Image Courtesy: Google Doodle
Sophie Taeuber-Arp (19 January 1889 – 13 January 1943) was a Swiss artist, painter, sculptor, and designer. She was a leading figure in the Dada movement, a cultural movement that emerged in the wake of World War I, and was known for her abstract geometric art. Taeuber-Arp also designed textiles, furniture, and stage sets, and was a pioneer in the field of dance notation.
Life and Career
Sophie Taeuber-Arp was born on 19 January 1889 in Davos, Switzerland. She studied at the School of Applied Arts in St. Gallen and later at the École des Arts Decoratifs in Geneva. In 1915, she moved to Zurich where she became involved in the Dada movement, a cultural movement that emerged in the wake of World War I and rejected traditional artistic and social values.
Taeuber-Arp began to create abstract geometric art, which was heavily influenced by the Bauhaus school and Constructivism. She was also a pioneer in the field of dance notation, which she used to choreograph her own performances. In 1919, she married the Dada artist Jean Arp, with whom she collaborated on several projects.
In the 1920s, Taeuber-Arp began to design textiles, furniture, and stage sets. She also taught at the Zurich School of Arts and Crafts. In the 1930s, she and her husband moved to France, where they continued to work together on various art projects.
During World War II, Taeuber-Arp and her husband were forced to flee to Switzerland, where she died on 13 January 1943 at the age of 50.
Despite her relatively short career, Taeuber-Arp’s work had a significant impact on the development of abstract geometric art and design. She was a key figure in the Dada movement, and her work continues to be admired and studied today.
Award and Legacy
Her work has been recognized posthumously. In 1949, her work was included in document 1, the first edition of the world-renowned exhibition of contemporary art. In the 1960s, her work was rediscovered by the feminist art movement, which helped to bring her legacy to the forefront.
In 1984, Taeuber-Arp’s work was the subject of a retrospective exhibition at the Kunsthaus Zürich, which later traveled to several other European cities. This exhibition was a major event in the recognition of her work, and her reputation as an artist continued to grow.
In 2001, the Sophie Taeuber-Arp Foundation was established in her honor, with the goal of promoting her work and preserving her legacy. The Foundation organizes exhibitions and publishes books about her work.
Her legacy lies in her pioneering role as a female artist in the early 20th century, her contributions to the Dada movement and her work’s influence on the development of geometric abstraction, textiles and furniture design. Taeuber-Arp’s work continues to be studied and admired today for its innovative, modernist aesthetic and its pioneering spirit.
On 19 January 2016, Google Doodle celebrated Sophie Taeuber-Arp’s 127th Birthday.