5 March in Indian and World History

OV Digital Desk

5 March in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 5 March is the birth anniversary of Air Marshal Subroto Mukerjee, Gangubai Hangal, Bijayananda Patnaik, Shivajirao Girdhar Patil, and Saurabh Shukla.

5 March is also observed as the death anniversary of Jalal Agha, and Chittajallu Rajeevalochana.

Birth Anniversary on 5 March

5 March in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:

Air Marshal Subroto Mukerjee (5 March 1911 – 8 November 1960), first Indian Commander-in-Chief (C-in-C) of the Indian Air Force. His career spanned almost three decades and had been awarded many honors until his untimely demise in 1960. He has been called the “Father of the Indian Air Force”. He was born on 5 March 1911 in Kolkata, India.

Gangubai Hangal (5 March 1913 – 21 July 2009), was an Indian singer of the khayal genre of Hindustani classical music. She was known for her deep and powerful voice. Ms. Hangal belonged to the Kirana gharana. Gangubai Hangal was born in Dharwad on 5 March 1913.

Bijayananda Patnaik (5 March 1916 – 17 April 1997), popularly known as Biju Patnaik, was an Indian politician, aviator and businessman. He served twice as the Chief Minister of the State of Odisha. He was educated at Ravenshaw College in Odisha. He had a desire to be in the aviation sector. He dropped his ongoing education and got himself trained as a pilot. Shree  Patnaik flew with private airlines but at the start of the Second World War, he joined the Royal Indian Air Force eventually becoming head of air transport command. For his courageous support during Indonesia support, Patnaik was given honorary citizenship in Indonesia. In 2015, Sukarno’s daughter Megawati Sukarnoputri recounted how it was Patnaik who suggested she be named Meghavati or “daughter of clouds”. She, whose full name is Diah Permata Megawati Setiawati Sukarnoputri, later became Indonesia’s first female president, serving from 2001 to 2004. In 2021, the Indonesian Embassy in New Delhi designated a room in the name of Biju Patnaik. On the walls of the Biju Patnaik room are photographs, newspaper clippings, and letters that document Shree Patnaik’s secret assignments to fly out Indonesian leaders, as well as his relations with the Indonesian leadership. Biju Patnaik was born on 5 March 1916 in Cuttack, British India.

Shivajirao Girdhar Patil (5 March 1925 – 22 July 2017), is an Indian social activist and politician from the state of Maharashtra. Mr. Patil has been associated with various political parties and has been a member of the Maharashtra Legislative Council, Maharashtra Legislative Assembly, and later also of the Rajya Sabha for one term. Recently in 2013, he was presented with Padma Bhushan; India’s third-highest civilian award. He was born on 5 March 1925.

Saurabh Shukla, an Indian film, theatre, and television actor and director. He is famous for his roles in Satya (1998), Yuva (2004), and Barfi! (2012), Jolly LLB (2013), Kick (2014), PK (2014), Jolly LLB 2 (2017), and Raid (2018). He has also worked on a short documentary with Ruth Agnihotri and Rachael Agnihotri in Goa. In 2014, he won the National Film Award for Best Supporting Actor for his role in Jolly LLB. He was born on 5 March 1963 in Gorakhpur, India.

Read More: 4 March in Indian and World History

Death Anniversary on 5 March

5 March in Indian history is remembered as the death anniversary of the following personalities:

Jalal Agha (11 July 1945 – 5 March 1995), was an Indian actor and director in Bollywood films. Jalal studied acting at the Film and Television Institute of India, Pune. He made his debut as a child actor playing the young version of Jehangir (who was played by Dilip Kumar as an adult) in the historical epic Mughal-E-Azam, which was released in 1960. He appeared in more than 60 Bollywood films. He died on 5 March 1995 in New Delhi India, at the age of 49.

Chittajallu Rajeevalochana (15 August 1935 – 5 March 2013), is an Indian classical dancer and film actress. She was also known as Rajasulochana.  She has acted in more than 300 Telugu, Tamil, Kannada, Malayalam and Hindi language films. She died on 5 March 2013 in Chennai, India, at the age of 77.

Read More: 3 March in Indian and World History

Notable events on 5 March in Indian and World History

5 March 1851The Geological Survey of India (GSI) was established. It is a government organization that is an office associated with the Ministry of Mines of the Union Government of India. It conducts geological surveys and studies and is one of the oldest such organizations in the world.

5 March 1931Gandhi-Irwin agreement was signed. It was signed between Mohandas K. Gandhi, leader of the Indian nationalist movement, and Lord Irwin. It marked the end of a period of civil disobedience (satyagraha) in India against British rule that Gandhi and his followers had initiated with the Salt March.

5 March 1934 – Daniel Kahneman an Israeli American psychologist, economist, and Nobel Prize Laureate, was born.

5 March 1942 – Japanese forces capture Batavia, the capital of the Dutch East Indies, which is left undefended after the withdrawal of the KNIL garrison and Australian Black force battalion to Buitenzorg and Bandung.

5 March 1953Joseph Stalin, the longest-serving leader of the Soviet Union, dies at his Volynskoe dacha in Moscow after suffering a cerebral hemorrhage four days earlier.

5 March 1953  Sergey Prokofiev – a Russian composer, pianist, and conductor – died.

March 5, 1907 – The first radio broadcast of a musical composition took place when Lee De Forest transmitted the performance of Rossini’s William Tell Overture from Telharmonic Hall in NY to the Brooklyn Navy Yard.

5 March Historical Significance

March 5 holds notable significance in history due to several impactful events. On this day in 1770, the Boston Massacre occurred, where British soldiers killed five civilian men, an event that escalated tensions leading to the American Revolution. In 1933, during the Great Depression, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt declared a “bank holiday,” closing all banks and freezing financial transactions to stabilize the banking system. Additionally, on March 5, 1946, Winston Churchill delivered his famous “Iron Curtain” speech in Fulton, Missouri, which articulated the growing divide between the Western powers and the Soviet Union, marking a defining moment in the onset of the Cold War. These events reflect the day’s significance in shaping political, social, and economic landscapes across different eras.

Important Days of 5 March in History

St. Piran’s Day: Celebrated in Cornwall, England, this day honors St. Piran, the patron saint of Cornwall and tin miners. Festivities include parades, concerts, and traditional Cornish pastries.

Custom Chief’s Day: Celebrated in Vanuatu, this public holiday recognizes the authority of customary chiefs and their role in maintaining cultural traditions and social order in the community.