6 February in Indian and World History

OV Digital Desk

6 February in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 6 February is the birth anniversary of Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, Kavi Pradeep, and Shanthakumaran Nair Sreesanth.

6 February is also observed as the death anniversary of Pt. Motilal Nehru, and Pratap Singh Kairon.

Birth Anniversary on 6 February

6 February in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:

Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan (6 February 1890 – 20 January 1988), was a great statesman, who participated in India’s freedom struggle and was known as “Sahadi Gandhi” (Gandhi) for his work and devotion. One of the foremost and charismatic leaders of the 20th century was the Pakhtuns (or Pathans; the Muslim ethnic group of Pakistan and Afghanistan). The humble Ghaffar always called himself only a ‘Soldier of Freedom Struggle’, but his admirers called him ‘Badshah Khan’. Gandhiji used to address him in the same way. By participating in the national movements, he has faced severe torture in jails many times. He was born on 6 February 1890.

Kavi Pradeep (6 February 1915 – 11 December 1998), originally named ‘Ramchandra Narayanji Dwivedi’. Pradeep was a very strong creator of Hindi literature and the Hindi film world. Poet Pradeep is known for his patriotic songs like ‘Ae Mere Watan Ke Logon’. He wrote this song in tribute to the soldiers who died during the ‘India-China War’ of 1962. The song, sung by ‘Bharat Ratna’ awardee Swara Kokila Lata Mangeshkar, was telecast live from Ramlila Maidan in Delhi on 26 January 1963 in the presence of the then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. He was born on 6 February 1915 in Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh.

Shanthakumaran Nair Sreesanth is an Indian cricketer and film actor who played all forms of the game. He is a right-arm fast-medium-pace bowler and a right-handed tail-ender batsman. He was born on 6 February 1983 in Kothamangalam, Kerala, India.

Read More: 5 February in Indian and World History

Death Anniversary on 6 February

6 February in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:

Pt. Motilal Nehru (6 May 1861 – 6 February 1931), the father of Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India. His wife’s name was ‘Swaroop Rani’. Motilal Nehru was such a person in the freedom movement of India who not only completely gave up the luxury of his life but also put everything at stake, including his family members, for the country. Motilal Nehru was one of the leading lawyers of the country in his time. He died on 6 February 1931.

Pratap Singh Kairon (1 October 1901 – 6 February 1965), was a famous freedom fighter, former Chief Minister of Punjab, and a prominent leader. At that time Haryana and Himachal Pradesh were also under ‘Punjab’. He died on 6 February 1965.

Read More: 4 February in Indian and World History

Notable events on 6 February in Indian and World History

6 February 1715 – The war between Portugal and Spain ended.

6 February 1716 – Renewal of the alliance between Holland and Britain.

6 February 1788 – Massachusetts became the sixth state to adopt the United States Constitution.

6 February 1819 – Singapore was discovered by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles.

6 February 1833 – Otto became the first emperor of modern-times Greece.

6 February 1899 – The war between America and Spain ended.

6 February 1911 – The first old age home was opened in Arizona, USA.

6 February 1916 Rubén Darío, a Nicaraguan poet who initiated the Spanish-language literary movement known as modernismo, died.

6 February 1918 – Women over the age of thirty got the right to vote in Britain.

6 February 1922 – Cardinal Achille Ratty was elected Pope.

6 February 1941 – The British army captured the Libyan city of Benghazi.

6 February 1952 – After the death of Britain’s King George VI, that is, 26-year-old Elizabeth II took the throne of the Queen of England.

6 February 1959 – Anna Chandy was appointed as a judge of the Kerala High Court in India. She became the first woman judge to be appointed to the High Court.

6 February 1890 Abdul Ghaffar Khan – a political and spiritual leader known for his nonviolent opposition and lifelong pacifism – was born.

6 February 1987 – Justice Mary Godran became the first woman to become a judge of the Australian High Court.

6 February 1991)  Maria Zambrano – a Spanish essayist and philosopher associated with the Generation of ’36 movement – died.

6 February 1994 – A ban on public executions has been implemented in Pakistan since 1994.

6 February 2002 – India shot down a Pakistani spy plane that entered the border.

6 February 2003 – Russia warned the US of military action against Iraq without the permission of the United Nations.

6 February 2008 – a severe storm hit the western coast of America, causing heavy destruction.

6 February 2008 – Former Prime Minister of India Manmohan Singh talks to the President of Iceland, Ragra Grimson.

6 February 2008 – Industrialist MP Jindal was awarded the Udyog Ratna for his significant contribution to the industrial development of the country.

6 February 2009 – India gave financial assistance of Rs 9.45 crore for the construction of three big dams on its border with Nepal.

6 February Historical Significance

February 6 has seen several significant events throughout history. In 1952, Queen Elizabeth II ascended to the throne of the United Kingdom following the death of her father, King George VI, marking the beginning of her long and influential reign. On this date in 1840, the Treaty of Waitangi was signed in New Zealand, establishing a formal agreement between the British Crown and various Māori chiefs, which has since been regarded as the founding document of New Zealand. Additionally, in 1935, the popular board game Monopoly was first released by the Parker Brothers, becoming a staple in households around the world. February 6 also marks the birth of former U.S. President Ronald Reagan in 1911, who served two terms from 1981 to 1989 and played a significant role in the Cold War’s later years. These events underscore the day’s importance in political, cultural, and social history.

Important Days of 6 February in History

International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation: This day, established by the United Nations, aims to raise awareness and promote the eradication of female genital mutilation (FGM). It highlights the severe health risks and human rights violations associated with FGM and encourages global efforts to eliminate the practice.

Waitangi Day (New Zealand): Waitangi Day is a national public holiday in New Zealand that commemorates the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi on 6 February 1840. The treaty is considered New Zealand’s founding document, and the day is marked by ceremonies, cultural performances, and public events that celebrate the country’s history and cultural heritage.

Ronald Reagan Day (United States, California): In California, 6 February is recognized as Ronald Reagan Day in honor of the 40th President of the United States, Ronald Reagan, who was born on this day in 1911. The day is intended to recognize Reagan’s contributions to the state of California and the nation.