7 November in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 7 November is the birth anniversary of Pandit Vishwambhar Nath, Bipin Chandra Pal, and Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman.
7 November is also observed as the death anniversary of Bahadur Shah Zafar, and Chidambaram Subramaniam.
7 November in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:
Pandit Vishwambhar Nath (7 November 1832 – 1908), a famous political activist. A very skilled orator, Pandit Vishwambhar Nath was a supporter of communal harmony. Vishwambhar Nath was also a member of ‘Imperial Legislative Council’ and ‘Uttar Pradesh Council’. He was born on 7 November 1832 in Delhi.
Bipin Chandra Pal (7 November 1858 – 20 May 1932), an India’s freedom fighter considered as the ‘father of revolutionary ideas’, which shook the heart of the British. He was a part of ‘Lal’ ‘Bal’ ‘Pal’ trio. Apart from being a teacher and journalist, he was also an accomplished speaker and writer. According to historian V.C. Sahu, Bipin Chandra was part of a trio of revolutionary patriots of Congress, Lala Lajpat Rai, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, and Vipin Chandra Pal (Lal Bal Pal), who launched a vigorous movement against the partition of Bengal in 1905. He was born on 7 November 1858 in Habibganj District, (present-day Bangladesh).
Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (7 November 1888 – 21 November 1970), the first person who brought India to fame in the scientific world. There were achievements of science in ancient India, such as the discovery of the zero and decimal system, the rotation of the earth on its axis, and the formulas of Ayurveda, etc. But as a whole, no significant progress was made in the experimental angle of science. Raman discovered that lost path and propounded the rules which opened the way for the development and progress of independent India. It is difficult to estimate the impetus that Raman gave to the study and research of science in independent India. He was born on 7 November 1888 in Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu.
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Bahadur Shah Zafar (24 October 1775 – 7 November 1862), the last emperor of the Mughal Empire. His reign was from 1837-57. Bahadur Shah Zafar was a poet, musician and well-wisher and was more of an aesthetic person than a political leader. He was the twentieth and last Mughal Emperor of India. Zafar died on 7 November 1862 in Rangoon, Burma Province, British India.7 November in Indian and World History7 November in Indian and World History7 November in Indian and World History7 November in Indian and World History7 November in Indian and World History
Chidambaram Subramaniam (30 January 1910 – 7 November 2000), known as the “Father of the Green Revolution” in India. When India got independence, at that time the situation of food production in the country was very deplorable. There was a famine in many places. In Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa many people became victims of starvation and became the victims of time. When C. Subrahmanyam was made Agriculture Minister at the Centre, he implemented many schemes to make the country self-sufficient in food production. It was because of his better agricultural policies that record foodgrain production in the country happened in 1972. Due to the policies and efficient efforts of C. Subrahmanyam, today the country has become completely self-sufficient in food production. He died on 7 November 2000.
Read More: 4 November in Indian and World History
Notable events on 7 November in Indian and World history
7 November 1862 – Bahadur Shah II, the last ruler of the Mughal Sultanate, died in Rangoon.
7 November 1876 – Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay composed the song Vande Mataram in a village called Kantal Pada in Bengal.
7 November 1944 – Franklin D. Roosevelt was appointed President of the United States for the fourth time.
7 November 1951 – The Constitution of Jordan was passed.
7 November 1968 – The then Soviet Union conducted nuclear tests.
7 November 1972 – North Eastern Council (NEC) was formally inaugurated on 7 November 1972 at Shillong, Meghalaya, marking the beginning of a new chapter of concerted and planned endeavour on the part of the Government of India for the North Eastern Region. It is under the administrative purview of Ministry of Development of the North-Eastern Region (MDoNER). Established by an Act of the Parliament in 1971 (Act No. 84 of 1971)
7 November 1996 – The US space agency NASA launched the Mars Global Surveyor in 1996.
7 November 1998 – US President Bill Clinton announced the easing of sanctions on India and Pakistan.
7 November 2003 – President Chandrika Kumaratunga withdrew the declaration of emergency in Sri Lanka.
7 November 2006 – India and ASEAN agreed to create a Fund for the Development of Science and Technology.
7 November 2008 – The Lok Sabha members of the Janata Dal (United) of Bihar resigned from their posts.
7 November 2008 – Renowned Kashmir poet Rehman Rahi was awarded the Jnanpith Award.
National Cancer Awareness Day is observed in India on November 7th each year. This day serves as an opportunity to raise awareness about the prevention, detection, and treatment of various types of cancer. It aims to educate the public about the importance of early detection, healthy lifestyle choices, and access to quality cancer care.