Yang Chen-Ning is a Chinese theoretical physicist. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1957.
Life and Career
Yang Chen-Ning was born on 1 October 1922 (age 100 years), in Hefei, China. He attended high school in Beijing and later enrolled at the National Southwest Associated University in Kunming during World War II.
Yang completed his undergraduate studies in China and then pursued graduate studies in the United States.
Yang Chen-Ning obtained his Ph.D. in physics from the University of Chicago in 1948, where he worked under the supervision of the prominent physicist Enrico Fermi.
One of his most famous contributions to physics was the Yang-Mills theory, which he developed in collaboration with Robert Mills. This theory is a cornerstone of the standard model of particle physics and describes the fundamental forces between particles.
Yang also made significant contributions to the field of statistical mechanics and quantum field theory. In 1957, Yang, along with Tsung-Dao Lee, conducted groundbreaking research on the violation of parity conservation in weak nuclear interactions. Their work led to the verification of a fundamental asymmetry in nature, which earned them the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1957.
Yang Chen-Ning was a professor at various prestigious institutions, including the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton and the State University of New York at Stony Brook.
Yang Chen-Ning continued to be active in the field of physics and academia throughout his life. He was also a strong advocate for science education and collaboration between the United States and China.
Award and Legacy
Yang Chen-Ning, along with his colleague Tsung-Dao Lee, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1957 for their groundbreaking work on the violation of parity conservation in weak nuclear interactions. This discovery fundamentally changed the field of particle physics and led to a deeper understanding of the fundamental forces governing the universe.
In addition to the Nobel Prize, Yang received numerous other honors and awards, including the Albert Einstein Award, the Matteucci Medal, and the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic.
Yang Chen-Ning’s work and contributions to the field of theoretical physics have left a lasting legacy, and he is remembered as one of the most influential physicists of the 20th century. His research not only advanced our understanding of fundamental forces and particles but also played a crucial role in shaping the direction of modern physics.