25 May in Indian and World History

OV Digital Desk

25 May in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 25 May is the birth anniversary of Daag Dehalvi, Rash Behari Bose, Ramkinkar Baij, and Karan Johar.

25 May is also observed as the death anniversary of Krushna Chandra Gajapati, Laxmikant–Pyarelal, Sunil Dutt, and Bhagwat Rawat.

Birth Anniversary on 25 May

25 May in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:

Daag Dehalvi (25 May 1831 – 17 March 1905), a poet known for his Urdu ghazals. He belonged to the old Delhi school of Urdu poetry and his real name was Nawab Mirza Khan. Most of his life was spent in Delhi, which appears in his poetry. Daag Dehalvi’s poetry presents a true picture of love. Gulzare-Dag, Aftabe-Dag, Mhatabe-Dag, and Yadgare-Dag are four of his divans, all of which have been published. ‘Fariyade-dag’ is one of his masnavi (Khandakavya). His style became particularly popular due to its simplicity. His poetry became more popular due to the cleanliness and due to the qualities of the language, but one of the reasons is that his poetry is also elegant. He was born on May 25 1831 in Delhi.

Rash Behari Bose (25 May 1886 – 21 January 1945), an Indian revolutionary who played an important role in the organization of ‘Gadar’ and ‘Azad Hind Fauj’ against British rule. He not only within the country but also in other countries conducted revolutionary activities against the British government and tried to bring freedom to India. Rash Behari Bose planned to bomb Delhi’s then Viceroy of India, Lord Charles Harding, planned the Ghadar, went to Japan, and established the Indian Independence League and later the Azad Hind Fauj. Although his efforts to liberate the country were not successful, his role in the freedom struggle of the country was important. He was born on 25 May 1886 in Village–Subaldaha, Purba Bardhaman, West Bengal, India.

Ramkinkar Baij (25 May 1906 – 2 August 1980), an Indian sculptor and painter, one of the pioneers of modern Indian sculpture and a key figure of Contextual Modernism. He was born on 25 May 1906 in Jugipara, Bankura District, Bengal, British India.

Karan Johar, an Indian film director, producer, costume designer, actor, and television personality who works in Hindi films. Johar made his directorial debut with the blockbuster romance Kuch Kuch Hota Hai (1998) which earned him the Filmfare Awards for Best Director and Best Screenplay. Some of his best works include Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham (2001) and Kabhi Alvida Naa Kehna (2006), My Name Is Khan (2010), and many more. My Name Is Khan (2010) earned him his second Filmfare Award for Best Director. He also got the Padma Shri award in 2020. Johar was born on 25 May 1972 in Bombay, Maharashtra, India.

Read More: 24 May in Indian and World History

Death Anniversary on 25 May

25 May in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:

Krushna Chandra Gajapati (26 April 1892 – 25 May 1974), a key personality and regarded as the architect of an Independent united Odisha State. He was also known as Maharaja Sir Krushna Chandra Gajapati Narayana, was a key personality and regarded as the architect of an Independent united Odisha State. He died on 25 May 1974 at the age of 82 Paralakhemundi.

Laxmikant–Pyarelal, an Indian composer duo, consisting of Laxmikant Shantaram Kudalkar and Pyarelal Ramprasad Sharma. Both are considered among the most successful composers in Hindi film history and composed music for about 750 Hindi movies from 1963 to 1998, working for almost all notable filmmakers, including Raj Kapoor, Dev Anand, B.R. Chopra, Shakti Samanta, Manmohan Desai, Yash Chopra, Boney Kapoor, J. Om Prakash, Raj Khosla, L V Prasad, Subhash Ghai, K Viswanath, and Manoj Kumar. Laxmikant died on 25 May 1998 at the age of 60 in Nanavati Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Sunil Dutt (6 June 1929 – 25 May 2005), a famous film actor and politician. He was educated at Jai Hind College in Mumbai. He started his career as an announcer in Radio Ceylon. Radio Ceylon is the oldest radio station in South Asia. Dutt Saheb became extremely popular as an announcer. He had a lot of interest in acting. He soon made a mark in this area. His first film was Railway Station which was made in 1955 and the film Mother India (1957) was a big hit. This film made him a Bollywood star. He acted in more than 50 films and produced and directed many films. He died on 25 May 2005 in the Jhelum district of undivided Punjab.

Bhagwat Rawat (13 September 1939 – 25 May 2012), a progressionist poet and essay writer. He was also the President of Madhya Pradesh Progressive Writers Association and the editor of ‘Vasudha’ magazine. Bhagwat Rawat was famous as the top poet, litterateur of modern Hindi poetry, and the representative poet of the grind away laborers. He died on 25 May 2012.

Read More: 23 May in Indian and World History

Notable events on 25 May in Indian and World History

Some of the Notable events on 25 May in World History are mentioned below:

25 May 1611 – The Mughal ruler Jahangir married Mahrunnisa, later named Nur Jahan.

25 May 1865 – John Raleigh Mott, an evangelist, and Nobel Prize Laureate, was born.

25 May 1865 – Pieter Zeeman, a Dutch physicist, and Nobel Prize Laureate, was born.

25 May 1919 – The Kelat volcano erupted in Java, killing more than 16 thousand people.

25 May 1921 – Jack Steinberger, a renowned physicist, and Nobel Prize Laureate, was born.

25 May 1958 – Ismail Marzuki a renowned Indonesian composer, songwriter, and musician whose work had a profound impact on the music and culture of Indonesia – died.

25 May 1961 – US President John F. Kennedy announced financial support to launch the space mission.

25 May 1963 – For the first time in African history, 32 African countries came together to form the Organization of the African Union.

25 May 1970 – Boeing Computer Services was founded.

25 May 1985 – 10 thousand people died due to the storm in Bangladesh.

25 May 1995 – American scientists received the DNA of the living organism for the first time. Succeeded in decoding.

25 May 1998 – All 15 European Union member states agreed not to ban India due to nuclear tests.

25 May 2003 – Chile won the World Cup tennis title for the first time in history.

25 May 2006 – ASA launched a weather satellite called GOESN into space. The United States successfully test-fired the ship-based interceptor missile.

25 May 2007 – The Sri Lankan government granted in-principle permission on the citizenship of Tamil refugees.

25 May 2008 – A robot sent by the US Space Agency NASA arrived on Mars.

25 May 2010  Gabriel Vargas, a Mexican cartoonist and comics artist best known for his work on the comic strip “La Familia Burrón”, died.

25 May 2011 Leonora Carrington, a British-born surrealist painter and novelist, died.

25 May 2013 – 80-year-old Yuishiro Miura of Japan became the world’s oldest person to climb Mount Everest.

25 May Historical Significance

The date of May 25th holds a rich tapestry of historical events that have shaped the course of human history. On this day in 1787, the Constitutional Convention opened in Philadelphia with George Washington presiding, marking a pivotal moment in the formation of the United States government. In 1810, the May Revolution began with the citizens of Buenos Aires expelling the Spanish Viceroy Cisneros, which was a significant step towards Argentine independence. The day also saw the publication of Samuel Taylor Coleridge’s collection of poems, including “Kubla Khan,” in 1816, influencing the world of literature. Additionally, May 25th is notable for the Edict of Worms in 1521, which declared Martin Luther an outlaw and effectively ushered in the Protestant Reformation. In more recent history, the first Star Wars film was released on May 25, 1977, forever changing the landscape of popular culture and cinema. Each of these events, whether in the realm of politics, culture, or science, demonstrates the lasting impact a single day can have across different facets of society.

Important Days of 25 May in History

Some of the Notable events on 25 May in History are mentioned below:

  • African Liberation Day (Multiple countries in Africa): A day commemorating the foundation of the Organisation of African Unity, now known as the African Union.
  • Geek Pride Day (International): Celebrated by enthusiasts to promote geek culture, coinciding with the release of the first Star Wars film.
  • National Missing Children’s Day (United States): Established to raise awareness about missing children and educate parents on child safety.
  • National Tap Dance Day (United States): Honors the birthday of Bill “Bojangles” Robinson, a significant contributor to tap dance.
  • National Wine Day (International): A day for wine lovers to celebrate and enjoy one of the oldest and most cherished beverages.
  • World Otter Day (International): Observed to raise awareness about the conservation needs of otter species.
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