1. 28 December in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for several reasons. 28 December is the birth anniversary of Gajanan Tryambak Madkholkar, Dhirajlal Hirachand Ambani, Ratan Naval Tata, and Arun Jaitley.

28 December is also observed as the death anniversary of Sunderlal Sharma, Hira Lal Shastri, and Sumitranandan Pant.

Birth Anniversary

28 December in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:

Gajanan Tryambak Madkholkar (28 December 1900 – 27 November 1976), a Marathi novelist, critic, and journalist. Madkholkar was famous for his poetic language style. He started his literary career with poetry as a member of the poet society called ‘Ravi Kiran Mandal’. He was born on 28 December 1900 in Mumbai, Maharashtra.

Dhirajlal Hirachand Ambani (28 December 1932 – 6 July 2002), an Indian industrialist who founded Reliance Industries. He had studied only till the tenth standard, but based on his determination, he established his own huge trading and industrial empire. In just three decades, he transformed his small business into a huge industrial company. He was born in the Junagadh district, Saurashtra.

Ratan Naval Tata, Former Chairman of the Tata Group, India’s largest business conglomerate, was founded by Jamsetji Tata and expanded and strengthened by generations of his family. Ratan Tata is such a person who has proved that if you have talent, you can reach such a peak even by staying in the country, where every Indian is proud of you. He was born on 28 December 1937.

Arun Jaitley (28 December 1952 – 24 August 2019), a prominent leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), one of India’s top political parties. He also held the post of Finance Minister of India. In the rule of the ‘National Democratic Alliance’ (NDA), Arun Jaitley has held many important positions along with the Union Minister of Justice. He was born on 28 December 1952.

Read More: 27 December in Indian and World History

Death Anniversary

28 December in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:

Sunderlal Sharma (21 December 1881 – 28 December 1940), a versatile genius, a pioneer of social revolution, and a public awakening in the state of Chhattisgarh. He was a poet, social worker, social worker, historian, and freedom fighter. He has been given the title of ‘Gandhi of Chhattisgarh’. ‘Pandit Sunderlal Sharma Open University has been established in Chhattisgarh in his name. He died on 28 December 1940.

Hira Lal Shastri (24 November 1899 – 28 December 1974), one of the freedom fighters of India. He was counted among the famous politicians of the country. Hira Lal Shastri had the distinction of becoming the first Chief Minister of Rajasthan. He was the Chief Minister of Rajasthan from 30 March 1949 to 5 January 1951. His desire was that he should go to some village and devote his life in the service of the downtrodden. Hira Lal Shastri had established ‘Vanasthali Vidyapeeth’. He died on 28 December 1974.

Sumitranandan Pant (20 May 1900 – 28 December 1977), one of the four pillars of the Chhayavadi era in Hindi literature. He emerged as the originator of the new era in modern Hindi literature. Sumitranandan Pant is counted among such litterateurs, whose depiction of nature was the best among contemporary poets. He lost his mother within just six hours of birth. Pant used to get impressed by the people very soon. Pant, influenced by Mahatma Gandhi and Karl Marx, wrote works on them. Pant, who has been awarded the Padma Bhushan, Jnanpith Award, and Sahitya Akademi Awards, dealt with the realities of society as well as the conflict between nature and the existence of man. He died on 28 December 1977.

Read More: 26 December in Indian and World History

Notable events on 28 December in Indian and World history

28 December 1612 – Galileo observed the planet Neptune and called it a stable star.

28 December 1767 – King Taksin became the King of Thailand and made Thonburi his capital.

28 December 1836 – Spain recognized the independence of Mexico.

28 December 1885 – The Indian National Congress Party was founded.

28 December 1885 – The first session of the Indian National Congress was held in Bombay, in which 72 delegates attended.

28 December 1895 – For the first time in the history of cinema, a story was made into a film. The film was made by the French inventors, the Lumier brothers, who are called the fathers of the film industry.

28 December 1904 – Fanny “Bobbie” Rosenfeld, a Canadian track and field athlete, was born.

28 December 1906 – The South American country of Ecuador adopted its second liberal constitution.

28 December 1908 – About 80 people died in the earthquake in Messina, Italy.

28 December 1914 –  Thanpuying Puangroi Apaiwong,  a Thai composer, thought to be the first woman composer in Thailand, was born.

28 December 1926 – Imperial Airways started passenger and postal service between India and England.

28 December 1928 – The first spoken film Melody of Love was screened in Kolkata.

28 December 1938 –  Iqbal Bano, a ghazal singer from Pakistan, was born.

28 December 1942 – Robert Sullivan became the first pilot to fly a hundred times over the Atlantic Ocean.

28 December 1950 – The Peak District became Britain’s first national park.

28 December  1856 Woodrow Wilson, a American politician and academic, and Nobel Prize , was born.

28 December 1957 – A decision was taken to close the largest slaughterhouse in the north of England due to foot and mouth disease of animals.

28 December 1957 – The Soviet Union conducted nuclear tests.

28 December 1968 – One million people attended the papal festival held in Miami, Florida, in the US state of Florida.

28 December 1972 – The ashes of Martin Bormanns, the deputy head of Germany’s dictator, were found.

28 December 1974 – The 6.3 magnitude earthquake that struck Pakistan killed 5,200.

28 December 1976 – The US conducted a nuclear test in Nevada.

28 December 1882 – Lili Elbe, a transgender woman who was one of the first known recipients of gender reassignment surgery, was born.

28 December 1983 – India’s legendary batsman Sunil Gavaskar broke the record of the legendary batsman, Sir Don Bradman by scoring his 30th century in the Madras Test against West Indies.

28 December 1984 – Congress won the Lok Sabha elections under the leadership of Rajiv Gandhi.

28 December 1995 – Polish explorer Marke Karmiski became the first person to fly the flag at the North and South Poles in the same year, the entry of world cinema into the second century.

28 December 2000 – An illustrated postage stamp of Rs 3 in a set of five stamps was issued by the Indian Postal Department to honor the gallantry award winners.

28 December 2003 – Israel launched a second commercial satellite from the Bangkok Space Station in Kazakhstan.

28 December 2013 – The Aam Aadmi Party formed the government in Delhi with the support of Congress.

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