27 February in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 27 February is the birth anniversary of Kusumāgraj, Muffakham Jah, and Prakash Jha.

27 February is also observed as the death anniversary of Bahadur Shah I, Dharam Singh Hayatpur, Ganesh Vasudev Mavalankar,  and Chandra Shekhar Azad.

Birth Anniversary

27 February in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:

Vishnu Vāman Shirwādkar (27 February 1912 – 10 March 1999), an eminent Marathi poet, play writer, and novelist. He is also known as Kusumāgraj. He is considered a humanist who wrote for freedom, justice, and the welfare of the deprived and downtrodden people of society. In his long-cherished carrier of almost five decades, he wrote numerous poems, novels, and short stories. His remarkable work was Vishakha and Natsamrat. He was honored with numerous awards including national awards. In 1974, he received Sahitya Akademi Award in Marathi for Natsamrat. In 1987, he was honored with Jnanapith Award; Padma Bhushan, the third-highest civilian award was conferred upon him in 1991. Kusumagraj was born on 27 February 1912 in Nashik, Maharashtra, India.


Muffakham Jah, the son of Prince Azam Jah and Princess Durru Shehvar, and grandson of the last Nizam of Hyderabad. An engineering college, Muffakham Jah College of Engineering and Technology is named after him. He was born on 27 February 1939 in Hilafet Palace, Nice, France.

Prakash Jha, an Indian film producer, actor, director, and screenwriter. He is known for his socio-political films Damul (1984), Mrityudand (1997), Gangaajal (2003), Apaharan (2005), including multi-starred movies like Raajneeti (2010), Aarakshan (2011) Chakravyuh (2012), and Satyagraha (2013).  He received the most recognition for, Damul (1984), which won the National Film Award for Best Feature Film and the Filmfare Critics Award for Best Movie in 1985. The film was based on the bonded labour issue in Bihar. Prakash Jha was born on 27 February 1952 in Bettiah, Bihar, India.

Read More: 26 February in Indian and World History

Death Anniversary

27 February in Indian history is remembered as the death anniversary of the following personalities:

Bahadur Shah I (14 October 1643 – 27 February 1712), the seventh Mughal emperor of India, ruled from 1707 until his death in 1712. In his youth, he conspired to overthrow his father Aurangzeb, the sixth Mughal emperor, and ascend to the throne. Shah’s plans were intercepted by the emperor, who imprisoned him several times. His short reign was disturbed by several rebellions, the Sikhs under the leadership of Banda Singh Bahadur, Rajputs under Durgadas Rathore and fellow Mughal Kam Bakhsh but all of them were successfully quelled.  He died on 27 February 1712, in Lahore, Mughal Empire, at an age of 68. Bahadur Shah was buried in the Moti Masjid at Mehrauli in Delhi.

Dharam Singh Hayatpur (1884 – 27 February 1926), a prominent member of the Sikh political and religious group the Babbar Akali Movement. In 1926 a British imperial Sessions Court sentenced him to life imprisonment for his activities, but this sentence was increased on appeal by the High Court, and he was hanged on 27 February 1926.

Ganesh Vasudev Mavalankar (27 November 1888 – 27 February 1956), an independence activist. He was also known as Dadasaheb. He was president (1946 – 1947) of the Central Legislative Assembly, then-Speaker of the Constituent Assembly of India, and later the first Speaker of the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Parliament of India. His son Purushottam Mavalankar was later elected to the Lok Sabha twice from Gujarat. He died on 27 February 1956 in Ahmedabad, India, at an age of 67.


Chandra Shekhar Azad (23 July 1906 – 27 February 1931), an Indian revolutionary. He reorganized the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA) under its new name of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Army (HSRA) after the death of its founder, Ram Prasad Bismil, and three other prominent party leaders, Roshan Singh, Rajendra Nath Lahiri and Ashfaqulla Khan. His mother wanted her son to be a great Sanskrit scholar and persuaded his father to send him to Kashi Vidyapeeth, Banaras, to study. Azad died at Alfred Park (now Azad Park) in Allahabad on 27 February 1931. He shot himself after being surrounded by the police and left with no option of escape after the ammunition was finished.

27 February: Tribute to Chandrasekhar Azad