27 December in Indian and World History

OV Digital Desk

27 December in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 27 December is the birth anniversary of Ghalib, Ujjwal Singh, Nityanand Swami, and Salman Khan

27 December is also observed as the death anniversary of Farooq Sheikh.

Birth Anniversary

27 December in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:

Ghalib or Mirza Asadullah Baig Khan (27 December 1797 – 15 February 1869), to the whole world Known as ‘Mirza Ghalib’. He is considered the greatest Urdu-Persian poet of all time and is also credited with popularizing the flow of Persian poetry in the Indian language. The letters written by Ghalib, which were not published at that time, are also considered important documents of Urdu writing. Ghalib is known as an important poet in India and Pakistan. He got the titles of Dabir-ul-Mulk and Nazm-ud-Daulah. Ghalib remained in debt all his life, but he never allowed his glory to diminish. Not one of their seven children survived. The pension with which he and his house had got support was also stopped. Ghalib belonged to the Nawabi family and held a high position in the Mughal court. He was born on 27 December 1797 in Agra.

Ujjwal Singh (27 December 1895 – 15 February 1983), was a prominent Sikh activist from Punjab. He was one of the founding members of the ‘Shiromani Gurdwara Prabandhak Committee. Sardar Ujjwal Singh was in favor of the independence of the country through constitutional means. After the independence and partition of the country, he left all his property in Pakistan and came to India. He was the Governor of Punjab in 1965 and Madras (now Chennai) in 1966. He was born on 27 December 1895.

Nityanand Swami (27 December 1927 – 12 December 2012), the first Chief Minister of Uttarakhand and a veteran leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party. He was born on 27 December 1927.

Salman Khan is a famous actor in Hindi films but is also a producer, television personality, and social worker. He acted in many small and big films in his career and gradually the number of his fans increased continuously. He has made a mark in the film industry and is one of the leading actors in Hindi cinema. The craze of his fans is such that his fans are desperate to get a glimpse of him. Many times, it has happened that he has to face a lot of problems from his fans. He is at the top of the Times Celebex Bollywood Actors Index ratings. He was born on 27 December 1927.

Read More: 26 December in Indian and World History

Death Anniversary

27 December in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:

Farooq Sheikh (25 March 1948 – 27 December 2013), was an Indian actor, philanthropist, and television presenter. He rose to fame because of his acting in films of the 70s and 80s. He was generally known for his work in an art cinema also known as parallel cinema. He also worked under the direction of great film directors of Indian cinema like Satyajit Ray and Hrishikesh Mukherjee. He died on 27 December 2013.

Read More: 25 December in Indian and World History

Notable events on 27 December in Indian and World History

27 December 1571 – Johannes Kepler, a German mathematician, astronomer, and astrologer who is best known for his laws of planetary motion, was born.

27 December 1822 – French physician and chemist Louis Pasteur was born.

27 December 1825 – The first public railway with a steam engine was completed between Stockton and Darlington, England.

27 December 1861 – the first public bid for tea was held in Calcutta (now Kolkata).

27 December 1911 – ‘Jana Gana Mana’ was sung for the first time during the Calcutta (now Kolkata) session of the Indian National Congress.

27 December 1923 – In Tokyo, the Crown Prince of Japan survived an assassination attempt.

27 November 1925 – Munier Chowdhury was born.

27 December 1934 – The Shah of Persia announced the change of the name of Persia to Iran.

27 December 1936 – Mehmet Akif Ersoy a Turkish poet and patriot, renowned for his literary contributions and his role in shaping the spirit of the Turkish nation.

27 December 1939 – The earthquake in Turkey killed about forty thousand people.

27 December 1963 – Don Paterson, a Scottish poet, writer, and musician, was born.

27 December 1942 – Albert Ekka, an Indian soldier, and Nobel Prize Laureate, was born.

27 December 1945 – The World Bank was established to strengthen the global economy.

27 December 1945 – establishment of the International Monetary Fund in 1945 with 29 member states.

27 December 1949 – The Netherlands officially recognized Indonesia’s independence.

27 December 1945 – The historic agreement of Moscow was signed after the end of World War II. Based on this the Korean peninsula, which was considered a country, was divided into two parts.

27 December 1961 – Diplomatic relations between Belgium and the Congo were restored.

27 December 1966 – The world’s longest cave ‘Cave of Swallows’ was discovered in Aquismon, Mexico.

27 December 1968 – Apollo 8, the first manned mission to orbit the Moon, landed in the Pacific Ocean.

27 December 1972 – A new constitution came into effect in North Korea.

27 December 1975 – 372 people died in a coal mine accident at Chasnala in Dhanbad district of Jharkhand.

27 December 1979 – Afghanistan underwent a political change and the assassination of Hafizullah Amin in the military revolution.

27 December 1985 – extremists attacked the Vienna and Rome airports in Europe, killing 16 people and injuring more than a hundred.

27 December 2000 – Legal recognition of premarital relations in Australia.

27 December 2001 – the United States and Russia were active in stopping the Indo-Pak war; Lashkar-e-Toiba appointed Abdul Wahid Kashmiri as its new chief.

27 December 2001 – the United Nations ordered the sealing of the accounts of the Pakistani terrorist organization ‘Umma-e-Tamir-e-Bo’.

27 December 2002 – The first human clone named ‘Eve’ originated in the United States.

27 December 2004 – India defeated Bangladesh in the third and final ODI to win the series 2–1.

27 December 2007 – the former Prime Minister of Pakistan, Benazir Bhutto was shot dead near Rawalpindi.

27 December 2008 – Taare Zameen Par won the Best Film Award at the V. Shantaram Awards ceremony.

27 December Historical Significance

On December 27th, several significant events have marked history. In 1831, Charles Darwin embarked on his voyage aboard the HMS Beagle, laying the groundwork for his groundbreaking theory of evolution. This journey would profoundly influence his understanding of natural selection and the origin of species. In 1945, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) was established with the goal of fostering global monetary cooperation and stabilizing exchange rates. Its creation aimed to prevent the economic instability that had contributed to the Great Depression and World War II. Additionally, on December 27th, 2007, former Pakistani Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto was assassinated, sparking widespread unrest and political turmoil in the region. Bhutto’s assassination highlighted the challenges of political stability and security faced by Pakistan. These events on December 27th have left a lasting impact on science, economics, and politics, shaping the course of history.

Important Days of 27 December in History

National Fruitcake Day: This day celebrates the fruitcake, a traditional dessert often associated with the holiday season. Fruitcake typically contains candied or dried fruits, nuts, and spices, and is often soaked in spirits like rum or brandy.

Visit the Zoo Day: This day encourages people to visit their local zoos to appreciate and learn about the diverse range of wildlife that these institutions house. It’s an opportunity for families and individuals to connect with nature and support conservation efforts.

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