22 April in Indian and World History

OV Digital Desk

22 April in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 22 April is the birth anniversary of Akbar II, Atul Kasbekar, and Chetan Bhagat.

22 April is also observed as the death anniversary of Jogesh Chandra Chatterjee, and Manguram.

Birth Anniversary

22 April in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:

Akbar II (22 April 1760 – 28 September 1837), was the 18th emperor of the Mughal dynasty. He was the son of Shah Alam II and ruled from 1806 – 1837. By that time, most of the Indian state had gone into the hands of the British, and in 1803, Delhi was also captured by them. He was born on 22 April 1760.

Atul Kasbekar is an Indian fashion photographer and Bollywood film producer. He is recognized for his Kingfisher Calendar shoots. He was also the honorary chairman of the Photographer’s Guild of India. He was born on 22 April 1965 in Mumbai, India.

Chetan Bhagat, is a famous novel writer, an Indian author, and a columnist. He was born on 22 April 1974.

Chetan Bhagat, an Indian author

Read More: 21 April in Indian and World History

Death Anniversary

22 April in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:

Jogesh Chandra Chatterjee (1895 – 22 April 1969), was a famous revolutionary of the Kakori incident. He was associated with the activities of Anushilan Samiti. He was arrested and sentenced to life imprisonment in the Kakori case. After his release, he founded an organization called Krantikari Samajwadi Party. He was arrested during the Quit India Movement in 1942. During his 24 years of imprisonment, he spent two and a half years on a hunger strike, the longest hunger strike was of 142 days. He died on 22 April 1969.

Manguram (14 January 1886 – 22 April 1980), was a social reformer. His relations with the ‘Gadar Party’ also remained for some time. Manguram first opened a school in his village for the promotion of education among the untouchables named ‘Aad Dharma School’. Babu Manguram raised his voice against the ‘Land Alienation Act’ and the court recognized the Scheduled Caste people to buy agricultural land. He died on 22 April 1980.

Read More: 20 April in Indian and World History

Notable events on 22 April in Indian and World History

22 April 1500 – Portuguese navigator Pedro lvar Cabral discovered Brazil.

22 April 1521 – The French Emperor François I declared an invasion of Spain.

22 April 1792 – US President George Washington declared American neutrality in the War of Europe.

22 April 1833 –  Richard Trevithick, a British inventor and mining engineer whose significant contributions were the development of the first high-pressure steam engine, died.

22 April 1904 – Maria Zambrano – a Spanish essayist and philosopher associated with the Generation of 36 movement – was born.

22 April 1906 – The 10th Olympic Games began in Athens, Greece.

22 April 1915 – The German military first used poisonous gas during World War I.

22 April 1921 – Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose resigned from the Indian Civil Service.

22 April 1924 – Maria Walanda Maramis stands as a prominent figure in Indonesian history, recognized as a National Heroine for her tireless efforts in advancing women’s rights and contributing to the national movement for independence – died.

22 April 1926 – a security treaty was signed between Persia, Turkey, and Afghanistan.

22 April 1931 – Egypt and Iraq signed a peace agreement in 1931.

22 April 1944 – the Allies launched a major offensive against Japan in New Guinea during World War II.

22 April 1954 – The then Soviet Russia joined UNESCO.

22 April 1958 – Admiral RD Katari became the first major in the Indian Navy.

22 April 1966 – The then-Soviet Russia conducted an underground nuclear test.

22 April 1970 – Earth Day was celebrated for the first time in the world.

22 April 1977 – Optical fiber was first used in telephone traffic.

22 April 1983 – The spacecraft “Soyuz T-8” returned to Earth.

22 April 1992 – About 200 people died sewer gas explosion in Mexico.

22 April 2005 – The second Asian-African conference after 50 years began in Bandung (Indonesia).

22 April 2008 – Russian President Vladimir Putin was awarded the Ludwig Nobel Prize.

22 April 2012 – a 30-year-old female participant died suddenly during the London Marathon.

22 April Historical Significance

April 22 is celebrated as Earth Day globally. It’s a day dedicated to raising awareness about environmental issues and promoting conservation efforts. Earth Day events often include tree planting, clean-up campaigns, educational initiatives, and advocacy for policies aimed at protecting the planet.

Important Days of 22 April in History

World Earth Day – The annual Earth Day event is held on 22 April to demonstrate support for environmental protection. This day is observed annually on 22 April, commemorating the anniversary of the birth of the modern environmental movement in 1970. It was first observed by UNESCO on 22 April 1970. In the universe, Earth is the only planet where life is possible, so maintaining its natural resources is important.

22 April: World Earth Day

Establishment of UNESCO – On April 22, 1945, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) was established. It aims to promote international collaboration in education, science, culture, and communication.

Adoption of the Paris Agreement – On April 22, 2016, representatives from 175 countries gathered at the United Nations headquarters in New York to sign the Paris Agreement on climate change. The agreement aims to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.