27 May in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 27 May is the birth anniversary of Hariharananda Giri, O.N Velu Kurup, Nitin Gadkari, and Ravi Shastri.
27 May is also observed as the death anniversary of Jawaharlal Nehru, P. Kunhiraman Nair, Oduvil Unnikrishnan, and Ibrahim Saeed.
27 May in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:
Hariharananda Giri (27 May 1907 – 3 December 2002), an Indian yogi and guru who taught in India as well as in western countries. He was the head of the Kriya Yoga Institute, United States, and founder of worldwide Kriya Yoga Centers. Hariharananda was a direct disciple of Yukteswar Giri. He was born on 27 May 1907 in Habibpur, Nadia district, West Bengal.
O.N Velu Kurup (27 May 1931 – 13 February 2016), a Malayalam poet and lyricist from Kerala, India. He was a leader of the All India Students Federation (AISF). During his lifespan, he won many awards for his works such as the Jnanpith Award, the highest literary award in India for the year 2007, the Padma Shri in 1998, Padma Vibhushan in 2011, and an Honorary Doctorate by University of Kerala, Trivandrum. He was born on 27 May 1931 in Chavara, Thiruvithamkoor.
Nitin Gadkari an Indian politician and businessman from Maharashtra who is the current Minister for Road Transport & Highways and the Minister of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises in the Government of India. Gadkari was the former President of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) from 2009 to 2013. He was born on 27 May 1957 in Nagpur, Bombay State, India.
Ravi Shastri, an Indian cricket team coach, commentator, cricketer, and current head coach of India’s national cricket team. As a player, he played for the India national cricket team between 1981 and 1992 in both Tests and ODIs. Although he started his career as a left-arm spin bowler, he later transformed into a batting all-rounder. He was born on 27 May 1962 in Bombay, Maharashtra, India.
Read More: 26 May in Indian and World History
27 May in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:
Jawaharlal Nehru (14 November 1889 – 27 May 1964), the first Prime Minister of India and the main focal point of Indian politics before and after independence. He was the main leader of the Indian independence campaign as an assistant to Mahatma Gandhi who fought to make India independent till the end and served the country till his death in 1964 even after independence. He was considered the author of modern India. Being from the Pandit sect he was also called Pandit Nehru. Whereas, because of his attachment to children, children knew him by the name of “Chacha Nehru”. Nehru was awarded the Bharat Ratna India’s highest civilian honor in 1955. He died on 27 May 1964 at the age of 74 in New Delhi, India.
Kunhiraman Nair (4 October 1905 – 27 May 1978), an Indian writer of Malayalam literature. He was known for his romantic poems which detailed the natural beauty of his home state of Kerala in southern India. He also writes on the realities of his life and times. Nair was also a recipient of the Sahitya Akademi Award. He died on 27 May 1978 at the age of 72 in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India.
Oduvil Unnikrishnan (13 February 1943 – 27 May 2006), an Indian film actor. He was known for his versatile acting skills, shown in his portrayal of classical ancient aristocratic personalities in Malayalam cinema with his unique provincial linguistic style, expressions, and dialect. He died on May 27, 2006, at the age of 63 in Perinthalmanna, Malappuram, Kerala, India.
Ibrahim Saeed (20 May 1945 – 27 May 2007), an Indian writer and publisher. He was Saeed was one of the founders of Shanthi Prakashana and later he became chairman of this publishing house. Ibrahim served as a member of the national representative body of Jamat-e-Islami Hind in Delhi for more than a decade. He died at the age of 62 on 27 May 2007.
Read More: 25 May in Indian and World History
Notable events on 27 May in Indian and World history
27 May 1703 – Establishment of St. Petersburg. The city has a special significance in the history of Russia, and it received special recognition as a witness to the Great Russian Revolution of 1917.
27 May 1813 – America captured Fort George, Canada.
27 May 1842 – Juana Alarco de Dammert – a philanthropist and benefactor of Peruvian children – was born.
27 May 1895 – British inventor Bert Acres patented film camera projector.
27 May 1897 – John Cockcroft, a prominent British physicist and Nobel Prize Laureate, was born.
27 May 1907 – Rachel Louise Carson – an American marine biologist, writer, and conservationist – was born.
27 Mat 1908 – Maulana Hakim Nuruddin Ahmadiyya became the first Khalifa of the Muslim community.
27 May 1923 – The Ku Klux Klan denied any requirement of the publication law of its members.
27 May 1921 – Afghanistan gained sovereignty after 84 years of British control.
27 May 1923 – Henry Alfred Kissinger, American diplomat, political theorist, and Nobel Prize Laureate, was born.
27 May 1925 – Adelina Gutiérrez Alonso – a Chilean scientist, academic and professor of astrophysics – was born.
27 May 1927 – Japanese army intervenes in China’s civil war.
27 May 1931 – Faten Hamama – an Egyptian film and television actress and film producer – was born.
27 May 1948 – Trial of murder of Mahatma Gandhi begins.
27 May 1951 – Inauguration of Taraporewala Fish House in Bombay (now Mumbai). Today it is noted as a large collection of fish. Many species of fish and other sea creatures of the world have been kept here.
27 May 1987 – John Howard Northrop, was a distinguished biochemist, and Nobel Prize Laureate, died.
27 May 1991 – Austrian Boeing plane explodes, 223 dead.
27 May 1994 – Russian-born novelist Alexander Solzhenitsyn returns home to Russia after spending 20 years in exile in the US.
27 May 1997 – The first women-only contingent reaches the North Pole from 20 British women in the group.
National Heat Awareness Day 2022
The last Friday in May, which is May 27 this year, is observed as National Heat Awareness Day. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and National Weather Service celebrate National Heat Awareness Day to raise awareness of the (preventable) health dangers associated with heat. The goal is to reduce the overall rate of illnesses and deaths due to heat.