18 July in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 18 July is the birth anniversary of Kadambini Ganguly, Vellore Lakshmanaswamy Mudaliar Ethiraj, and Bishnu Dey.

18 July is also observed as the death anniversary of Rajesh Khanna and T. S. Rangarajan.

Birth Anniversary

18 July in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:

Kadambini Ganguly (18 July 1861 – 3 October 1923) was one of the first Indian female doctors who practised with a degree in modern medicine, alongside other pioneering women such as Anandibai Joshi. Ms Ganguly was the first woman to gain admission to Calcutta Medical College in 1884, subsequently trained in Scotland, and established a successful medical practice in India. She was born on 18 July 1861 in Bhagalpur, Bengal Presidency, British India.


Vellore Lakshmanaswamy Mudaliar Ethiraj (18 July 1890 – 18 August 1960) was an Indian lawyer and philanthropist who founded Ethiraj College for Women, a college in Chennai, India. He was the first Indian to be appointed as Crown Prosecutor by the British Raj. He also served as the President of the Madras Bar Association. He was born on 18 July 1890 in Madras Presidency, British India.

Bishnu Dey (18 July 1909 – 3 December 1982), a Bengali poet, writer and academician in the era of modernism, and post-modernism. He published a magazine wherein he encouraged socially conscious writing. Throughout his literary career, he taught English literature at various institutes such as Ripon College, and Presidency College. He was born on 18 July 1909 in Bengal Presidency, British India.

Read More: 17 July in Indian and World History

Death Anniversary

18 July in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:

Rajesh Khanna (29 December 1942 – 18 July 2012) was an Indian actor, film producer and politician. He starred consecutively in a record 15 commercially successful films between 1969 to 1971. He was awarded with numerous accolades: four BFJA Awards and five Filmfare Awards, and in 2013, he was posthumously awarded the Padma Bhushan, India’s third-highest civilian honour. He died on 18 July 2012 in Maharashtra, India.

S. Rangarajan (29 October 1931 – 18 July 2013), an Indian poet and lyricist whose works were in Tamil, had a five-decade-long association with the Tamil film industry, and wrote over 15,000 songs. He acted in a number of films, including Sathya, Hey Ram, Paarthale Paravasam and Poikkal Kudhirai. He was honoured by the Government of India with the Padma Shri, India’s fourth-highest civilian honour in 2007. He died on 18 July 2013 in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Read More: 16 July in Indian and World History

Notable events on 18 July in Indian and World History

18 July 1853 – Hendrik Lorentz a Dutch physicist, and Nobel Laureate, was born.

18 July 1857 – The Universities of Calcutta, Mumbai and Madras were established.

18 July 1910 – Oskar Sala – a German composer and a pioneer of electronic music – was born.

18 July 1918 – Nelson Mandela – a South African anti-apartheid activist and politician who served as the first president of South Africa from 1994 to 1999– was born.

18 July 1927 – Mehdi Hassan – a Pakistani ghazal singer and playback singer for Lollywood – was born.

18 July 1947 – The India Independence Act 1947 Comes into Force

18 July 1980 – Rohini 1, 1st Indian satellite launched into orbit.

18 July 2018 – Burton Richter an American physicist, and Nobel Prize Laureate, died.

18 July: Nelson Mandela International Day 2022 and its Significance

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