Otto Wallach (27 March 1847 – 26 February 1931) was a German chemist who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1910 for his pioneering work in the field of terpenes.
Life and Career
He was born on 27 March 1847, in Konigsberg, Prussia. He then went on to study chemistry at the University of Berlin, where he earned his Ph.D. in 1869 under the supervision of August Wilhelm von Hofmann, one of the most influential chemists of the 19th century.
After completing his doctoral studies, he spent several years working as an assistant in Hofmann’s laboratory and teaching at the University of Berlin. In 1876, he was appointed professor of chemistry at the University of Bonn, where he remained for the rest of his academic career.
Wallach developed a method for separating and identifying the individual components of complex mixtures of terpenes, and he used this technique to elucidate the chemical structure of many different types of terpenes. He also discovered several new terpenes, including the first sesquiterpene, caryophyllene, and the first diterpene, phytol.
His work on terpenes laid the foundation for the modern study of these compounds, and his research had far-reaching applications in fields such as pharmaceuticals, flavors and fragrances, and materials science. He was also instrumental in developing the concept of molecular structure and the use of structural formulas to represent complex organic molecules.
He was also a prolific writer, publishing over 250 scientific papers during his career. In addition, he served as editor of several prominent chemistry journals, including the Reports of the German Chemical Society and Liebig’s Annals of Chemistry.
He died on 26 February 1931, in Gottingen, Germany.
Award and Legacy
He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1910 for his pioneering work in the field of terpenes.
He received numerous other awards for his contributions to chemistry, including the Davy Medal from the Royal Society of London in 1912, the Liebig Medal in 1906, and the Willard Gibbs Award in 1926.
Wallach’s legacy in the field of chemistry is significant, particularly in the area of terpenes. His pioneering work on the isolation and structure determination of these compounds laid the foundation for the modern study of natural products, and his methods for separating and identifying complex mixtures of organic compounds are still used by chemists today.
Wallach was also instrumental in the development of the concept of molecular structure and the use of structural formulas to represent complex organic molecules. His work in this area was essential for the development of modern organic chemistry, and his legacy can still be seen in the way that chemists represent and understand organic molecules today.
Overall, Otto Wallach’s contributions to chemistry were significant, and his work continues to have a lasting impact on the field today.Tags: 26 February 1931, 27 March 1847, German chemist, Google Doodle, Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Observer Voice Otto Wallach, Otto Wallach, Otto Wallach Birthday, Otto Wallach Death anniversary, Otto Wallach Observer Voice, Remembering Otto Wallach, Tribute to Otto Wallach