2 July in Indian and World History

OV Digital Desk

2 July in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 2 July is the birth anniversary of Sir Chandulal Madhavlal Trivedi, Arup Kumar Dutta, Alok Dhanwa, Raza Murad, and Shirley Setia.

2 July is also observed as the death anniversary of Siraj-ud-Daulah, Yusuf Meherali, and Dilip Narayan Sardesai.

Birth Anniversary on 2 July

2 July in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:

Sir Chandulal Madhavlal Trivedi (2 July 1893 – 15 March 1980), an Indian administrator and civil servant, and the first Indian governor of the state of Punjab after Independence in 1947. He subsequently served as the first Governor of Andhra Pradesh from its creation in 1953 until 1957. He got awarded the Padma Vibhushan in 1956. Trivedi was born on 2 July 1893 in Kapadvanj, Kaira District, Bombay Presidency, British India (now Kheda district, Gujarat, India).

Arup Kumar Dutta, an Indian writer, and journalist from Guwahati, Assam. He has written 16 books for adults and 17 adventure novels for young people. Dutta got the Shankar’s Award in 1979 and Padma Shri by the Government of India for his contribution to literature and education in 2018. He was born on 2 July 1946.

Alok Dhanwa, a famous Hindi poet. Alok Dhanwa is one of the big poets of Hindi, who gave a new identity to poetry in the 70s. His poems like Goli Daago Poster, Janta Ka Aadmi, Cloth Shoes, and Bruno’s Daughters have been popular. The world is made every day is his famous collection of poems. His poems have also been translated into English and Russian. He was born on 2 July 1948 in Munger, Bihar.

Raza Murad, an Indian actor who appears primarily in Hindi films. He acted in more than 250 Bollywood films. Murad also appeared in Bhojpuri and other regional-language films and on Hindi television. He was born on 23 November 1950 in Rampur, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Shirley Setia, a singer, YouTuber, actress who was born in Daman, India, and raised in Auckland, New Zealand. She got featured in the Forbes Magazine, where she was referred to as “Bollywood’s Next Big Singing Sensation. Setia made her film debut with Maska which released on Netflix on 27 March 2020 and will be making her Bollywood film debut with Nikamma. Setia was born on 2 July 1995 in Daman, India.

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Death Anniversary on 2 July

2 July in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:

Siraj-ud-Daulah, the last independent Nawab of Bengal. He was known as the first rebel against the British in Bengal. He won the Sim Bazar factory located in Kolkata city of West Bengal from the British. Siraj-ud-daula also got help from Mir Kashim to defeat the British in the treacherous battle of Plassey in 1757 AD. He died on 2 July 1757 in Murshidabad, West Bengal.

Yusuf Meherali (23 September 1903 – 2 July 1950), an Indian freedom fighter and socialist leader. He was elected Mayor of Bombay in 1942 while he was imprisoned in Yerawada Central Prison. Yusuf contributed to the strengthening of the workers and peasant’s organization and for this reason had to go to jail eight times during the freedom struggle. Meher Ali was one of the founders of the Congress Socialist. He was part of the Quit India Movement along with Mahatma Gandhi for India’s last nationwide campaign for independence from the British Empire and coined the term “quit India” for it. He died on 2 July 1950.

Dilip Narayan Sardesai (8 August 1940 – 2 July 2007), an Indian international cricketer. He played Tests for the Indian national team as a batsman. He was regarded as one of India’s best batsmen against spin. His Son Rajdeep Sardesai is a famous Indian news anchor, journalist, and author. He died on 2 July 2007 (aged 66) in Mumbai, India.

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Notable events on 2 July in Indian and World History

Some of the Notable events on 2 July in World History are mentioned below:

2 July 1306 – When Alauddin Khilji attacked Siwana, this fort was in the possession of Chauhan Sardar Sheetaldev, nephew of Kanhaddev.

2 July 1777 – Slavery ended in the US city of Vermont on this day.

2 July 1861 – The Calcutta High Court was inaugurated.

2 July 1877 – Hermann Hesse was a German-Swiss poet. In 1946, Hermann Hesse was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature.

2 July 1916 – The Geological Survey of India was established.

2 July 1937  Amelia Earhart – the first female aviator to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean – died.

2 July 1940 – The British government appointed Subhash Chandra Bose. He was arrested for inciting rebellion.

2 July 1962 – Roger opened for business in 1962 in Arkansas, the first Walmart store.

2 July 1966 – France conducted nuclear tests at Mururoa, Pacific Ocean.

2 July 1972 – Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and President of Pakistan Zulfikar Ali Bhutto signed the Simla Agreement.

2 July 1976 – Communist North Vietnam announced its union with the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.

2 July 1983 – The first unit of the indigenously built Atomic Power Station started functioning at Kalpakkam near Madras.

2 July 1990 – In Saudi Arabia 1,426 Haj pilgrims were killed when a stampede broke out in the tunnel from Mecca to Mina.

2 July 2001 – The first film of the Fast and Furious series was released.

2 July 2002 – Steve Fossett became the first person to travel the world by balloon.

2 July 2004 – The Foreign Ministers of India and Pakistan held mutual talks in Jakarta.

2 July 2015 – In the Philippines 62 people died when a boat carrying 220 passengers sank.

2 July 2016 – Elie Wiesel, a Romanian-born American writer, and Nobel Prize Laureate, died.

2 July Historical Significance

The 2nd of July holds a prominent place in history with a series of significant events across various centuries. For instance, on this day in 1776, the Continental Congress passed a resolution declaring the United States independent from British rule, which laid the groundwork for the adoption of the Declaration of Independence two days later. In 1881, President James A. Garfield was shot, leading to his death later that year. Going further back, the day marks the Incident at Xuanwu Gate in 626, where Li Shimin, the future Emperor Taizong of Tang, secured his succession to the throne by eliminating his rivals. Each event on this date has contributed to shaping the political and social fabric of different nations, reflecting the dynamic nature of history where a single day can hold multiple layers of significance.

Important Days of 2 July in History

Some of the Notable events on 2 July in History are mentioned below:

World UFO Day (International): A day dedicated to raising awareness about unidentified flying objects and the existence of life beyond our planet.

National Anisette Day (United States): Celebrating the anise-flavored liqueur that is enjoyed in various cultures worldwide.

World Sports Journalists Day (International): Recognizing the work of sports journalists in bringing the action and stories of sports to the public.