27 April in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 27 April is the birth anniversary of Mumtaz Mahal, Philip Abelson, Manibhai Bhimbhai Desai, Jayadeva Desai, Prasanna Kumar Patasani, Harish Rawat, and Faisal Saif.
27 April is also observed as the death anniversary of T. K. Madhavan, Rajshekhar Basu, Feroz Khan, and Vinod Khanna.
27 April in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:
Mumtaz Mahal (27 April 1593 – 17 June 1631), the Queen of the Mughal Empire from 19 January 1628 to 17 June 1631 as the wife of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. She was designated Mumtaz as his chief empress with the title of ‘Malika-i-Jahan’ (“Queen of the World”) and ‘Malika-uz-Zamani’ (“Queen of the Age”). The Taj Mahal in Agra is often cited as one of the World’s Wonders, and it was commissioned by Shah Jahan to be built as a mausoleum for Mumtaz Mahal. She was born as on 27 April 1593 in Agra.
Philip Abelson (27 April 1913 – 1 August 2004), an American physicist, scientific editor, and science writer. He was among the first American scientists to verify nuclear fission. He has won many awards such as the Kalinga Prize (1972), National Medal of Science (1987), Public Welfare Medal (1992), and Vannevar Bush Award (1996). He was born on 27 April 1913 in Tacoma, Washington.
Manibhai Bhimbhai Desai (27 April 1920 – 14 November 1993), an Indian social activist and associate of Mahatma Gandhi. After the completion of his higher studies, Desai joined Mahatma Gandhi in the independence struggle. The young Manibhai gave a pledge to Mahatma Gandhi to devote his life to the uplifting of Uruli (Pune) where Gandhiji stayed in 1946. His first major activity there was to manage the Nature cure Ashram which continues to this day and is well known throughout India. Nature cure therapy at the ashram followed guidelines issued by Gandhiji, to make natural medicine and cure. Desai also got many awards such as Padmashree in 1968, and Ramon Magsaysay Award in 1982. He was born on 27 April 1920 in the village of Kosmada, Surat District, Bombay Presidency), British India.
Jayadeva Desai (27 April 1929 – 16 February 2018), an Indian yoga guru, researcher, author, educator, and president of The Yoga Institute. He founded the oldest organized yoga center in the world in 1918. He also prepared the syllabus for NCERT to teach Yoga in schools. He was born on 27 April 1929.
Prasanna Kumar Patasani (born 27 April 1946) is an Indian lawyer, philosopher, poet, and former member of the Lok Sabha. He is the senior vice president and founder member of the Political party Biju Janata Dal. Patasani has published 60 books, in different languages, and has written about 100 articles.
Harish Rawat is an Indian politician who was Chief Minister of Uttarakhand from 2014 to 2017. He is a leader of the Indian National Congress party. Rawat became a Member of Parliament five times. As a member of the 15th Lok Sabha, Rawat also served as Union Minister of Water Resources in the cabinet of Prime Minister Manmohan Singh from 2012 to 2014. He was born on 27 April 1948 in Mohnari village Uttarakhand.
Faisal Saif, an Indian film director, screenwriter, film critic. He was born on 27 April 1976.
Read More: 26 April in Indian and World History
27 April in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:
T.K. Madhavan (2 September 1885 – 27 April 1930), an Indian social reformer, and journalist. He came from Kerala and led the struggle against untouchability which was known as Vaikom Satyagraha. He died on 27 April 1930.
Rajshekhar Basu (16 March 1880 – 27 April 1960), was a Bengali writer, chemist, and lexicographer. He was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1956. He died on 27 April 1960.
Feroz Khan (25 September 1939–27 April 2009), an actor, film editor, producer, and director in the Hindi film industry. He had given many Hit films in his career some of them are Aurat (1967), Safar (1970), Mela (1971), Upaasna (1971), Apradh (1972), Khotte Sikkay (1974), Kala Sona (1975), and Dharmatma (1975). He died on 27 April 2009.
Vinod Khanna (6 October 1946–27 April 2017), an actor, producer, and politician. In his initial career of filmmaking in 1968, Khanna acted in supporting and antagonistic roles; as an angry young man in the movie Mere Apne. In 1982, Khanna temporarily quit the film industry to follow his spiritual guru Osho Rajneesh. He also got Dadasaheb Phalke Award in 2018. He died on 27 April 2017.
Read More: 25 April in Indian and World History
Notable events on 27 April in Indian and World History
27 April 1527 – Babur was declared emperor of Delhi.
27 April 1705 – Auranzeb captured Fort of Vagingera.
27 April 1719 – Mughal Emperor Farukh Siyar was put to death.
27 April 1861 – U.S. President Lincoln issued an order to General Winfield Scott that authorized him to suspend the writ of habeas corpus between Philadelphia and Washington at or near any military line.
27 April 1912 – Zohra Segal, an iconic Indian actress, dancer, and choreographer was born.
27 April 1961 – NASA launches Explorer 11 into Earth orbit to study gamma rays.
27 April 1997 – Gabriel Figueroa – a Mexican cinematographer who is regarded as one of the greatest cinematographers – died.
27 April 1986 – Pranab Mukherjee was expelled from Congress for 6 years.
27 April 1993 – Rashtriya Mahila Kosh was set up.
27 April 1997 – CBI decides to prosecute Laloo Yadav in Rs. 950 crore fodder scam case.
27 April 2009 – Frankie Manning – an American dancer, instructor, and choreographer – died.