10 November in Indian and World History

OV Digital Desk
8 Min Read

10 November in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 10 November is the birth anniversary of Surendranath Banerjee and Dhruv Pratap Singh. 10 November is also observed as the death anniversary of Vijaydan Detha.

Birth Anniversary

10 November in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:

Sir Surendranath Banerjee (10 November 1848 – 6 August 1925), often known as Rashtraguru was Indian nationalist leader during the British Rule. He founded a nationalist organization called the Indian National Association to bring Hindus and Muslims together for political action.

Dhruv Pratap Singh (born 10 November 1997) is an Indian cricketer. He made his first-class debut for Uttar Pradesh in the 2016–17 Ranji Trophy on 20 October 2016.


Death Anniversary

10 November in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:

Vijaydan Detha (1 September 1926 – 10 November 2013), also known as Bijji, was a noted Indian writer of Rajasthani literature. He was a recipient of several awards including the Padma Shri and the Sahitya Akademi Award.

Notable events on 10 November in Indian and World history

10 November 1910 – The date of Thomas A. Davis’ opening of the San Diego Army and Navy Academy, although the official founding date is November 23, 1910.


10 November 1918 Ernst Otto Fischer, a German chemist, and Nobel Prize Laureate, was born.

10 November 10 November 1939 – Finnish author F. E. Sillanpää is awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature.

10 November 1940 – The 1940 Vrancea earthquake strikes Romania killing an estimated 1,000 and injuring approximately 4,000 more.

10 November 1942 – Robert F. Engle, an American economist, and Nobel Prize Laureate, was born.


10 November 1942 – World War II: Germany invades Vichy France following French Admiral François Darlan’s agreement to an armistice with the Allies in North Africa.

10 November 1944 – The ammunition ship USS Mount Hood explodes at Seeadler Harbour, Manus, Admiralty Islands, killing at least 432 and wounding 371.

10 November 1945 – Heavy fighting in Surabaya between Indonesian nationalists and returning colonialists after World War II, today celebrated as Heroes’ Day (Hari Pahlawan).

10 November 1946 – A magnitude 6.9 earthquake in the Peruvian Andes mountains kills at least 1,400 people.

10 November 1951 – With the rollout of the North American Numbering Plan, direct-dial coast-to-coast telephone service begins in the United States.

10 November 1954 – U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower dedicates the USMC War Memorial (Iwo Jima memorial) in Arlington Ridge Park in Arlington County, Virginia.

10 November 1958 – The Hope Diamond is donated to the Smithsonian Institution by New York diamond merchant Harry Winston.

10 November 1969 – National Educational Television (the predecessor to the Public Broadcasting Service) in the United States debuts Sesame Street.

10 November 1970 – Vietnam War: Vietnamization: For the first time in five years, an entire week ends with no reports of American combat fatalities in Southeast Asia.

10 November 1970 – Luna 17: uncrewed space mission launched by the Soviet Union.

10 November 1971 – In Cambodia, Khmer Rouge forces attack the city of Phnom Penh and its airport, killing 44, wounding at least 30 and damaging nine aircraft.

10 November 1971 – A Merpati Nusantara Airlines Vickers Viscount crashes into the Indian Ocean near Padang, West Sumatra, Indonesia, killing all 69 people on board.

10 November 1972 – Southern Airways Flight 49 from Birmingham, Alabama is hijacked and, at one point, is threatened with crashing into the nuclear installation at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. After two days, the plane lands in Havana, Cuba, where the hijackers are jailed by Fidel Castro.

10 November 1975 – The 729-foot-long freighter SS Edmund Fitzgerald sinks during a storm on Lake Superior, killing all 29 crew on board.

10 November 1975 – Israeli-Palestinian conflict: the United Nations General Assembly passes Resolution 3379, determining that Zionism is a form of racism.

10 November 1979 – A 106-car Canadian Pacific freight train carrying explosive and poisonous chemicals from Windsor, Ontario, Canada derails in Mississauga, Ontario, just west of Toronto, causing a massive explosion and the largest peacetime evacuation in Canadian history and one of the largest in North American history.

10 November 1983 – Bill Gates introduces Windows 1.0.

10 November 1985 – A Dassault Falcon 50 and a Piper PA-28 Cherokee collide in mid-air over Fairview, New Jersey, killing six people and injuring eight.

10 November 1989 – Longtime Bulgarian leader Todor Zhivkov is removed from office and replaced by Petar Mladenov.

10 November 1989 – Germans begin to tear down the Berlin Wall.

10 November 1995 – In Nigeria, playwright and environmental activist Ken Saro-Wiwa, along with eight others from the Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni People (Mosop), are hanged by government forces.

10 November 1997 – WorldCom and MCI Communications announce a $37 billion merger (the largest merger in US history at the time).

10 November 2002 – Veteran’s Day Weekend Tornado Outbreak: A tornado outbreak stretching from Northern Ohio to the Gulf Coast, one of the largest outbreaks recorded in November. The strongest tornado, an F4, hits Van Wert, Ohio, during the early to mid afternoon and destroys a movie theater, which had been evacuated.

10 November 2006 – Sri Lankan Tamil politician Nadarajah Raviraj is assassinated in Colombo.

10 November 2006 – The National Museum of the Marine Corps in Quantico, Virginia is opened and dedicated by U.S. President George W. Bush, who announces that Marine Corporal Jason Dunham will posthumously receive the Medal of Honor.

10 November 2008 – Over five months after landing on Mars, NASA declares the Phoenix mission concluded after communications with the lander were lost.

10 November 2009 – Ships of the South and North Korean navies skirmish off Daecheong Island in the Yellow Sea.

10 November 2019 – President of Bolivia Evo Morales and several of his government resign after 19 days of civil protests and a recommendation from the military.

10 November 2020 – Armenia and Azerbaijan sign a ceasefire agreement, ending the Second Nagorno-Karabakh War, and prompting protests in Armenia

Important Days

Hari Pahlawan (Indonesian for Heroes’ Day) is a Remembrance Day annually celebrated on 10 November in Indonesia. The day commemorates the 1945 Battle of Surabaya, in which pro-independence Indonesian local community, as well as soldiers and militia fought against British and Dutch troops as part of the Indonesian National Revolution.

The United States Marine Corps Birthday is an American holiday celebrated every year on 10 November with a traditional ball and cake-cutting ceremony. On that day in 1775, the Continental Marines were established.

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