3 March in Indian History
3 March in Indian history is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 3 March is the birth anniversary of Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata, Motganhalli Laxminarsu Jaisimha, and Jaspal Singh Bhatti. 3 March is also observed as the death anniversary of Aurangzeb, Firaq Gorakhpuri, and Ganti Mohana Chandra Balayogi.
3 March in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:
Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata (3 March 1839 – 19 May 1904), an Indian pioneer industrialist. He founded Tata Group, India’s biggest business conglomerate. He also established the city of Jamshedpur. He was regarded as the legendary “Father of Indian Industry“. Jamsetji Tata was born on 3 March 1839 in Gujarat, India.
Motganhalli Laxminarsu Jaisimha (3 March 1939 – 6 July 1999), an Indian Test cricketer. A right-handed batsman who was noted for his style on and off the field. He bowled medium pace, often opening the bowling for India, and off-breaks, and was a brilliant fielder. He was also known as M. L. Jaisimha. He was born on 3 March 1939 in Hyderabad, India.
Jaspal Singh Bhatti (3 March 1955 – 25 October 2012), an Indian television personality known for his satire about the common man. He carried out various anti-corruption crusades in Chandigarh. His frontal attack on issues like nepotism and corruption was both comic and awakening for the masses. In 2013, he was (posthumously) honoured with the Padma Bhushan, India’s third-highest civilian award. He was born on 3 March 1955 in Amritsar, India.
Read More: 2 March in Indian History
3 March in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:
Aurangzeb (3 November 1618 – 3 March 1707), the sixth Mughal emperor, who ruled over almost the entire Indian subcontinent for a period of 49 years. He is considered as last effective ruler of the Mughal Empire. Aurangzeb compiled the Fatawa-e-Alamgiri and was among the few monarchs to have fully established Sharia law and Islamic economics throughout the Indian subcontinent. He was an accomplished military leader whose rule has been the subject of praise, though he has also been described as the most controversial ruler in Indian history. He died on 3 March 1707 in a military camp near Ahmednagar, Mughal India.
Firaq Gorakhpuri (28 August 1896 – 3 March 1982), a writer and critic. He was also known as Raghupati Sahay. He was selected for the Provincial Civil Service (P.C.S.) and the Indian Civil Service (British India) (I.C.S.), but he resigned to follow Mahatma Gandhi’s Non-cooperation movement, for which he went to jail for 18 months. His contemporaries included famous Urdu poets like Allama Iqbal, Faiz Ahmed Faiz, Kaifi Azmi and Sahir Ludhianvi. Yet he was able to make his mark in Urdu poetry at an early age. In 1960, he was honoured with Sahitya Akademi Award in Urdu. Later in 1968, he was honoured with Padma Bhushan, the third-highest civilian award in India. First Jnanpith Award for Urdu literature was also conferred upon him. He died on 3 March 1982 in New Delhi, India, at an age of 85.
Ganti Mohana Chandra Balayogi (1 October 1951 – 3 March 2002), an Indian lawyer and politician. He was serving as the speaker of the 12th Lok Sabha when he died in a helicopter crash on 3 March 2002.
Read More: 1 March in Indian History
Notable events on 3 March in Indian and World history
3 March 1575 – Mughal Emperor Akbar defeated the Bengali army at the Battle of Tukaroi. The Battle was fought near the village of Tukaroi now in Balasore District of Odisha in India. This battle was between The Mughal Empire and the Sultanate of Bangala and Bihar.
3 March 1939 – In Bombay, Mohandas Gandhi begins to fast in protest of the autocratic rule in India.
3 March 1942 – Ten Japanese warplanes raid Broome, Western Australia, killing more than 100 people.
3 March 1943 – The Bethnal Green Tube Disaster of 1943 was the UK’s largest single loss of civilian life during World War II. More than 170 people fleeing from an air raid were crushed to death when the entrance to the east London station became blocked.
3 March 1945 – Royal Air Force mistakenly bombed the Bezuidenhout neighbourhood in the Dutch city of The Hague. The British bomber crews had intended to bomb the Haagse Bos (“Forest of the Hague”) district where the Germans had installed V-2 launching facilities that had been used to attack English cities. However, the pilots were issued with the wrong coordinates, so the navigational instruments of the bombers had been set incorrectly, and combined with fog and clouds which obscured their vision, the bombs were instead dropped on the Bezuidenhout residential neighbourhood.
3 March 1969 – Apollo 9 lifted off from Launch Complex 39B at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center. Primary mission objectives included an Earth-orbital engineering test of the first crewed lunar module and an overall checkout of the launch vehicle and spacecraft systems, the crew and procedures. All prime mission objectives were met and all major spacecraft systems were successfully demonstrated.
3 March is observed as World Hearing Day. It is held every year by Office of Prevention of Blindness and Deafness of the World Health Organization (WHO). Objectives are to share information and promote actions towards the prevention of hearing loss and improved hearing care.
3 March is observed as World Wildlife Day. It is held every year by all member states of the UN. On 20 December 2013, at its 68th session, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) proclaimed 3 March as UN World Wildlife Day to celebrate and raise awareness of the world’s wild animals and plants. It was based on a proposal from Thailand.