22 April: World Earth Day

OV Digital Desk
5 Min Read
World Earth Day

World Earth Day is observed every year on 22 April. It aims to raise awareness and enhance support for environmental protection. Events are coordinated globally by EarthDay.org.

EARTHDAY.ORG’s mission is to diversify, educate, and activate the environmental movement worldwide. Growing out of the first Earth Day (1970), EARTHDAY.ORG is the world’s largest recruiter to the environmental movement, working with more than 150,000 partners in 192 countries to build environmental democracy. More than 1 billion people now participate in Earth Day activities each year, making it the largest civic observance in the world.

What is Earth Day?

Earth Day is an annual event celebrated on April 22nd, which aims to raise awareness about environmental issues and promote actions that protect the planet. It was first observed in 1970, following a massive oil spill in Santa Barbara, California, which ignited the environmental movement in the United States. Since then, Earth Day has become a global event celebrated by more than 190 countries.

World Earth Day 2023: Theme

World Earth Day aims to raise awareness and enhance support for environmental protection. Theme for Theme of World Earth Day 2023 is “Invest In Our Planet

World Earth Day: History

In 1969 at a UNESCO Conference in San Francisco, peace activist John McConnell proposed a day to honour the Earth and the concept of peace, to first be observed on March 21, 1970, the first day of spring in the northern hemisphere. This day of nature’s equipoise was later sanctioned in a proclamation written by McConnell and signed by Secretary General U Thant at the United Nations. A month later, United States Senator Gaylord Nelson proposed the idea to hold a nationwide environmental teach-in on April 22, 1970.

The first Earth Day was focused on the United States. In 1990, Denis Hayes, the original national coordinator in 1970, took it internationally and organized events in 141 nations.

On Earth Day 2016, the landmark Paris Agreement was signed by the United States, the United Kingdom, China, and 120 other countries. This signing satisfied a key requirement for the entry into force of the historic draft climate protection treaty adopted by consensus of the 195 nations present at the 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference in Paris.

World Earth Day: Significance

Earth Day is an essential occasion for individuals, organizations, and governments to acknowledge the severity of environmental issues and commit to taking action to address them. It provides a platform for promoting sustainable practices, raising awareness about environmental challenges, and advocating for policy changes that benefit the planet. The goal of Earth Day is to encourage people to make meaningful changes in their lives that reduce their environmental impact and promote a healthier planet.

Ways to Promote Sustainability and Conservation

Earth Day serves as a reminder that everyone has a role to play in protecting the planet. Here are some ways that individuals and organizations can promote sustainability and conservation:

1. Reduce Your Carbon Footprint

Reducing your carbon footprint is one of the most effective ways to combat climate change. You can do this by reducing energy consumption, using public transport, eating less meat, and supporting renewable energy sources.

2. Plant Trees

Trees are essential for absorbing carbon dioxide and providing habitat for wildlife. Planting trees can help combat deforestation and promote biodiversity.

3. Reduce Waste

Reducing waste can help reduce pollution and conserve resources. You can do this by recycling, using reusable bags, bottles, and containers, and avoiding single-use plastics.

4. Support Sustainable Businesses

Supporting sustainable businesses and products can help promote sustainability and reduce environmental impact. Look for products that are made from recycled materials, use sustainable packaging, and support local and eco-friendly businesses.

5. Advocate for Policy Changes

Advocating for policy changes that promote sustainability and conservation is crucial in creating lasting change. You can do this by contacting your elected representatives, participating in protests and marches, and supporting environmental organizations.


Q1) When is Earth Day celebrated?

Earth Day is celebrated on April 22nd every year.

Q2) What is the theme of Earth Day 2021?

The theme of Earth Day 2021 is “Restore Our Earth.”

Q3) Why is World Earth Day celebrated on April 22?

World Earth Day is celebrated on April 22 because it marks the anniversary of the birth of the modern environmental movement in 1970.

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