in climate change and became a vocal skeptic of the mainstream scientific consensus on the issue. He has made controversial statements about climate change, including denying the link between carbon dioxide emissions and global warming.
Award and Legacy
He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1973, along with Leo Esaki and Brian Josephson, for their work on quantum tunneling phenomena in solids.
He has received many other awards and honors for his contributions to physics, including the Oliver E. Buckley Condensed Matter Prize from the American Physical Society in 1965, the Golden Plate Award of the American Academy of Achievement in 1966, the Zworykin Award by the National Academy of Engineering in 1975, and the National Medal of Science from the United States government in 1979.
He is also a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters, and the Royal Norwegian Society of Sciences and Letters.
Despite the controversy surrounding his views on climate change, Giaever’s contributions to physics have earned him a place among the most influential scientists of the 20th century. His work on electron tunneling has had a profound impact on the field of condensed matter physics, and his legacy continues to inspire new generations of physicists today.Tags: 5 April, 5 April 1929, Ivar Giaever, Ivar Giaever Birthday, Ivar Giaever Death anniversary, Ivar Giaever Observer Voice, Observer Voice Ivar Giaever, Remembering Ivar Giaever, Tribute to Ivar Giaever