13 April in Indian and World History

OV Digital Desk

13 April in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 13 April is the birth anniversary of Swati Tirunal, Chandulal Jaisingh Bhai Shah, Dr. Najma Heptulla, Sunil Arora, and Ritu Karidhal

13 April is also observed as the death anniversary of Balbir Singh Junior, Babu Gulabrai, and Bindheshwari Prasad Mandal.

Birth Anniversary on 13 April

13 April is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personality:

Swati Tirunal (13 April 1813 – 25 December 1846) was the Maharaja of Travancore (present-day Tiruvangoor, Kerala). He was one of the quintessential musicians of the South Indian Carnatic music tradition. Tirunal was born on 13 April 1813 in Travancore, Kerala

Chandulal Jaisingh Bhai Shah (13 April 1898 – 25 November 1975) was a famous director, producer, and screenwriter of Hindi films. He is counted among the famous personalities of Indian cine history. Jaisingh came into films by accident in a way. He amazed everyone by becoming the most accomplished commercial filmmaker of his time. He was born on 13 April 1898 in Gujarat.

Dr. Najma Heptulla is a famous woman politician with a gentle, and influential personality. She is one of the few women politicians in Indian politics, who have made a place for themselves on the strength of their ability. Najma Heptulla has been the oldest and only Muslim woman member of Prime Minister Modi’s cabinet. She was made the Minister of Minority Affairs. She has been the Governor of Manipur twice. Najma Heptulla was born on 13 April 1940 in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh.

Sunil Arora is the 23rd Chief Election Commissioner of India. He is a 1980-batch Indian Administrative Service officer of the Rajasthan cadre. Sunil Arora has taken over the post of Chief Election Commissioner on December 2, 2018. He also served as Secretary to the Government of India in two ministries. Sunil Arora was born on 13 April 1956 in Hoshiarpur, Punjab.

Ritu Karidhal is a female scientist from India. She is a renowned scientist working in the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). She was the Deputy Operations Director of India’s Mangalyaan Mission. Ritu Karidhal is called the ‘Rocket Woman of India’. Ritu Karidhal has worked on several projects of ISRO and served as Director of Operations for some of them. She was born on 13 April 1975 in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh.

Read More: 12 April in Indian and World History

Death Anniversary on 13 April

13 April is also observed as the death anniversary of the following personality:

Balbir Singh Junior (2 June 1932 – 13 April 2021) was a former player of the Indian hockey team. He was part of the Indian team that won silver in the 1958 Asian Games held in Tokyo, Japan. Balbir Singh Jr lived in Chandigarh after retiring as a Major in the Indian Army. He died on 13 April 2021.

Babu Gulabrai (17 January 1888 – 13 April 1963) was a famous litterateur, essayist and satirist of India. He always gave importance to simple literature, so that the Hindi language could reach the masses. Gulabrai ji has done two types of creations-philosophical and literary. His philosophical writings are the result of his serious study and contemplation. He has extensively used pure language and refined Khadi Boli in his creations. Babu Gulabrai’s place is very high among the essay writers and critics of modern times. He died on 13 April 1963.

Bindheshwari Prasad Mandal (25 August 1918 – 13 April 1982) an Indian politician and Chief Minister of Bihar. He was a leader of the Indian National Congress and was the Chief Minister from 1 February 1968 to 2 March 1968. B. P. Mandal is remembered in history as a hero, especially a great icon of the backward classes, because of the recommendations made as the chairman of the Second Backward Classes Commission. He died on 13 April 1982.

Read More: 11 April in Indian and World History

Notable events on 13 April in Indian and World History

13 April 1771 – Richard Trevithick, a British inventor and mining engineer whose significant contributions were the development of the first high-pressure steam engine, was born.

13 April 1841 — Semper Opera House was inaugurated.

13 April 1919Jallianwala Bagh Massacre. Four hundred people were killed in indiscriminate firing by the British and Gurkha soldiers on the unarmed crowd.

13 April 1994 – Golden Jubilee session of Escape completed in New Delhi, formation of ‘Child Right Worldsite’ organization by 112 Nobel Laureates to fight against the exploitation of children around the world.

13 April 2002-The United States welcomed the commitment of LTTE chief V. Prabhakaran towards peace.

13 April 2003 – L.T.E. boycotted the Tokyo Aid Conference.

13 April 2004 – Brian Lara played a historic inning of 400 runs while playing against England in Antigua.

13 April 2005 – Viswanathan Anand became ‘World Chess Champion’ for the fourth time.

13 April 2007 – 60 years of India-Russia diplomatic relations were completed.

13 April 2018 – The 65th National Film Awards were announced. Dadasaheb Phalke Award to Sridevi Best Actress, Vinod Khanna.

Important Days

Here are some important days observed on 13 April:

  • National Peach Cobbler Day: While not an official holiday, April 13th is recognized as National Peach Cobbler Day in the United States. It’s a day to enjoy this delicious dessert made with fresh peaches and a sweet biscuit-like topping.
  • National Scrabble Day: Celebrated annually on April 13th, this day honors the popular word game Scrabble, invented by Alfred Mosher Butts in the 1930s.