19 December in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 19 December is the birth anniversary of Om Prakash and Pratibha Devi Singh Patil.

19 December is also observed as the death anniversary of Ram Prasad Bismil, Ashfaq Ulla Khan, Thakur Roshan Singh, and Umashankar Joshi.

Birth Anniversary

19 December in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:

Om Prakash (19 December 1919 – 21 February 1998), a famous character actor in Indian cinema. Omprakash acted in about 350 films. His major films include ‘Padosan’, ‘Julie’, ‘Dus Lakh’, ‘Chupke-Chupke’, ‘Bairag’, ‘Sharaabi’, ‘Namak Halal’, ‘Pyaar Kiye Jaa’, ‘Khandaan’, ‘Chowkidar’ etc. His last film was ‘Naukr Biwi Ka’. He was especially appreciated in the films of megastar Amitabh Bachchan. Omprakash made a place in the heart of every Indian by becoming the Daddu of ‘Namak Halal’ and Munshilal of ‘Sharaabi‘. He was born on 19 December 1919.


Pratibha Devi Singh Patil, the first woman President in the 60-year history of independent India to rise from a middle finance family to the highest office in the country. She has the distinction of becoming the twelfth elected President of India. Becoming her the President has proved to be an important chapter in the context of women’s power. 21 July 2007 will continue to be considered very important in the democratic history of India because, after sixty years of independence of the country, a woman got the chance to be elected as a President for the first time. Pratibha Patil has been associated with the Congress Party for a long time and was the Governor of Rajasthan when she was elected to the post of President. She was born on 19 December 1934 in Jalgaon, Maharashtra.

Read More: 18 December in Indian and World History

Death Anniversary

19 December in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:


Ram Prasad Bismil (11 June 1897 – 19 December 1927), a great freedom fighter of India, a poet, poet, translator, polyglot, and litterateur of a high order. He was the one who sacrificed his life for the freedom of India. He died on 19 December 1927 in Gorakhpur.

Ashfaq Ulla Khan (22 October 1900 – 19 December 1927) is counted among the famous immortal martyr revolutionaries of India. Ashfaq Ullah Khan, who sacrificed his life laughing for the freedom of the country, was a strong advocate of Hindu-Muslim unity. He was hanged in Faizabad Jail on 19 December 1927 in connection with the ‘Kakori case’. Ashfaq Ullah Khan was the first Muslim who was sentenced to death for conspiracy. His heart was big, and his thoughts were very generous. The narrow sentiments related to Hindu-Muslim unity never entered his heart. It was his natural nature to treat everyone equally. Hard work, perseverance, perseverance, happiness, these were the special qualities of his nature. He died on 19 December 1927.

Thakur Roshan Singh (22 January 1892 – 19 December 1927), one of the revolutionaries who fought for India’s independence. On 9 August 1925, the government treasury was looted under the ‘Kakori Kand’ near ‘Kakori’ station near Lucknow, the capital of Uttar Pradesh. Although Thakur Roshan Singh did not directly participate in the ‘Kakori Kand’, seeing his charming and flamboyant personality, he was also sentenced to death along with the dacoit masters Ramprasad Bismil, Ashfaq Ulla Khan, and Rajendranath Lahiri. He Martyrdom on 19 December 1927 in Naini Jail, Allahabad.

Umashankar Joshi (21 July 1911 – 19 December 1988), a Jnanpith awardee and a famous writer of the Gujarati language. His nickname is ‘Vasuki’. He died on 19 December 1988.


Read More: 17 December in Indian and World History

Notable events on 19 December in Indian and World history

19 December 1154 – King Henry II became Emperor of England.

19 December 1919 – The Meteorological Society of America was established.

19 December 1924 – German serial killer Fritz Harmann was sentenced to death for a series of murders.

19 December 1927 – The Uttar Pradesh Automobile Association was established.

19 December 1927 – The great freedom fighters Ram Prasad Bismil, Ashfaq Ulla Khan, and Roshan Singh were hanged by the British.

19 December 1941 – German dictator Adolf Hitler took full command of the army.

19 December 1953 – Robert Andrews Millikan an American physicist, and Nobel Prize Laureate, died.

19 December 1961 – Indian troops entered the Goa border as part of Operation Vijay.

19 December 1983 – The 1983 FIFA World Cup of football was stolen from the Brazilian city of Rio de Janeiro.

19 December 1997 – Signing of agreement between China and Britain in 1984 to return Hong Kong to China.

19 December 1998 – Amartya Sen was awarded honorary citizenship by Bangladesh, in Denver (USA).

19 December 2000 – Australia won the 13th Test match in a row by defeating the West Indies.

19 December 2003 – The United States welcomed the abandonment of Pakistan’s demand to resolve the Kashmir problem under UN resolutions.

19 December 2004 – Herbert Charles Brown, an American chemist, and Nobel Prize Laureate, died.

19 December 2005 – The first meeting of the country’s first democratically elected parliament was held in Afghanistan after three decades.

19 December 2007 – Time magazine named Russian President Vladimir Putin as Person of the Year.

19 December 2008 – Canara Bank, HDFC, and Bank of Rajasthan announced affordable housing loans.

19 December 2009 – The National Gallery of Art and the Frans Hals Museum held exhibitions to rightfully honour Judith Leyster’s legacy. Earlier, because of misogyny and a forged signature led art dealers to misattribute her paintings to male artists for decades.

19 December 2012 – Park Geun-hye became the first female President of South Korea.

19 December 2022 – Bhairon Singh Rathore, a BSF veteran of the 1971 India-Pakistan war whose bravery at Rajasthan’s Longewala post was portrayed by actor Suniel Shetty in the Bollywood movie ‘Border’, died in Jodhpur on 19 December 2022.

19 December is observed as Goa’s Liberation Day. On this date in 1961, Goa was released from the Portuguese dominion after army operation and extended freedom movement. This day is celebrated in commemoration of the Indian armed forces that helped Goa to receive freedom from Portuguese rule.

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