30 March in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 30 March is the birth anniversary of Sharadindu Bandyopadhyay, Devika Rani Chaudhuri, Rajiv Pratap Rudy, and Nagesh Kukunoor Naidu.

30 March is also observed as the death anniversary of Guru Har Krishan, Dattaram Dharmaji Hindlekar, S. M. Pandit, Anand Bakshi, Ottupulackal Velukkuty Vijayan, and Manohar Shyam Joshi.

Birth Anniversary

30 March in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:

Sharadindu Bandyopadhyay (30 March 1899 – 22 September 1970), an Indian Bengali-language writer. He was also actively involved with Bengali cinema as well as Bollywood. His most famous creation is the fictional detective Byomkesh Bakshi. He studied law in Patna and then devoted his time to writing. He was born on 30 March 1899  in Jaunpur, British India.

Devika Rani Chaudhuri (30 March 1908 – 9 March 1994), an actress in Indian films. She was active during the 1930s and 1940s. She was also known as Devika Rani. Widely acknowledged as the first lady of Indian cinema, Devika Rani had a successful film career for almost a decade. She was the first recipient of the Dadasaheb Phalke Award. She was born on 30 March 1908.

Rajiv Pratap Rudy, an Indian politician and a commercial pilot. He is a Member of Parliament representing Saran (Lok Sabha constituency) in Bihar. He was also minister of State (Independent Charge) for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship in Narendra Modi’s government. Rudy is in Limca Book of Records for being the only parliamentarian to fly a commercial aircraft having flown Airbus-320 and Indigo airlines. He was born on 30 March 1962 in Saran, Bihar.

Nagesh Kukunoor Naidu, an Indian film director, producer, screenwriter and actor. He is known for his outstanding works such as Hyderabad Blues (1998), Rockford (1999), Iqbal (2005), Dor (2006), Aashayein (2010), Lakshmi (2014), and Dhanak (2016).  He has received seven International Awards, and two National Film Awards for his works. He was born on 30 March 1967 in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India

Read More: 29 March in Indian and World History

Death Anniversary

30 March in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:

Guru Har Krishan (7 July 1656 – 30 March 1664), the eighth of the ten Sikh Gurus. At the age of 5, he became the youngest Guru in Sikhism on 7 October 1661, succeeding his father, Guru Har Rai. He contracted smallpox in 1664 and died before reaching his eighth birthday.

Dattaram Dharmaji Hindlekar (1 January 1909 – 30 March 1949), a right-handed batsman. He toured England in 1936 and 1946 as India’s first-choice wicket-keeper. He worked in the Bombay Port Trust as well. Hindlekar died at the age of 40 for want of proper treatment.

S. M. Pandit (25 March 1916 – 30 March 1993), one of the most popular and sought-after painters of his times. In his paintings, Pandit depicted his subjects as handsome, muscular, valorous men and sensuously beautiful, voluptuous women set in surroundings suggestive of cinema settings and sceneries. He died on 30 March 1993.

Anand Bakshi (21 July 1930 – 30 March 2002), a popular Indian poet and lyricist. He was nominated for the Filmfare award for Best lyricist a total of 40 times, resulting in 4 wins. Late in his life, he suffered from heart and lung disease because of lifelong smoking. In March 2002, he caught a bacterial infection at Nanavati hospital during minor heart surgery. He finally died of multiple organ failure on 30 March 2002.

Ottupulackal Velukkuty Vijayan (2 July 1930 – 30 March 2005), commonly known as O. V. Vijayan, was an Indian author and cartoonist, who was an important figure in modern Malayalam language literature. He authored six novels, nine short-story collections, and nine collections of essays, memoirs and reflections. He died on 30 March 2005.

Manohar Shyam Joshi (9 August 1933 – 30 March 2006), a Hindi writer, journalist and scriptwriter. He is well known as the writer of Indian television’s first soap opera, Hum Log (1984) and his early hits Buniyaad (1987), Kakaji Kahin, a political satire and Kyaap, a novel which won him the Sahitya Akademi Award. He died on 30 March 2006.

Read More: 28 March in Indian and World History

Notable events on 30 March in Indian and World History

30 March 1528  Rana Sanga, a prominent Rajput ruler who lived in India during the late 15th and early 16th centuries, died.

30 March 1811 – Robert Bunsen, was a German chemist who made significant contributions to the field of chemistry. He is best known for inventing the Bunsen burner, was born.

30 March 1892 – Stefan Banach – a Polish mathematician who is generally considered one of the 20th century’s most important and influential mathematicians – was born.

30 March 1919 – Mahatma Gandhi announced resistance against the Rowlatt Act.

30 March 1944 – Allied bombers conduct their most severe bombing run on Sofia, Bulgaria.

30 March 1945 – Soviet forces invade Austria and capture Vienna. Polish and Soviet forces liberate Danzig.

30 March 1949 –  Friedrich Bergius, a German chemist and Nobel Prize Laureate, died.

30 March is also observed as Rajasthan Day. Today the state of Rajasthan was established in 1949, and Jaipur was made capital.

30 March 1959 – At the outset of the 1959 Tibetan uprising, fearing for his life, the Dalai Lama and his retinue fled Tibet with the help of the CIA’s Special Activities Division, crossing into India on 30 March 1959.

30 March 1965 – Philip Showalter Hench an American physician, and Nobel Prize Laureate, died.

30 March 1992 – Satyajit Ray was awarded the Honorary Oscar Award.

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