4 November in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 4 November is the birth anniversary of Vasudev Balwant Phadke, Bhai Parmanand, Jamnalal Bajaj, Sudarshan Singh Chakra, and Tabassum Fatima Hashmi.
4 November is also observed as the death anniversary of Shambhu Maharaj.
4 November in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:
Vasudev Balwant Phadke (4 November 1845 – 17 February 1883), the first revolutionary of India to organize an armed rebellion against the British government. Phadke had lit the first spark of the great war of independence after the failure of the first organized great revolution of 1857. Giving his services for the country in 1879 he was caught by the British and sent to Aden after being sentenced to life imprisonment. Here Phadke was subjected to severe physical torture. As a result of this, he died in 1883 AD. Vasudev Balwant Phadke was born on 4 November 1845 in a village named ‘Shirdhone’ in Raigad district of Maharashtra.
Bhai Parmanand (4 November 1876 – 8 December 1947), a great revolutionary of India’s freedom struggle. He was a multi-faceted personality and a great man. While Parmanand ji was a true propagator of Arya Samaj and Vedic religion, on the other hand he had earned fame as a historian, litterateur, and famous educationist. Many patriotic youths like Sardar Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, Ramprasad Bismil and Kartar Singh, who played the main role in the independence of India, got inspiration from him. He was born on 4 November 1876.
Jamnalal Bajaj (4 November 1889 – 11 February 1942), a freedom fighter, industrialist and anthropologist. He was very close and a true follower of Mahatma Gandhi. He became the treasurer of the Congress in 1920 and he remained in this post for the rest of his life. He had established ‘Satyagraha Ashram’ in Wardha. Apart from this, institutions like Gau Seva Sangh, Gandhi Seva Sangh, Cheap Sahitya Mandal etc. were also established by him. Jamnalal Bajaj was opposed to caste discrimination and also tried for the upliftment of Harijans. The ‘Jamnalal Bajaj Award’ has been instituted in his memory for doing commendable work in social fields. He was born on 4 November 1889 in Rajasthan.
Sudarshan Singh Chakra (4 November 1911 – 25 September 1989), a great devotee heart seeker, literary savior, a unique philosopher and a perfect saint. While on the one hand he established many ideal standards of religious journalism by staying in the editorial department of Kalyan Patrika for many years under the guidance of Bhai Hanuman Prasad Poddar, while writing more than 80 books on religious and spiritual subjects, he did literature and spiritual practice. Chakra was born on 4 November 1911.
Tabassum Fatima Hashmi, an Indian actress who primarily works in Hindi films, alongside Telugu and Tamil language films. She has often played troubled, complicated women in a range of characters, from fictional to literary, in both mainstream and independent cinema, as well as some American productions. Tabu was born on 4 November 1971 in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh (present-day Telangana), India.
Read More: 3 November in Indian and World History
Shambhu Maharaj (16 November 1907, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh; died – November 4, 1970) was a famous guru and dancer of the Indian classical dance form Kathak. He belonged to the Lucknow gharana. His real name was ‘Shambhunath Mishra’. By singing thumri with dance, Shambhu Maharaj used to display its expressions in different ways in such a way that the audience could not remain enchanted. 16 November 1907, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh.
Read More: 2 November in Indian and World History
Notable events on 4 November in Indian and World history
4 November 1822 – Water supply scheme formally launched in Delhi.
4 November 1822 – Former US President Abraham Lincoln married Mary Todd.
4 November 1856 – James Buchanan became the 15th President of the United States.
4 November 1875 – The Massachusetts Rifle Association was founded in Boston, USA.
4 November 1911 – Agreement signed between France and Germany regarding the African countries of Morocco and the Congo.
4 November 1924 – Nellie Tello Ross of Wyoming was elected the first female governor of the United States.
4 November 1929 – Emilio Alberto Aragón Bermúdez better known as Miliki, was a Spanish clown, accordionist, and singer, he was a member of the artist family Aragón. He was declared Son of the City of Carmona and received the Silver Medal of that town.
4 November 1933 – Charles K. Kao, an electrical engineer, and Nobel Prize Laureate, was born.
4 November 1947 – Major Somnath Sharma of Badgaon, Kashmir received the first Param Vir Chakra.
4 November 1954 – The Institute of Himalayan Mountaineering in Darjeeling was established.
4 November 1984 – O.B. Agarwal became the world champion of amateur snooker in 1984.
4 November 1995 – The Prime Minister of Israel was assassinated.
4 November 1995 – Yitzhak Rabin, an Israeli politician, and Nobel Prize Laureate, died.
4 November 1997 – The Army’s Off Signal at Siachen Base Camp made the world’s highest STD Booth set up.
4 November 2000 – Japan’s resolution on the ban on nuclear weapons and the production of fissile materials in the United Nations was passed despite opposition from India.
4 November 2002 – China signed a free trade zone treaty with ASEAN countries.
4 November 2003 – Rachel de Queiroz, a remarkable Brazilian writer and trailblazer who left an indelible mark on the literary landscape – died.
4 November 2003 – Sri Lankan President Chandrika Kumaratunga suspended parliament by sacking the ministers of defence, home and information.
4 November 2008 – Barack Obama became the first American president of African descent.