7 August: Tribute to Konstantin Stanislavski
Image Courtesy: Google Doodle
Konstantin Stanislavski (17 January 1863 – 7 August 1938) was a seminal Soviet Russian theatre practitioner. He was widely recognized as an outstanding character actor and the many productions that he directed garnered him a reputation as one of the leading theatre directors of his generation.
Life and Career
He was born on 17 January 1863 in Moscow. As a child, Konstantin Sergeyevich Stanislavski was raised in a prominent Russian family that encouraged his interest in theater as it evolved from a hobby to a passion. At first, he concentrated on acting, striving relentlessly to bring emotional truth to the stage.
He later developed an interest in directing and production, founding the renowned Moscow Arts Theater in 1898. Their 1904 premiere of Chekhov’s The Cherry Orchard is widely considered a masterpiece of modern theater.
His contributions to the world of theatre include the creation of an influential system for training actors, and his ideas were critical to the development of what is now known as method acting. “There are no small parts,” Stanislavski observed. “Only small actors.” By devising a series of seven questions, he helped aspiring actors to understand their characters and motivation more fully The questions were:
- Who Am I?
- Where Am I?
- What Time Is It?
- What Do I Want
- Why Do I Want It?
- How Will I Get What I Want?
- What Must I Overcome To Get What I Want?
In spite of their simplicity, answering these questions required extensive research and reflection. He would often comment during rehearsals, “I do not believe you,” encouraging actors to dig deep into their own psyches to bring their performances to life.
He died on 7 August 1938 at an age of 75.
Award and Legacy
In recognition of his contributions to Russian theater, he was awarded the Red Banner of Labor, the Order of Lenin, and the title “People’s Artist of the U.S.S.R.”
On 17 January 2019, Google Doodle celebrated Konstantin Stanislavski’s 156th Birthday.