1 July in Indian and World History
1 July in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 1 July is the birth anniversary of Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy, Benegal Rama Rao, Amarkant, Chandra Shekhar Singh, Sudhakar Pandey, and Abdul Hamid.
1 July is also observed as the death anniversary of C. Y. Chintamani, Purushottam Das Tandon, and Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy.
1 July in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:
Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy (1 July 1882 – 1 July 1962), an Indian physician, educationist, philanthropist, freedom fighter, and statesman. He was a multi-talented senior doctor, learned educationist, fearless freedom fighter, skilled politician, and renowned social worker. Along with this, he is also remembered with great reverence and respect as the nation builder of modern India. Bidhan Chandra Roy is also called the ‘Messiah of Bengal’ especially in reference to the remarkable work done by him. National Doctors’ Day is celebrated in his memory every year on 1 July in India. Bidhan Chandra Roy was awarded Bharat Ratna on 4 February 1961 India’s highest civilian honor. He was born on 1 July 1882 in Bankipore, Patna.
Benegal Rama Rao (1 July 1889 – 13 December 1969), the fourth governor of the Reserve Bank of India. His tenure lasted from 1 July 1949 to 14 January 1957. He was born on 1 July 1889.
Amarkant (1 July 1925 – 17 February 2014), one of the famous litterateurs of India. He was the main storyteller of the realistic stream after Premchand in Hindi fiction. After graduating from Prayag University, Amarkant had decided that he had to serve Hindi literature. There was a desire to become a journalist in his mind and he started his job with the daily newspaper ‘Sainik’ coming out of Agra city. Amarkant was always a shy person. He did not find anything ordinary related to the general public. He kept a close eye on every important event happening in the country. He himself never liked being in the centre of the discussion. Some of his notable works includes Inhi Hathiyaaron Se, Kale Ujale Din, Kuch Yaadein Kuch Baatein etc. Amarkant got awarded with Sahitya Akademi Award in 2007 and Jnanpith Award in 2009 for his contribution in Hindi literature. He was born on 1 July 1925 in Nagra Village, Ballia District, Uttar Pradesh.
Chandra Shekhar Singh (1 July 1927 – 8 July 2007) an Indian politician who served as the eighth Prime Minister of India, between 10 November 1990 and 21 June 1991. He got the title of Young Turk because of his impartiality. He was a man of intellect. Chandrashekhar took over as the Prime Minister after Vishwanath Pratap Singh. He was considered very close to Acharya Narendra Dev. He imbibed a lot from his personality and character. As an MP, Chandrashekhar’s statements were listened to very carefully by both the pros and cons. It was popular for them that they believe in working not for politics but the politics of progress of the country. Chandrashekhar used to praise and criticize on the voice of the soul. Then they did not see whether he was doing this for the side or against the opposition. He was born 1 July 1927 in Ibrahimpatti, Ballia, United Provinces, British India (now in Uttar Pradesh, India).
Sudhakar Pandey (1 July 1927 – 18 April 2003), an Indian politician. He was elected to the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Parliament of India from Chandauli, Uttar Pradesh in 1971 as a member of the Indian National Congress. He was a member of the Rajya Sabha, the Upper house of the Parliament of India from Uttar Pradesh from 1980 to 1986. He was born on 1 July 1927 in Chaka, Varanasi, British India.
Abdul Hamid (1 July 1933 – 10 September 1965), an Indian Army soldier who posthumously received India’s highest military decoration, the Param Vir Chakra, for his actions during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965. He was born on 1 July 1933 in Dhamupur, Ghazipur district, United Provinces, British India.
Read More: 30 June in Indian and World History
1 July in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:
C.Y. Chintamani (10 April 1880 – 1 July 1941) was one of the eminent editors of pre-independence India and one of the founders of the liberal party. He used to edit a weekly paper ‘The Indian People’ in Allahabad and ‘Hindustan Review’ in Patna. C. Y. Chintamani had been a member of the Indian National Liberal (Party) Confederation. He was also elected the representative of the Liberal Party in the Round Table Conference. Chintamani died on 1 July 1941 at the age of 61.
Purushottam Das Tandon (1 August 1882 – 1 July 1962), one of the leading freedom fighters of modern India. He was also known as ‘Rajarshi’. He started his life as a lawyer. Purushottam Das ji had made a lot of efforts to advance Hindi and to get it the place of the national language. He continued to consider Hindi to achieve independence before the country’s independence and to maintain independence after independence. In the year 1950, he was appointed as the President of the Indian National Congress. Purushottam Das Tandon has been called a Karmayogi who created a new consciousness, a new wave, a new revolution in the political and social life of India. He was also awarded the country’s highest civilian honor ‘Bharat Ratna’ in the year 1961. Tandon died on 1 July 1962 at the age of 79.
Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy (1 July 1882 – 1 July 1962), an Indian physician, educationist, philanthropist, freedom fighter, and statesman. He was a multi-talented senior doctor, learned educationist, fearless freedom fighter, skilled politician, and renowned social worker. Along with this, he is also remembered with great reverence and respect as the nation builder of modern India. Bidhan Chandra Roy is also called the ‘Messiah of Bengal’ especially in reference to the remarkable work done by him. National Doctors’ Day is celebrated in his memory every year on 1 July in India. He was awarded Bharat Ratna on 4 February 1961 India’s highest civilian honor. Roy died on 1 July 1962 at the age of 80 in Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
Read More: 29 June in Indian and World History
Notable events on 1 July in Indian and World history
1 July 1781 – The Battle of Porto Navo (now Parangipettai) took place between Hyder Ali, the Sultan of Mysore, and the British army.
1 July 1862 – The Calcutta High Court was inaugurated on this day.
1 July 1878 – Canada joined the Universal Postal Union on this day.
1 July 1881 – The first international call was made on the telephone on this day.
1 July 1921 – The Communist Party of China was founded on this day.
1 July 1948 – Muhammad Ali Jinnah inaugurated the Central Bank of Pakistan.
1 July 1949 – Travancore-Cochin State was created but Malabar remained under Madras Province.
1 July 1955 – Imperial Bank of India was nationalized and renamed as State Bank of India.
1 July 1963 – The US Post Office implemented the Zip Code system.
1 July 1964 – Industrial Development Bank of India was established.
1 July 1979 – Electronic equipment maker Sony introduced the Walkman.
1 July 1990 – The end of the borderline between East and West Germany and the currency of West Germany was recognized in East Germany.
1 July 1991 – The Barsa Treaty was dissolved on this day.
1 July 1997 – The British government handed over the rule of Hong Kong to China.
1 July 1997 – The country’s first Science City was established in Kolkata.
1 July 2000 – England defeated West Indies in the 100th Test match at Lord’s.
1 July 2003 – The world-record Japanese submarine that went deep into the sea has disappeared in the Pacific Ocean.
1 July 2006 – In the Asian Youth Chess Championship, India won 8 gold.
1 July 2006 – Committees of the US Parliament approved the Indo-US nuclear deal.
1 July 2007 The talks of the Tibetan envoys with the Chinese authorities on the Dalai Lama issue began.
1 July 2013 – Neptune’s moon S/2004N1 was discovered in 2013.
1 July 2017 – Goods and Services Tax (GST) was implemented in India as a significant reform of the economy.
National Doctor’s Day
1st of July is observed as National Doctor’s Day in India to remark the importance of doctors hold in our lives and to honor Dr. BC Roy’s contributions to the medical field.
Chartered Accountants, CA Day is observed to mark the foundation day of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, ICAI. CA Day is celebrated annually to honor around 2.5 lakh members of ICAI and chartered accountants across the globe.