27 July in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 27 July is the birth anniversary of Kalpana Dutt, Bharati Mukherjee, and Vishwa Mohan Bhatt.
27 July is also observed as the death anniversary of Ramabai Ambedkar, Salim Ali, Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, and Lachhu Maharaj.
27 July in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:
Kalpana Dutt (27 July 1913 – 8 February 1995), the women revolutionaries who fought for the country’s independence. He had associated with the revolutionary Surya Sen’s team to carry out his revolutionary activities. In 1933 AD, Kalpana Dutt was arrested after an encounter with the police. She was able to come out of jail only due to the efforts of the Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi and Rabindranath Tagore. For her significant contribution, Kalpana Dutt was awarded the title of ‘Veer Mahila’. She was impressed by reading the biographies of famous revolutionaries and soon she herself became eager to do something. On April 18, 1930, as soon as the incident of the ‘Chittagong armoury robbery’ happened, Kalpana Dutt went back to Chittagong from Kolkata and contacted the revolutionary Surya Sen’s team. She used to disguise and transport ammunition etc. to these people. In the meantime, he also practised aiming. She was Born on 27 July 1913.
Bharati Mukherjee (27 July 1940 – 28 January 2017) was a noted Indian-origin writer who won several awards in the United States. She wrote several stories on the internal cultural conflict of migrants, of which ‘The Middleman’ won America’s top literary award. The novel ‘Jasmine’ written by Bharati Mukherjee was most appreciated all over the world and also won awards. She lived in Canada for more than a decade. Her writing was focused on confronting the modern realities of deteriorating cultural values. She was Born on 27 July 1940 in Kolkata, West Bengal.
Vishwa Mohan Bhatt is a Hindustani classical music instrumentalist who plays the Mohan Veena (slide guitar). He is also known as V. M. Bhatt. Bhatt is best known for his Grammy award-winning album “A Meeting by the River” with Ry Cooder released on Water Lily Acoustics label. He is also known for other fusion and pan-cultural collaborations with Western artists such as Taj Mahal, Béla Fleck, and Jerry Douglas. He got many awards including Sangeet Natak Akademi Award, 1998; Padma Shri, 2002; Padma Bhushan, 2017. Bhatt was Born on 27 July 1950 in Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.
Read More: 26 July in Indian and World History
27 July in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:
Ramabai Ambedkar (7 February 1898 – 27 May 1935), the wife of Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar, the architect of the Indian Constitution. She is also known as Mata Ramabai, Mata Ramai, and ‘Ramatai’. When Bhimrao Ambedkar was fourteen years old, Ramabai was married to him. Ramabai was a dutiful, self-respecting, serious, and intelligent woman. Ramabai was a virtuous and religious housewife. He had a great desire to go to Pandharpur. There is a famous temple of Vitthal-Rukmani in Pandharpur, Maharashtra, but then the entry of untouchables was forbidden in Hindu temples. Bhimrao Ambedkar used to explain to Ramabai that he could not be saved by going to such temples, where he was forbidden to go inside. Sometimes Ramabai used to sit stubbornly on performing religious rituals. She died on 27 July 1935.
Salim Ali (12 November 1896nn – 27 July 1987), an Indian ornithologist and naturalist. Salim Ali is known as the Birdman of India. Salim Ali was the first person in India to systematically conduct bird surveys across India and his books on birds have greatly helped in the development of ornithology in India. This person, who spent 65 years in the survey of birds, was called the moving encyclopaedia of birds. The efforts made in the direction of conservation of nature of this ‘messiah of birds’, awarded with Padma Vibhushan, can never be forgotten. He was honored by the Government of India with the country’s biggest honours like Padma Bhushan in 1958 and Padma Vibhushan in 1976. Salim Ali Ornithology and Natural History Center were established in his name by the ‘Bombay Natural History Society and ‘Ministry of Environment and Forests’ at a place called ‘Anaikatty’ near Coimbatore. He died on 27 July 1987.
Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam (15 October 1931 – 27 July 2015) also known as Dr A. P.J. Abdul Kalam, the former President of India, was a noted scientist and engineer. His presidential term lasted from July 25, 2002, to July 25, 2007. He is also known as Missile Man. He was such an acceptable Indian who has become a great role model’ for all. Becoming the country’s first citizen from the world of science is not a mere fantasy, because it is a true story of a living pioneer. Abdul Kalam also did the work of distributing newspapers to continue his early education. Dr Abdul Kalam has the credit of making India’s first indigenous satellite (SLV III) missile as the project director. In July 1980, he placed the Rohini satellite near the Earth’s orbit. He made missiles like Agni and Prithvi with indigenous technology. He got many awards including Padma Bhushan in 1981, Padma Vibhushan in 1990, and Bharat Ratna in 1997 as a civilian honour of India. Dr Abdul Kalam is the third President to have received the Bharat Ratna award even before becoming the President. He is the first scientist who has become president and also the first president who is unmarried. On the evening of July 27, 2015, Abdul Kalam was giving a lecture on ‘Habitable Planets’ at the ‘Indian Institute of Management Shillong’ when he suffered a heart attack and fell unconscious. And after two hours his death was confirmed. Kalam died on 27 July 2015.
Lachhu Maharaj (16 October 1944 – 27 July 2016), an Indian tabla player. He carried forward the tradition of playing the tabla of the Banaras Gharana. Many of his disciples are playing tabla in the country and abroad. Lachhu Maharaj was a very simple person, this was the reason why he never received any respect. Govinda is the nephew of Lachhu Maharaj, a famous actor in Hindi films. He had accepted Lachhu Maharaj as his guru in his childhood. Govinda learned to play the tabla only from Lachhu Maharaj. In 1972 itself, a proposal was made to honour him with ‘Padma Shri’ by the Central Government, but he refused to take ‘Padma Shri’. He used to say – “The applause and applause of the audience is the reward of the artist.” He died on 27 July 2016.
Read More: 25 July in Indian and World History
Notable events on 27 July in Indian and World History
27 July 1835 – Giosue Carducci an Italian poet, writer, literary critic, teacher, and Nobel Prize Laureate, was born.
27 July 1897 – Bal Gangadhar Tilak was arrested for the first time.
27 July 1921 – biochemists from the University of Toronto, led by Predrik Bantin, announced the discovery of insulin.
27 July 1935 – floods in the Yangtze and Hoang rivers of China, killing two lakh people.
27 July 1976 – The devastating earthquake in Tangshan, China, killed 240,000 people.
27 July 1881 –Hans Fischer was a German organic chemist Nobel Prize was, Born.
27 July 1982 – Prime Minister Indira Gandhi’s first US visit in almost 11 years.
27 July 1987 – On this day explorers discovered the wreckage of the Titanic on this day.
27 July 1994 – Shooter Jaspal Rana won a gold medal at the World Shooting Championships.
27 July 1998 – Farid Shawki – an Egyptian actor, screenwriter and film producer – died.
27 July 2007 – Scientists in Australia claimed to have found the jaw fossil of a giant vampire that was found about 40,000 years ago.
27 July 2008 – CPN-UML leader Subhash Nemwang was sworn in as the President of the newly elected Constituent Assembly by Nepalese President Rambaran Yadav.
Central Reserve Police Force Raising Day is celebrated every year on 27 July. The CRPF was originally established as the Crown Representative Police on 27 July 1939 with the 1st Battalion in Neemuch Madhya Pradesh. After independence, the Crown Representative Police was converted into the Keripu force. The Central Reserve Police Force has become the largest and oldest force in the world.
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