4 January in Indian and World History
4 January in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 4 January is the birth anniversary of J. C. Kumarappa, Gopaldas Saxena ‘Neeraj’, Nirupa Roy, and Lochan Prasad Pandey.
4 January is also observed as the death anniversary of Mohammad Ali Jauhar and R. D. Burman.
4 January in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:
J. C. Kumarappa (4 January 1892 – 30 January 1960), an Indian economist. His original name was ‘Joseph Chelladurai Cornelius’. He had been a close associate of Mahatma Gandhi. J. C. Kumarappa is considered the first master of Gandhian economics in India. He was born on 4 January 1892.
Gopaldas Saxena ‘Neeraj’ (4 January 1925 – 19 July 2018), a Hindi litterateur, teacher, and poet on the forums of poet conferences and lyricist of films. He was the first person, who was honored twice by the Government of India in the field of education and literature. He was the most popular and famous poet, who gave a new twist to Hindi poetry by his touching poetry and simple language and influenced the new generation the most after Bachchan Ji. He was born on 4 January 1925.
Nirupa Roy (4 January 1931 – 13 October 2004), is remembered in Hindi cinema as an actress who gave new dimensions to the mother’s character with her characters. By the way, his original name was ‘Nightingale Ben’. Whenever it comes to empowering the mother’s character in Indian cinema, the first name that comes to mind is Nirupa Roy, who, with her unmatched performance, took the mother’s character to the heights in Hindi cinema. He was born on 4 January 1931.
Lochan Prasad Pandey (4 January 1887 – 8 November 1959), a famous Hindi litterateur. He has also composed poetry in both Hindi and Oriya languages. From the year 1905, his poems started appearing in ‘Saraswati’ and other monthly magazines. Some of the works of Lochan Prasad Pandey are in the form of storytelling and some are retail. He was also a member of ‘Bhartendu Sahitya Samiti’. He had a special reputation among the litterateurs of Madhya Pradesh. Even today his name is taken with great respect. He was born on 4 January 1887.
Read More: 2 January in Indian and World History
4 January in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:
Mohammad Ali Jauhar (10 December 1878 – 4 January 1931), an Indian freedom fighter, journalist, and educationist. In 1911, he brought out a weekly newspaper called ‘Comrade’. The letter was banned by the then British government in 1914 and Muhammad Ali was sentenced to four years’ imprisonment. Muhammad Ali also participated in the ‘Khilafat Movement’ and founded ‘Jamia Millia University in Aligarh, which was later brought to Delhi. He was also made the education officer of the princely state of Raipur. He died on 4 January 1931.
R.D. Burman (27 June 1939 – 4 January 1994), one of the greatest composers of Indian Hindi cinema. R. D. Burman’s full name was ‘Rahul Dev Burman’ and he was famous in the film world as ‘Pancham Da’. He composed music for about 300 films during his career. Music composer Rahul Dev Burman, who won the hearts of the listeners with melodious music, has songs like ‘Chingari Koi Bhadke’, ‘Kuch To Log Kahenge‘, ‘Piya Tu Ab To Aaja’ etc. He died on 4 January 1994.
Read More: 3 January in Indian and World History
Notable events on 4 January in Indian and World history
4 January 1642 – King Charles of England attacked Parliament with 400 soldiers.
4 January 1643 – Sir Isaac Newton, an English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, and natural philosopher, was born.
4 January 1762 – England declared war on Spain and Naples.
4 January 1809 – Louis Braille, a French educator and inventor, was born.
4 January 1906 – South Africa defeated England by one wicket to achieve their first Test victory.
4 January 1906 – King George V laid the foundation stone of Victoria Memorial Hall in Calcutta (now Kolkata).
4 January 1932 – The Viceroy of the British East Indies, Willingdon, arrested Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru.
4 January 1948 – Burma (now Myanmar) declared independence from Britain.
4 January 1951 – Chinese forces captured Seoul during the Korean War.
4 January 1962 – The first automatic (unmanned) subway train ran in New York City, USA.
4 January 1972 – The Institute of Criminology and Forensic Science was inaugurated in New Delhi.
4 January 1990 – About 400 people were killed and 547 were injured in a two-train collision in Pakistan.
4 January 1998 – Bangladesh refused to hand over India to ULFA General Secretary Anup Chetia.
4 January 1999 – Departure of the American vehicle ‘Mars Poser Lander Probe’ to analyze steam on Mars.
4 January 2004 – Talks between Prime Minister of India Atal Bihari Vajpayee and Pakistani Prime Minister Zafar Ullah Khan Jamali held in Islamabad.
4 January 2008 – The US halted the supply of military equipment and services to Sri Lanka.
4 January 2009 – The People’s Democratic Party broke ties with the UPA.
4 January 2010 – On the orders of the Stock Exchange Board of India, the opening hours of the stock exchanges were shifted one hour earlier to 9 am.
4 January is Observed as World Braille Day to honor the birth of Braille’s inventor, Louis Braille.