8 March in Indian and World History
8 March in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 8 March is the birth anniversary of Vishvanath Narayan Mandlik, Hari Narayan Apte, Gopi Chand Bhargava, Biswanath Dash, Damerla Rama Rao, Sahir Ludhianvi, Vasundhara Raje Scindia, Digambar Kamat, and Santosh Sivan. 8 March is also observed as the death anniversary of Rani Karnavati, Balasaheb Gangadhar Kher, and Vinod Mehta.
8 March in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:
Vishvanath Narayan Mandlik (8 March 1833 – 9 May 1899), an eminent citizen, lawyer, author and legal expert on Hindu law. Mandlik was born in Ratnagiri District on 8 March 1833.
Hari Narayan Apte (8 March 1864 – 3 March 1919), a writer and novelist. He was born on 8 March 1864 in Maharashtra, British India.
Gopi Chand Bhargava (8 March 1889 – 26 December 1966), the former and first chief minister of Punjab. He became chief minister thrice (15 August 1947 – 13 April 1949, 18 October 1949 – 20 June 1951, and 21 June 1964 – 6 July 1964), He was affiliated with Indian National Congress (INC). He was born on 8 March 1889 in Punjab, British India.
Biswanath Dash (8 March 1889 – 2 June 1984), an Indian politician, lawyer, and philanthropist. He was the 7th Chief Minister of Odisha. He also served as Governor of Uttar Pradesh. He was born on 8 March 1889.
Damerla Rama Rao (8 March 1897 — 6 February 1925), an Indian artist. He was inclined towards the art of painting and sketching since childhood. In 1923, Ramarao started rajahmundry chitra kalashala and trained many youngsters. He was the first artist to paint nude women. He was born on 8 March 1897 in Rajahmundry, British India.
Abdul Hayee (8 March 1921 – 25 October 1980), an Indian poet, the lyricist who wrote in the Urdu and Hindi languages. He was known by his pen name Sahir Ludhianvi. Sahir won a Filmfare Award for Best Lyricist for Taj Mahal (1963). He won a second Filmfare Award for Best Lyricist for his work on Kabhie Kabhie (1976). He was awarded the Padma Shri in 1971. On 8 March 2013, the ninety-second anniversary of Sahir’s birth, a commemorative stamp was issued in his honour. He was born on 8 March 1921 in Ludhiana, British India.
Vasundhara Raje Scindia, an Indian politician and former Chief Minister of Rajasthan. She is affiliated with Bharatiya Janata Party. She is also the head of the Dholpur royal family and is the acting queen of Dholpur. Vasundhara Raje was born on 8 March 1953 in Mumbai, India.
Digambar Kamat, an Indian politician. He was the Chief Minister of Goa from June 2007 to March 2012. He was born on 8 March 1954 in Goa.
Santosh Sivan, an Indian cinematographer, film director, producer and actor known for his works in Malayalam, Tamil and Hindi cinema. As of 2014, he has received eleven National Film Awards and twenty-one international awards for his works. He was awarded the Padma Shri, the fourth highest civilian award, for his contributions to Indian cinema in 2014. He was born on 8 February 1964.
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8 March in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:
Rani Karnavati is also known as Rani Karmavati, a princess and temporary ruler from Bundi, India. She was married to Rana Sanga of Chittorgarh, the capital of Mewar Kingdom. She was the mother of the next two Ranas, Rana Vikramaditya and Rana Uday Singh, and grandmother of the legendary Maharana Pratap. She was as fierce as her husband and defended Chittor with a small contingent of soldiers until it inevitably fell to the Gujarat army. She refused to flee and performed Jauhar to protect her honour on 8 March 1534.
Balasaheb Gangadhar Kher (24 August 1888 – 8 March 1957), a lawyer, solicitor, social worker the first chief minister of Bombay State. He was awarded the Padma Vibhushan, second-highest civilian award, by the Government of India in 1954. He died on 8 March 1957 in Pune, India, at an age of 68.
Vinod Mehta (31 May 1942 – 8 March 2015), an Indian journalist, editor and political commentator. He was also the founder editor-in-chief of Outlook from 1995 to 2012. He died on 8 March 2015 in New Delhi, India, at an age of 73.
Read More: 6 March in Indian and World History
Notable events on 8 March in Indian and World history
8 March 1535 – Siege of Chittorgarh took place. Sultan Bahadur Shah of Gujarat attacked Chittor Fort, after the death of Rana Sanga, with the aim of expanding his kingdom. The forts defence was led by the Widow of Sanga, Rani Karnavati. As a result, women are said to have committed Jauhar or mass self-immolation.
8 March 1930 – Mahatma Gandhi commenced the Civil Disobedience Movement. It was the start of the civil disobedience movement which commenced as Mahatma Gandhi broke the salt law on the coastal town of Dandi on the Arabian Sea on April 5. Dandi March is also known as Namak Satyagrah or Salt Satyagrah.
8 March is celebrated as International Women’s Day (IWD) around the World. It is a focal point in the movement for women’s rights. The United Nations began celebrating the day in 1977.