1 October in Indian and World History

OV Digital Desk

1 October in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 1 October is the birth anniversary of Sir Subbier Subramania Iyer, Annie Besant, Pratap Singh Kairon, Ayillyath Kuttiari Gopalan, Sivaji Ganesan, and Ram Nath Kovind.

1 October is also observed as the death anniversary of Abdul Rahim, Chandan Singh Garhwali, and Aditya Vikram Birla.

Birth Anniversary on 1 October

1 October in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:

Sir Subbier Subramania Iyer (1 October 1842 – 5 December 1924), counted among the prominent leaders of South India of his time. As a member of the regional council, as a lawyer, as a judge, as a congressman, as an educationist and as a social worker, he was engaged in public life for about 30 years. He was more famous by the name of Mani Iyer. He had led the representatives of Madras province in the first establishment session of the Indian National Congress held in Mumbai in 1885. Iyer was born on 1 October 1842 in Madras.

Annie Besant (1 October 1847 – 20 September 1933), an eminent social activist, writer and freedom fighter with deep affection for the soil of India. Annie Besant had created the image of ‘Iron Lady’ by strongly protesting injustice on several occasions. Annie Besant was very much attracted to Indian philosophy and Hinduism and came to India to spread Theosophy. She had a wonderful love and affection for India and the respect and respect given to him by the people of India was also visible. Annie Besant, who calls India her home, studied religions around the world deeply, to awaken the spiritually and politically sleepy India. Annie was born on 1 October 1847 in London, England.

Pratap Singh Kairon (1 October 1901 – 6 February 1965), a famous freedom fighter, former Chief Minister of Punjab, and a prominent leader. At that time Haryana and Himachal Pradesh were also under ‘Punjab’. He was born on 1 October 1901 in Amritsar.

Ayillyath Kuttiari Gopalan (1 October 1904 – 22 March 1977), one of the freedom fighters of India and a prominent communist leader of Kerala. He also did teach for seven years. He used to organize separate classes for the poor students. When Mahatma Gandhi started the ‘Satyagraha Movement’, A.K. Gopalan resigned as a teacher. He became a member of the Congress Socialist Party in the year 1934. He later joined the Communist Party. When the Communist Party split in 1964, Gopalan chose to remain in the Communist Party. He has also written several books including his autobiography. Gopalan was born on 1 October 1904 in Kannur, Kerala.

Sivaji Ganesan (1 October 1928 – 21 July 2001) an Indian actor and producer. He was active in Tamil cinema during the latter half of the 20th century. Sivaji Ganesan is acknowledged as one of the greatest Indian actors of all time and among the most imitated one by other actors.

Ram Nath Kovind, the 14th President of India. On July 25, 2017, after the completion of the term of former President Pranab Mukherjee, he has assumed the office of the President of the country. Chief Justice of the Supreme Court J.S. Khehar administered the oath of office to the President of India. Ram Nath Kovind was elected as the 14th President of the country on July 20, 2017. A lawyer by profession, Kovind has been the head of the ‘Scheduled Caste Morcha’ of the BJP. He has also been a member of the Rajya Sabha and the Governor of Bihar. Kovind was born on 1 October 1945 in Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh.

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Death Anniversary on 1 October

1 October in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:

Abdul Rahim (17 December 1556 – 1 October 1627), was a famous Hindi poet. He had an important place in the court of Akbar. Rahim was one of the Navaratnas of Akbar. Akbar gave him the title of ‘Khanakhana’ due to his bravery in the war of Gujarat.

Chandan Singh Garhwali (1891 AD – 1 October 1979), one of the revolutionaries of India. Chandan Singh was the head of the ‘Garhwal Regiment’. During the ‘Civil Disobedience Movement’, when the anti-British struggle under the leadership of Abdul Ghaffar Khan was in full swing in the North-West Frontier Province, the British Government appointed Chandan Singh’s ‘Garhwal Regiment’ to suppress it. During the movement, when the British officers ordered to open fire on the non-violent protestors, Chandan Singh refused to fire. For this he was deposed and punished. He died on 1 October 1979.

Aditya Vikram Birla  (14 November 1943 – 1 October 1995) known as India’s first global industrialist, He was born into one of the biggest corporate families in India and managed the group’s expansion into the telecoms, petrochemical, and textile industries. He established factories in Egypt, the Philippines, and Southeast Asia, making him one of the first Indian manufacturers to go global. By 1995, his estimated net worth was £250 million. His young son Kumar Mangalam Birla took over the leadership of his group of firms after his death at the age of 51. He died of cancer on October 1, 1995.

Read More: 29 September in Indian and World History

Notable events on 1 October in Indian and World history

1 October 1854 – The circulation of postage stamps in India started.

1 October 1892 – Emilio Pettoruti – a pioneering Argentine painter – was born.

1 October 1919 – The Hunter Committee was established by the British Government on this day.

1 October 1949 – The Communist Party’s rule in China began on this day.

1 October 1953 – Andhra Pradesh became a separate state.

1 October 1953 Grete Waitz – a Norwegian marathon runner and former world record holder – was born.

1 October 1960 – Nigeria became independent from the United Kingdom on this day.

1 October 1967 – The Tourism Development Corporation of India was established.

1 October 1996 – The West Asia Summit was inaugurated by US President Bill Clinton.

1 October 1998 – In conflict between the army and LTTE extremists for the capture of the cities of Kilinochchi and Mankulam in Sri Lanka, 1300 people died.

1 October 2000 – The 27th Olympic Games were held in Sydney.

1 October 2002 – India got its first gold medal in snooker competition at the Asiad Games.

1 October 2003 – India allayed Bangladesh’s apprehensions regarding the interlinking of rivers.

1 October 2007 – Japan announced the extension of sanctions against North Korea for another six months.

1 October 2008 – Terrorists carried out a bomb blast in Agartala, the capital of Tripura.

1 October 2015 – Heavy rains and landslides killed 280 people in Santa Catarina Pinula, Guatemala.

1 October Historical Significance

On October 1st, many important historical events occurred. This day in 331 BC saw Alexander the Great defeat Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Gaugamela, which is regarded as one of the most significant conflicts in ancient history. In more recent times, the People’s Republic of China was founded on October 1st, 1949, a significant event in the 20th century that influenced world politics. In addition, the Congress of Vienna, which got underway on October 1st, 1814, was a significant diplomatic occasion that reshaped Europe’s post-Napoleonic frontiers and destiny.

Important Days of 1 October in History

  • Nigeria Independence Day: Independence Day is an official national holiday in Nigeria, celebrated on the 1st of October. It marks Nigeria’s proclamation of independence from British rule on 1 October 1960. This event symbolizes the triumph of a people’s enduring struggle for self-determination and sovereignty. Independence Day is a time of reflection on Nigeria’s rich cultural diversity and its unity amidst numerous ethnic groups, languages, and traditions.
  • National Day of the People’s Republic of China: Every year on October 1st, the People’s Republic of China bursts into a vibrant display of festivity, marking the National Day. This day commemorates the historic moment in 1949 when the Chinese people, after a long period of civil unrest and foreign invasions, witnessed the birth of a new era under the leadership of the Communist Party of China.
  • International Day of Older Persons: A day to acknowledge the contributions of older persons and the issues they face.
  • International Coffee Day: Celebrating the coffee culture and the people involved in creating the beloved beverage.
  • World Vegetarian Day: Promoting the benefits and joy of vegetarianism to the global community.