18 June in Indian and World History
18 June in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 18 June is the birth anniversary of C. Vijaya Raghava Chariar, Anugrah Narayan Singh, Shankar Trimbak Dharmadhikari, P. Kakkan, and K.S Sudarshan.
18 June is also observed as the death anniversary of Seth Govind Das, Naseem Bano, and Syed Mushtaq Ali.
18 June in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:
C. Vijaya Raghava Chariar (18 June 1852 – 19 April 1943), an Indian politician, and a well-known national leader. He was a member of the Legislative Council from 1885 to 1901. Vijay Raghava Chariar had been the President of the annual session of the Congress held in Nagpur in 1920. In this session, the proposal of Gandhiji’s non-cooperation movement was considered. But even after his opposition, Congress accepted the proposal of non-cooperation. He was born on 18 June 1852 in Pon Vilaindha Kalathur, Chengalpattu district, Madras Presidency.
Anugrah Narayan Singh (18 June 1887 – 5 July 1957), an Indian politician and the first Deputy Chief Minister of Bihar, cum Finance Minister (1946–1957), and known as ‘Bihar Vibhuti’. He was an Indian freedom fighter, teacher, lawyer, politician, and the builder of modern Bihar. He was a warrior of the freedom movement. After independence, he actively contributed to the works of nation-building and public welfare. Anugrah Babu played an important role in the national movement along with Mahatma Gandhi and Dr. Rajendra Prasad. He was born on 18 June 1887 in Aurangabad, Bengal Presidency, British India (now in Bihar, India).
Shankar Trimbak Dharmadhikari (18 June 1899 – 1 December 1985), an Indian freedom fighter, writer, and Gandhian thinker. He was one of the active workers of ‘Gandhi Seva Sangh’. You were better known as ‘Dada Dharmadhikari’. Dada Dharmadhikari devoted most of his time to the upliftment of Dalits and women. He had good knowledge of Hindi, Sanskrit, Marathi, Bengali, Gujarati, and English languages. As a writer, more than two dozen of his books were published. He was born on 18 June 1899.
P. Kakkan (18 June 1908 – 23 December 1981), an Indian politician and freedom fighter who served as a member of the Constituent Assembly of India, Member of Parliament, President of the Tamil Nadu Congress Committee and in various ministerial posts in Congress governments in the erstwhile Madras state between 1957 and 1967. He was born on 18 June 1908 in Thumbaipatti, Melur, Madras Presidency, British India.
K.S Sudarshan (18 June 1931 – 15 September 2012), the fifth Sarsanghchalak of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS). In March 2009, Mohan Bhagwat was voluntarily relieved by appointing him as the sixth Sarsanghchalak. Be it the Khalistan problem of Punjab or the anti-infiltration movement of Assam, due to his deep study and clear direction of thinking, he gave concrete suggestions for their solution. Sudarshan was born on 18 June 1931 in Raipur, Madhya Pradesh (now Chhattisgarh).
Read More: 17 June in Indian and World History
18 June in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:
Seth Govind Das (16 October 1896 – 18 June 1974), an Indian freedom fighter, parliamentarian, and Hindi writer. He belongs to the Indian National Congress Political party. Govind Das was a strong supporter of Hindi as the official language of India. He was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1961 in the field of literature and education by the Government of India. He died on 18 June 1974 in Mumbai, Maharashtra.
Naseem Bano (4 July 1916 – 18 June 2002), a leading Indian film actress in Hindi films of the forties. This actress, who made the audience crazy with her captivating performances in the Indian cine world. She was called the “Beauty Queen” for her beauty. Another famous actress of Hindi cinema, Saira Bano is the daughter of Naseem Bano. Some of her notable works include Pukar (1939), Anokhi Ada (1948), and Sheesh Mahal (1950). Bano died on 18 June 2002 at the age of 85 in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
Syed Mushtaq Ali (17 December 1914 – 18 June 2005), an Indian cricketer, a right-handed opening batsman who holds the divergence of scoring the first overseas Test century by an Indian player. He scored 112 against England at Old Trafford in 1936. Ali was a right-handed batsman and a slow left-arm orthodox spin bowler. He bowled frequently enough in domestic matches to be classified as an all-rounder but only occasionally in test matches. The Syed Mushtaq Ali Trophy is named after him. It is a domestic Twenty20 cricket championship in India, organized by Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI), among the teams from the Ranji Trophy. Ali got awarded with Padma Shri in 1964. He died on 18 June 2005 at the age of 90 in Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India.
Read More: 16 June in Indian and World History
Notable events on 18 June in Indian and World history
18 June 1576 – The Battle of Haldighati started between Maharana Pratap and the ruler of the Mughal Empire, Akbar.
18 June 1658 – Aurangzeb captured the fort of Agra.
18 June 1812 – The war between America and Britain started on this day.
18 June 1815 – Napoleon was stripped of French power after being defeated by Britain at Waterloo.
18 June 1817 – The Waterloo Bridge was opened over the River Thames in London.
18 June 1946 – The first Satyagraha movement against Portuguese rule was started in Goa under the leadership of Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia.
18 June 1972 – The British European Airways plane crashed into open ground, killing 118 people.
18 June 1980 – Shakuntala Devi multiplied two 13-digit numbers and gave the correct answer in 28 seconds.
18 June 1987 – MS Swaminathan received the first World Food Prize in 1987.
18 June 1991 – Congress became the single largest party in the Lok Sabha despite not having an absolute majority.
18 June 1997 – Prakash Padukone started the Badminton Confederation of India (IBC) in 1997.
18 June 1997 – Polpot, the leader of Cambodia’s Khmer Rouge and the murderer of more than two million people surrendered himself.
18 June 1999 – Drinking water agreement was signed in London between 35 European countries.
18 June 2008 – the Government of India announced 5% reservation for Gujjars in OBC quota.
18 June 2008 – three agreements were signed between visiting Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh.
18 June 2008 – Vietnam lifted restrictions on the export of rice to improve supply conditions in the world market.
18 June 2017 – In the ICC Champions Trophy, Pakistan won the title by defeating India.
18 June is observed as Autistic Pride Day every year to raise awareness about Autism Spectrum Disorder so that they do not see autistic people as disadvantaged but simply as unique individuals. It was first celebrated by Aspies for Freedom in 2005. This is a day for the patients suffering from autism to come together with their families.
International Picnic Day is also celebrated on 18 June every year. This day is a day for friends and families to have a good time together and celebrate happiness.