1 October in Indian and World History
1 October in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 1 October is the birth anniversary of Sir Subbier Subramania Iyer, Annie Besant, Pratap Singh Kairon, Ayillyath Kuttiari Gopalan, and Ram Nath Kovind.
1 October is also observed as the death anniversary of Chandan Singh Garhwali.
1 October in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:
Sir Subbier Subramania Iyer (1 October 1842 – 5 December 1924), counted among the prominent leaders of South India of his time. As a member of the regional council, as a lawyer, as a judge, as a congressman, as an educationist and as a social worker, he was engaged in public life for about 30 years. He was more famous by the name of Mani Iyer. He had led the representatives of Madras province in the first establishment session of the Indian National Congress held in Mumbai in 1885. Iyer was born on 1 October 1842 in Madras.
Annie Besant (1 October 1847 – 20 September 1933), an eminent social activist, writer and freedom fighter with deep affection for the soil of India. Annie Besant had created the image of ‘Iron Lady’ by strongly protesting injustice on several occasions. Annie Besant was very much attracted to Indian philosophy and Hinduism and came to India to spread Theosophy. She had a wonderful love and affection for India and the respect and respect given to him by the people of India was also visible. Annie Besant, who calls India her home, studied religions around the world deeply, to awaken the spiritually and politically sleepy India. Annie was born on 1 October 1847 in London, England.
Pratap Singh Kairon (1 October 1901 – 6 February 1965), a famous freedom fighter, former Chief Minister of Punjab, and a prominent leader. At that time Haryana and Himachal Pradesh were also under ‘Punjab’. He was born on 1 October 1901 in Amritsar.
Ayillyath Kuttiari Gopalan (1 October 1904 – 22 March 1977), one of the freedom fighters of India and a prominent communist leader of Kerala. He also did teach for seven years. He used to organize separate classes for the poor students. When Mahatma Gandhi started the ‘Satyagraha Movement’, A.K. Gopalan resigned as a teacher. He became a member of the Congress Socialist Party in the year 1934. He later joined the Communist Party. When the Communist Party split in 1964, Gopalan chose to remain in the Communist Party. He has also written several books including his autobiography. Gopalan was born on 1 October 1904 in Kannur, Kerala.
Ram Nath Kovind, the 14th President of India. On July 25, 2017, after the completion of the term of former President Pranab Mukherjee, he has assumed the office of the President of the country. Chief Justice of the Supreme Court J.S. Khehar administered the oath of office to the President of India. Ram Nath Kovind was elected as the 14th President of the country on July 20, 2017. A lawyer by profession, Kovind has been the head of the ‘Scheduled Caste Morcha’ of the BJP. He has also been a member of the Rajya Sabha and the Governor of Bihar. Kovind was born on 1 October 1945 in Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh.
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1 October in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:
Chandan Singh Garhwali (1891 AD – 1 October 1979), one of the revolutionaries of India. Chandan Singh was the head of the ‘Garhwal Regiment’. During the ‘Civil Disobedience Movement’, when the anti-British struggle under the leadership of Abdul Ghaffar Khan was in full swing in the North-West Frontier Province, the British Government appointed Chandan Singh’s ‘Garhwal Regiment’ to suppress it. During the movement, when the British officers ordered to open fire on the non-violent protestors, Chandan Singh refused to fire. For this he was deposed and punished. He died on 1 October 1979.
Read More: 29 September in Indian and World History
Notable events on 1 October in Indian and World history
1 October 1854 – The circulation of postage stamps in India started.
1 October 1919 – The Hunter Committee was established by the British Government on this day.
1 October 1949 – The Communist Party’s rule in China began on this day.
1 October 1953 – Andhra Pradesh became a separate state.
1 October 1960 – Nigeria became independent from the United Kingdom on this day.
1 October 1967 – The Tourism Development Corporation of India was established.
1 October 1996 – The West Asia Summit was inaugurated by US President Bill Clinton.
1 October 1998 – In conflict between the army and LTTE extremists for the capture of the cities of Kilinochchi and Mankulam in Sri Lanka, 1300 people died.
1 October 2000 – The 27th Olympic Games were held in Sydney.
1 October 2002 – India got its first gold medal in snooker competition at the Asiad Games.
1 October 2003 – India allayed Bangladesh’s apprehensions regarding the interlinking of rivers.
1 October 2007 – Japan announced the extension of sanctions against North Korea for another six months.
1 October 2008 – Terrorists carried out a bomb blast in Agartala, the capital of Tripura.
1 October 2015 – Heavy rains and landslides killed 280 people in Santa Catarina Pinula, Guatemala.