3 July in Indian and World History
3 July in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 3 July is the birth anniversary of Hansa Mehta, S.V Ranga Rao, Adoor Gopalakrishnan, and Harbhajan Singh.
3 July is also observed as the death anniversary of Namdev, Raaj Kumar, and Captain Manoj Kumar Pandey.
3 July in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:
Hansa Mehta (3 July 1897 – 4 April 1995), well known in India as a social worker, freedom fighter, and educationist. His father Manubhai Mehta was the Diwan of the princely states of Baroda and Bikaner. Hansa Mehta was married to Jeevraj Mehta, one of the foremost physicians of the country and a close associate of Gandhiji. The committee that gave shape to the Constitution of India included 15 women. Along with the constitution, he also played an important role in the formation of Indian society. Hansa Mehta was one of them. She was born on 3 July 1897 in Baroda state.
S.V Ranga Rao (3 July 1918 – 18 July 1974), an Indian film actor, director, and producer known for his works in Telugu cinema and Tamil cinema. He was known for his natural acting style, portraying complex – social, biographical, and mythological characters such as – Ghatotkacha in Maya Bazaar (1957) which is regarded as the “greatest Indian film of all time” by CNN-India Poll. Rao was born on 3 July 1918 in Nuzvidu, Madras Presidency, British India (now Andhra Pradesh, India).
Adoor Gopalakrishnan, an Indian film director, scriptwriter, and producer and is regarded as one of the most notable filmmakers in India. He got many awards including Padma Vibhushan (2006), Padma Shri (1984), and Dadasaheb Phalke Award (2004) for his valuable contributions to Indian cinema. Gopalakrishnan was born on 3 July 1941 in Mannadi, the Kingdom of Travancore, British India (present-day Pathanamthitta, Kerala, India).
Harbhajan Singh, an Indian cricketer and an actor who mainly features in Tamil films. He has played all formats of cricket for India. Harbhajan was a specialist spinner who taken the second-highest number of Test wickets by an off-spinner after Sri Lanka’s Muttiah Muralitharan. He was born on 3 July 1980 in Jalandhar, Punjab, India.
Read More: 2 July in Indian and World History
3 July in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:
Namdev (26 October 1270 - 3 July 1350), an Indian poet and saint. He lived as a devotee of Lord Vitthal (Krishna) of Pandharpur. Namdev has become a famous saint of Maharashtra. During his time, the Nath and Mahanubhav cults were propagated in Maharashtra. The Nath sect was a supporter of the yogic practice of “Alakh Niranjan” and was opposed to extravagances and the Mahanubhav sect, despite being opposed to Vedic rituals and polytheism, did not consider idol worship to be completely prohibited. Apart from these, the worship of “Vithoba” of Pandharpur was also prevalent in Maharashtra. He died on 3 July 1350 in Pandharpur.
Raaj Kumar (8 October 1926 – 3 July 1996), a film actor. He was a sub-inspector in the Mumbai Police in the late 1940s before he turned to act with the 1952 Hindi film Rangeeli. He appeared in the Oscar-nominated 1957 film Mother India and went on to star in over 70 Hindi films in a career that spanned over four decades. Kumar died on 3 July 1996 at the age of 69 in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
Captain Manoj Kumar Pandey (25 June 1975 – 3 July 1999) an officer of the Indian Army who was posthumously awarded India’s highest military honor, the Param Vir Chakra, for his audacious courage and leadership during the Kargil War in 1999. The Kargil war with Pakistan is called special for many reasons. On the one hand, this war was fought on very difficult and high peaks, which were covered with snow and inaccessible, as well as this war was the result of long preparations of Pakistan, whose plan was in its mind for years. One of the difficult fronts of this war was that of Khalubar, which Captain Manoj Kumar Pandey, leading his 1/11 Gorkha Rifles, fought against the enemy, and agreed to win. Even though, he had to sacrifice his life in this endeavor. He died on 3 July 1999 at the age of 24 in Bunker Ridge, Khalubar, Batalik Sector, Kargil, Ladakh, India.
Read More: 1 July in Indian and World History
Notable events on 3 July in Indian and World history
3 July 1661 – Portugal gave Bombay and Tanjore to King Charles II of England.
3 July 1746 – Baba Banda Singh Bahadur was hanged on the orders of the Mughal Emperor. He defeated the Mughals in 1710.
3 July 1760 – The Maratha army captured Delhi on this day.
3 July 1819 – America started the first savings bank ‘Bank of Savings in New York’.
3 July 1879 – Freedom fighter Basudev Balwant Phadke was arrested.
3 July 1884 – The stock exchange Dow Jones published its first stock index.
3 July 1886 – The New York Tribune became the first newspaper to use a printing machine.
3 July 1908 – Bal Gangadhar Tilak was arrested by the British government on charges of sedition.
3 July 1928 – The first color TV program was broadcast in London.
3 July 1962 – The French President declared the independence of Algeria.
3 July 1972 – The Simla Agreement was signed after the Indo-Pakistani War.
3 July 1972 – The Disarmed Agreement on Kashmir was signed between India’s Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and Pakistan.
3 July 1979 – The construction of Vidyasagar Setu, popularly known as the Second Howrah Bridge in Kolkata, started.
3 July 1990 – 1,426 Haj pilgrims died in a stampede in the Mecca to Mina tunnel.
3 July 2004 – Maria Sharapova of Russia became the women’s Wimbledon champion.
3 July 2005 – Mahesh Bhupathi and Mary Pierce won the mixed doubles title of Wimbledon tennis.
3 July 2006 – Spain expected India to become the world’s third-largest economy.
3 July 2007 – Controversial writer Salman Rushdie announced his divorce from his wife Padma Lakshmi.
3 July 2011 – In the Wimbledon Open Grand Slam 2011, Novak Djokovic became the champion in the men’s section and Petra Kvitova in the women’s section.
3 July 2017 – Achal Kumar Jyoti was appointed as the Chief Election Commissioner of India.