14 November in Indian and World History

OV Digital Desk

14 November in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 14 November is the birth anniversary of Jawaharlal Nehru and Bharathan.

14 November is also observed as the death anniversary of Cottari Kanakaiya Nayudu, Srila Prabhupada, Vengayil Kunhiraman Nayanar, and Vashistha Narayan Singh.

Birth Anniversary

14 November in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:

Jawaharlal Nehru (14 November 1889 – 27 May 1964) was an Indian anti-colonial nationalist, secular humanist, social democrat, politician, and author who was a central figure in India during the 20th century. He was one of the prominent leaders during the Indian independence movement between 1930 – 47. Upon India’s independence in 1947, Nehru served as the prime minister for 17 years. He has authored famous books such as Letters from a Father to His Daughter (1929), An Autobiography (1936), and The Discovery of India (1946), which were read around the world. Jawaharlal Nehru was born on 14 November 1889 in Allahabad in British India.

Bharathan (14 November 1946 – 30 July 1998) was an Indian filmmaker and art director. Bharathan is noted for being the founder of a new school of filmmaking in Malayalam cinema, along with Padmarajan and K. G. George, in the 1980s, which created films that were widely received while also being critically acclaimed. A train of directors and screenwriters followed this school in the 1990s including Sibi Malayil, Kamal, Lohithadas, and Jayaraj. He was born on 14 November 1946 at Engakkadu near Wadakkancherry, in the present-day Thrissur district of Kerala, India.

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Death Anniversary

14 November in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:

Cottari Kanakaiya Nayudu (13 October 1895 – 14 November 1967), was the first Test captain of the Indian cricket team. C. K. Naidu continued to play cricket till the age, which is a daydream even for today’s players. Naidu’s fitness at that time is a lesson for today’s players who get injured only after the second and third matches. At the age of 37, when players started retiring today, then C.K. Naidu started playing Test matches. He had been playing cricket by staying fit for 68 years. Naidu was the captain of India’s first Test team. He was the first cricketer from India, who was honored by the government with ‘Padma Bhushan’ in the year 1956. C. K. Naidu was also known for his excellent fitness. He played his last match at the age of 68. He died on 14 November 1967.

Abhay Charanaravinda Bhaktivedanta Swami (1 September 1896 – 14 November 1977) or Srila Prabhupada, born Abhay Charan De, was an Indian spiritual teacher and the founder-acharya of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON), commonly known as the “Hare Krishna movement”. Members of the ISKCON movement view Bhaktivedanta Swami as a representative and messenger of Krishna Chaitanya. He has been described as a charismatic leader who was successful in acquiring followers in many countries including the United States, Europe, and India. His mission was to propagate throughout the world Gaudiya Vaishnavism, a school of Vaishnavite Hinduism that had been taught to him by his guru, Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati. After his death in 1977, ISKCON, the society he founded based on a form of Hindu Krishnaism using the Bhagavata Purana as a central scripture, continued to grow. Bhaktivedanta Swami became immortal on 14 November 1977 at the age of 81, in Vrindavan, India. His body was buried in Krishna Balaram Mandir in Vrindavan.

Vengayil Kunhiraman Nayanar (1861 – 14 November 1914) was a Malayali essayist and short story writer, and a prominent landlord of the Malabar district. He is also known as the Grand Old Man Of Kerala Journalism. Nayanar was born in an aristocratic Nair family known as “Vengayil” in Chirackal Thaluk, the Northern part of Malabar district in British India. The Vengayil Nayanar Tharavad were a significant land-owning family of the Malabar district in the 1800s in British India. He died on 14 November 1914 in the Malabar district.

Vashistha Narayan Singh (2 April 1946 – 14 November 2019) was an Indian academic. He was a child prodigy and started his life in a modest village in Bihar and traveled to the soil of the prestigious University of California, Berkeley. His contribution to the field of mathematics and his contribution towards education are ignored by the community, government, and society as a whole. Recently, he was honored posthumously with Padma Shri, the fourth-highest civilian award in India.

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Notable events on 14 November in Indian and World History

14 November  1891 Frederick Banting, was a was a  Canadian medical scientist and physician. In 1923, Frederick Banting was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.was Born.

14 November 1908 – Albert Einstein presents his quantum theory of light.

14 November 1940 – World War II: In England, Coventry is heavily bombed by German Luftwaffe bombers. Coventry Cathedral is almost completely destroyed.

14 November 1941 – World War II: The aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal sinks due to torpedo damage from the German submarine U-81 sustained on November 13.

14 November 1941 – World War II: German troops, aided by local auxiliaries, murder nine thousand residents of the Słonim Ghetto in a single day.

14 November 1946 – Manuel de Falla a Spanish composer and pianist renowned for his contributions to the world of classical music.

14 November 1969Fanny “Bobbie” Rosenfeld, a Canadian track and field athlete, died.

14 November 1971 – Mariner 9 enters orbit around Mars.

14 November 1981 – 2nd Space Shuttle Mission-Columbia 2-returns to Earth.

14 November 1990 – After German reunification, the Federal Republic of Germany and Poland sign a treaty confirming the Oder–Neisse line as the border between Germany and Poland.

14 November 2001 – War in Afghanistan: Afghan Northern Alliance fighters take over the capital Kabul.

14 November 2002 – The film “Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets” was released, based on the second book by J. K. Rowling.

14 November Historical Significance

November 14 holds historical significance for several reasons. In 1851, Herman Melville’s iconic novel “Moby-Dick” was published, becoming a cornerstone of American literature. Additionally, on November 14, 1889, Nellie Bly, an American journalist, began her groundbreaking attempt to travel around the world in less than 80 days, inspired by Jules Verne’s novel. This event marked a significant milestone in the history of journalism and women’s achievements. Furthermore, November 14, 1940, saw the bombing of Coventry during World War II, a devastating attack that symbolized the brutality and destruction of the conflict. Overall, November 14 stands as a date intertwined with literary milestones, journalistic achievements, and wartime tragedies, reflecting the diverse tapestry of human history.

Important Days of 14 November in History

World Diabetes Day: This day is observed to raise awareness about diabetes, its prevention, and management. It aims to promote a healthier lifestyle and access to healthcare for those affected by the disease.

Children’s Day (India): In India, Children’s Day is celebrated on November 14th to honor the birth anniversary of Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India, who was fondly called “Chacha Nehru” (Uncle Nehru) by children.

World Philosophy Day: UNESCO declared November 14th as World Philosophy Day to encourage critical thinking and reflection on philosophical issues. It promotes dialogue and understanding among different cultures and peoples.