20 June in Indian and World History

OV Digital Desk

20 June in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 20 June is the birth anniversary of Kanu Banerjee,  Sushma Seth, Paras Chandra Jain, Vikram Seth, Neetu Chandra, and Neetha Shetty.

20 June is also observed as the death anniversary of Hamid Ali Khan Bahadur, Prof. Kotcherlakota Rangadhama Rao, and Anita Guha.

Birth Anniversary on 20 June

20 June in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:

Kanu Banerjee (20 June 1905 – Unknown) was an Indian actor, known for his work in stage, film, and radio. His contributions to the performing arts spanned several decades, enriching the cultural tapestry of India.

Sushma Seth, an Indian stage, film and television actress. She started her career in the 1950s and was a founder member of the Delhi-based theatre group Yatrik. She is known for playing a mother and grandmother role in movies and on television, and notable for her role as Dadi in the pioneering TV soap Hum Log. She was born on 20 June 1936 in Delhi, British India.

Paras Chandra Jain, former Cabinet Minister of Energy and New & Renewable Energy in Government. He is affiliated with BJP. He was born on 20 June 1950 in Ujjain, India.

Vikram Seth, an Indian novelist and poet. He has written several novels and poetry books. He has received several awards such as Padma Shri, Sahitya Academy Award, Pravasi Bharatiya Samman, WH Smith Literary Award and Crossword Book Award. Seth was born on 20 June 1952 in Calcutta.

Neetu Chandra (20 June 1984 – Present) is an Indian actress and producer. Her dynamic roles in films have showcased her versatility and commitment to her craft.

Neetha Shetty (20 June 1986 – Present) is an Indian actress known for her performances in television series. Her talent has made her a recognizable face in the entertainment industry.

Read More: 19 June in Indian and World History

Death Anniversary on 20 June

20 June in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:

Hamid Ali Khan Bahadur (31 August 1875 – 20 June 1930),  Nawab of the princely state of Rampur from 1889 to 1930. A staunch supporter of higher education, Sir Nawab Hamid gave generously to many colleges across the subcontinent, including the Lucknow Medical College and Aligarh Muslim University, also greatly expanding the number of educational institutions within his state. He was instrumental in the foundation of Shia College, Lucknow. He died on 20 June 1930.

Prof. Kotcherlakota Rangadhama Rao (9 September 1898 – 20 June 1972) was an Indian physicist in the field of Spectroscopy. He was known both for his scientific ability and his interpersonal relations. He died on 20 June 1972 in Andhra Pradesh, India.

Anita Guha (17 January 1932 – 20 June 2007), an Indian Bengali actress who usually played mythological characters in films. She became known for playing the title role in Jai Santoshi Maa (1975).

Read More: 18 June in Indian and World History

Notable events on 20 June in Indian and World history

20 June 1756Black Hole of Calcutta: 146 British soldiers, Anglo-Indian soldiers and Indian civilians were imprisoned in a small dungeon in Calcutta, India where most die from suffocation and heat exhaustion.

20 June 1756 – Siraj ud-Daulah Nawab of Bengal takes Calcutta from the British.

20 June 1861 – Frederick Gowland Hopkins, a British biochemist, and Nobel Prize Laureate, was born.

20 June 1951 – Paul Muldoon, an Irish poet, was born.

20 June 1943 – The Royal Air Force launches Operation Bellicose, the first shuttle bombing raid of the war.

20 June 1944The Battle of the Philippine Sea concludes with a decisive U.S. naval victory. The lopsided naval air battle is also known as the “Great Marianas Turkey Shoot”.

20 June 2008  Oliver De Coque, a Nigerian musician, singer, and songwriter, died.

20 June Historical Significance

June 20th is a day marked by numerous significant historical events. On this date in 451, the Battle of the Catalaunian Plains took place, where Roman and Visigothic forces halted the invasion of Attila the Hun in Roman Gaul. In 1756, the tragic Black Hole of Calcutta incident occurred, where a large number of British prisoners died due to suffocation and heat exhaustion in a small dungeon in Calcutta, India. The Great Seal of the United States, with the bald eagle as its symbol, was approved by Congress on June 20, 1782. Additionally, the French Revolution saw the Third Estate deputies take the Tennis Court Oath on this day in 1789, vowing not to disband until a new constitution was formed. In more recent history, June 20th marks the day in 1865 when Union General Gordon Granger read the Emancipation Proclamation in Galveston, Texas, which was a significant event in the abolition of slavery in the United States. This date also coincides with the summer solstice in the Northern Hemisphere, often heralding the beginning of summer.

Important Days of 20 June in History

Some of the Notable events on 20 June in History are mentioned below:

World Refugee Day (International): A day observed annually on June 20th to raise awareness about the struggles that refugees face around the world.

American Bald Eagle Day (United States): Recognized on June 20th to honor the symbol of the United States, the bald eagle.

Ice Cream Soda Day (United States): Celebrated on June 20th, this day is dedicated to enjoying the sweet treat of ice cream sodas.

Ugliest Dog Day (United States): A light-hearted event on June 20th where the ‘ugliest’ dogs are celebrated.

National Hike With a Geek Day (United States): Encouraging people to take a hike with a ‘geek’ on June 20th, promoting health and social interaction.