10 March in Indian and World History
10 March in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 10 March is the birth anniversary of Udupi Ramachandra Rao, Asghar Ali Engineer, Madhavrao Jivajirao Scindia, Ranjit Lal Jetley, Dilbagh Singh, Mangesh Keshav Padgaoankar, Perunchithiranar, and Omar Abdullah. 10 March is also observed as the death anniversary of Savitribai Phule, Inderjeet Singh Johar, Vishnu Vāman Shirwādkar, and Baliram Kashyap.
10 March in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:
Udupi Ramachandra Rao (10 March 1932 – 24 July 2017), an Indian space scientist and chairman of the Indian Space Research Organisation. He was also the Chairman of the Governing Council of the Physical Research Laboratory at Ahmedabad and Nehru Planetarium at Bengaluru and chancellor of the Indian Institute for Space Science and Technology (IIST) at Thiruvananthapuram. He was honoured with Padma Bhushan in 1976 and Padma Vibhushan in 2017. U. R. Rao was born on 10 March 1932 in Udupi, Karnataka, India.
Asghar Ali Engineer (10 March 1939 – 14 May 2013) was an Indian reformist-writer and social activist. The focus of his work was on communalism and communal and ethnic violence in India and South Asia. Engineer’s autobiography A Living Faith: My Quest for Peace, Harmony and Social Change was released in New Delhi on 20 July 2011 by Hamid Ansari. Asghar Ali Engineer was born 10 March 1939 in Rajasthan, India.
Madhavrao Jivajirao Scindia (10 March 1945 – 30 September 2001), an Indian politician. He was affiliated with Indian National Congress (INC). He was elected to the Lok Sabha (in 1971 from Gwalior. He was born on 10 March 1945.
Maj-General Ranjit Lal Jetley (10 March 1923 – 30 March 2018), an Indian soldier and scientist. He served in World War II and the 1947 Indo-Pakistani War, becoming an artillery regiment commander. He went on to work in armaments research and development, his innovations including an Indian 10mm light field gun and upgunning of the Sherman tanks. He also contributed to set up two major laboratories. Jetley retired in 1979 and moved to the United Kingdom. He was born on 10 March 1923 in Punjab, British India.
Air Chief Marshal Dilbagh Singh, PVSM, AVSM, VM (10 March 1926 – 9 February 2001), the head of the Indian Air Force from 1981 to 1984 and acted as Chief of the Air Staff. Dilbagh Singh was commissioned as a pilot in 1944. He was also India’s Ambassador to Brazil from 1985 to 1987. He was born on 10 March 1926 in Rahon, Punjab, British India.
Mangesh Keshav Padgaoankar (10 March 1929 – 30 December 2015), a poet. He was known for Marathi poetry. He was honoured with Padma Bhushan, the third-highest civilian award, in 2013. He was born on 10 March 1929 in Vengurla, Maharashtra, British India.
Perunchithiranar (10 March 1933 – 11 June 1995), a Tamil professor. He worked for the Thani Tamil Iyakkam, a linguistic-purity movement in Tamil literature which attempts to avoid loanwords from Sanskrit. In 1965, he was arrested for anti-Hindi remarks in his magazine. He was a rationalist, which was reflected in his writings. He was imprisoned twice after the assassination of Rajiv Gandhi because of his continued support for Tamil Eelam. He was born on 10 March 1933 in Samuthiram, Tamilnadu, British India.
Omar Abdullah, an Indian politician and former Chief Minister of the erstwhile state of Jammu and Kashmir. He became the 11th and the youngest Chief Minister of the State of Jammu and Kashmir, after forming a government in coalition with the Congress party. In 1998, at the age of 28, Omar Abdullah was elected to the 12th Lok Sabha, becoming the youngest member. He was also a member of the 14th Lok Sabha, representing the Srinagar constituency. He was the Union Minister of State for External Affairs in Atal Bihari Vajpayee’s NDA government, from 23 July 2001 to 23 December 2002. He resigned from the NDA government in October 2002 to concentrate on party work. He was born on 10 March 1970 in Rochford, Essex, United Kingdom.
Read More: 9 March in Indian and World History
10 March in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:
Savitribai Phule (3 January 1831 – 10 March 1897), an Indian social reformer, educationalist, and poet. She is regarded as the first female teacher of India. Along with her husband, Jyotirao Phule, she played an important and vital role in improving women’s rights in India. She is regarded as the mother of Indian feminism. Phule and her husband founded one of the first Indian girls’ schools in Pune. She worked to abolish the discrimination and unfair treatment of people based on caste and gender. She is regarded as an important figure of the social reform movement in Maharashtra. She died on 10 March 1897.
Inderjeet Singh Johar (16 February 1920 – 10 March 1984), an Indian actor, writer, producer, and director. He excelled in comedic roles. He was also known as I. S. Johar. Johar acted in numerous Hindi films from the 1950s through to the early 1980s and appeared in international films. I. S. Johar also wrote and directed films, including the partition-based Hindi movie Nastik (1954). I.S Johar was an older brother of Yash Johar. He died on 10 March 1984 in Mumbai India, at an age of 64.
Darbara Singh (10 February 1916 — 10 March 1990), the Chief Minister of Punjab from 1980 to 1983. He died on 10 October 1983 in Chandigarh, India.
Vishnu Vāman Shirwādkar (27 February 1912 – 10 March 1999), an eminent Marathi poet, play writer, and novelist. He is also known as Kusumāgraj. He is considered a humanist who wrote for freedom, justice, and welfare of the deprived and downtrodden people of the society. In his long-cherished carrier of almost five decades, he wrote numerous poems, novels, and short stories. His remarkable work was Vishakha and Natsamrat. He was honoured with numerous awards including national awards. In 1974, he received Sahitya Akademi Award in Marathi for Natsamrat. In 1987, he was honoured with Jnanapith Award; Padma Bhushan, the third-highest civilian award was conferred upon him in 1991. He died on 10 March 1999 in Nashik, Maharashtra, India.
Baliram Kashyap (11 March 1936 – 10 March 2011), an Indian politician. He was a member of the 12th, 13th, 14th, and 15th Lok Sabhas. He represented the Bastar constituency of Chhattisgarh and was affiliated with Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). Kashyap died on 10 March 2011, only one day before his 75th birthday.
Read More: 8 March in Indian and World History
Notable events on 10 March in Indian and World history
10 March 1922 – Mahatma Gandhi was arrested and tried for sedition, and sentenced to six years in prison.
10 March 1945 – The U.S. Army Air Force firebombs Tokyo, and the resulting conflagration kills more than 100,000 people, mostly civilians.
10 March 1969 – The Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) was established. Currently, it is the Central Armed Police Forces in India. Among its duties are guarding sensitive governmental buildings, the Delhi Metro, and providing airport security. The day is also observed as CISF Raising Day.
10 March is observed as Tibetan Uprising Day. It commemorates the 1959 Tibetan uprising against the presence of the People’s Republic of China in Tibet. The failure of the armed rebellion ultimately resulted in a violent crackdown on Tibetan independence movements, and the flight of the Dalai Lama into exile.
10 March is also observed as Székely Freedom Day. It is a public holiday of Romania celebrated by the Székely minority of the country. It is celebrated every 10 March in Târgu Mureș, but also in other parts of Székely Land and internationally.
10 March is also observed annually as National Women and Girls HIV/AIDS Awareness Day. It is aimed to increases awareness, sparks conversations, and highlights the work being done to reduce HIV among women and girls in the United States while showing support for those with HIV.