19 July in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 19 July is the birth anniversary of Mangal Pandey, Balai Chand Mukhopadhyay, and Nalapat Balamani Amma.

19 July is also observed as the death anniversary of Hans Rām Singh Rawat and Pratap Singh Rao Gaekwad.

Birth Anniversary

19 July in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:

Mangal Pandey (19 July 1827 – 8 April 1857), an Indian soldier who played a key part in the events immediately preceding the outbreak of the Indian rebellion of 1857. He was a sepoy (infantryman) in the 34th Bengal Native Infantry (BNI) regiment of the British East India Company. In 1984, the Indian government issued a postage stamp to remember him. His life and actions have also been portrayed in several cinematic productions. He was born on 19 July 1827.

Balai Chand Mukhopadhyay (19 July 1899 – 9 February 1979) was an Indian Bengali-language novelist, short story writer, playwright, poet, and physician who wrote under the pen name of Banaphul. He was a recipient of the civilian honor of the Padma Bhushan. He was born on 19 July 1899.

Nalapat Balamani Amma (19 July 1909 – 29 September 2004), an Indian poet who wrote in Malayalam. She was a recipient of many awards and honors, including the Padma Bhushan, Saraswati Samman, Sahitya Akademi Award, and Ezhuthachan Award. She was born on 19 July 1909.

Read More: 18 July in Indian and World History

Death Anniversary

19 July in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:

Hans Rām Singh Rawat (8 November 1900 – 19 July 1966), an Indian religious leader. He died on 19 July 1966 in Delhi, India.

Pratap Singh Rao Gaekwad (29 June 1908 – 19 July 1968), belonging to the Gaekwad dynasty of the Marathas, was the last ruling Maharaja of Baroda. He founded the Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda in 1949, as per the wishes of his grandfather. He died on 19 July 1968.

Read More: 17 July in Indian and World History

Notable events on 19 July in Indian and World history

19 July 1763 – Mir Kasim was defeated in the ‘Katwa’ battle by the British.

19 July 1909 – Balamani Amma – one of the first Indian female doctors who practiced with a degree in modern medicine – was born.

19 July 1921 – Rosalyn Sussman Yalow, an American medical physicist, and Nobel Prize Laureate was born.

19 July 1936 Lucha Reyes – a Peruvian performer and one of the most respected singers of her country – was born.

19 July 1940 – Battle of Cape Spada: The Royal Navy and the Regia Marina clash; the Italian light cruiser Bartolomeo Colleoni sinks, with 121 casualties.

19 July 1940 – Field Marshal Ceremony: First occasion in World War II that Adolf Hitler appoints field marshals due to military achievements.

19 July 1940 – Army order 112 forms the Intelligence Corps of the British Army.

19 July 1942 – The Second Happy Time of Hitler’s submarines comes to an end, as the increasingly effective American convoy system compels them to return to the central Atlantic.

19 July 1943 – Rome is heavily bombed by more than 500 Allied aircraft, inflicting thousands of casualties.

19 July 1949 –The king of Tehri Garhwal announces a merger with the Indian Union.

19 July 1969 – The Indian government nationalized 14 major commercial banks.

19 July 1895 – Xu Beihong was a Chinese painter – was born.

19 July 2003  Elena Caffarena, was a Chilean lawyer, feminist, and social activist, died.

19 July 2010 –  David Warren, an Australian scientist best known for inventing and developing the flight data recorder and cockpit voice recorder, died.

Every Year International Retainer Day is observed on the 19 July. In the United States and around the world, millions of people wear retainers every day to maintain a healthy, beautiful smile after orthodontic treatment.

19 July: International Retainer Day

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